Kineshma

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Kineshma
Кинешма
Toun[1]
View o Kineshma frae the Volga
View o Kineshma frae the Volga
Banner o Kineshma
Banner
Coat o airms o Kineshma
Coat o airms
Location of Kineshma
Kineshma is locatit in Roushie
Kineshma
Kineshma
Location o Kineshma
Kineshma is locatit in Ivanovo Oblast
Kineshma
Kineshma
Kineshma (Ivanovo Oblast)
Coordinates: 57°26′N 42°08′E / 57.433°N 42.133°E / 57.433; 42.133Coordinates: 57°26′N 42°08′E / 57.433°N 42.133°E / 57.433; 42.133
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Ivanovo Oblast[1]
First mentioned 1429
Aurie
 • Total 50 km2 (20 sq mi)
Elevation 110 m (360 ft)
Population (2010 Census)[2]
 • Tot 88,164
 • Estimate (2018)[3] 82,995 (-5.9%)
 • Rank 191st in 2010
 • Density 1,800/km2 (4,600/sq mi)
 • Subordinatit tae Toun o Kineshma[4]
 • Caipital o Kineshemsky Destrict[1], Toun o Kineshma 
 • Urban okrug Kineshma Urban Okrug[5]
 • Caipital o Kineshma Urban Okrug[5], Kineshemsky Municipal Destrict[5]
Time zone Moscow Time Eedit this on Wikidata[6] (UTC+3)
Postal code(s)[7] 155800–155819Eedit this on Wikidata
Twin touns VantaaEedit this on Wikidata
OKTMO ID 24705000001
Wabsteid www.admkineshma.ru

Kineshma (Roushie: Кинешма) is the seicont lairgest town in Ivanovo Oblast, Roushie, which sprawls for 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) alang the Volga River. Population: 88,164 (2010 Census);[2] 95,233 (2002 Census);[8] 105,037 (1989 Census).[9]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kineshma wis first noticit as a posad in 1429. In 1504, Ivan III gave it tae Prince Feodor Belsky, who escapit tae Moscow frae Lithuanie an marriet Ivan's niece. Later on, Ivan the Terrible gave Kineshma tae Ivan Petrovich Shuisky, but efter the latter's daith it wis returned tae the Tsar in 1587. In the 16t an 17t centuries, Kineshma wis a major fishin centre, which suppleed sturgeon for the Tsar's table. In 1608, it wis twice ravagit bi the Poles. Throuoot its history, Kineshma belangit tae different Roushie regions, includin Archangelgorod Govrenorate, Yaroslavl Province o Saunt Petersburg Govrenorate, an Moscow Govrenorate.

Admeenistrative an municipal status[eedit | eedit soorce]

Athin the framewirk o admeenistrative diveesions, Kineshma serves as the admeenistrative centre o Kineshemsky Destrict,[1] even tho it is no a pairt o it.[4] As an admeenistrative diveesion, it is incorporatit separately as the Toun o Kineshma—an admeenistrative unit wi the status equal tae that o the destricts.[4] As a municipal diveesion, the Toun o Kineshma is incorporatit as Kineshma Urban Okrug.[5]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Syne the 18t century, the toun's main industry haes been textile manufacturin. Like aw the textile centres in Roushie, the toun's prosperity declined efter the perestroika.

Airchitectur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kineshma's principal landmark is the Trinity Cathedral, built in 1838–1845 tae a teepical Neoclassical design. Thare are several 18t-century kirks in the toun an aw. The neebourheids o Kineshma contain estates an museums o Alexander Ostrovsky, Alexander Borodin, an Fyodor Bredikhin.

In 2010, Kineshma wis grantit status o a toun o historical significance.

Releegion[eedit | eedit soorce]

Currently thare are eleiven kirks, nine o which are active, an three chapels.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns an sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kineshma is twinned wi:

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Law #145-OZ
  2. 2.0 2.1 Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census) (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  3. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service. Retrieved 23 Januar 2019.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Law #145-OZ stipulates that the borders of the administrative districts are identical to the borders of the municipal districts. The Law #42-OZ, which describes the borders and the composition of Kineshemsky District, does not list the town of Kineshma as a part of that district.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Law #124-OZ
  6. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019. 
  7. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Roushie)
  8. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population o Roushie, Its Federal Destricts, Federal Subjects, Destricts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Admeenistrative Centres, an Rural Localities wi Population o Ower 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [Aw-Roushie Population Census o 2002] (in Roushie). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [Aw Union Population Census o 1989: Present Population o Union an Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts an Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Destricts, Urban Settlements, an Veelages Servin as Destrict Admeenistrative Centres]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [Aw-Union Population Census o 1989] (in Roushie). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute o Demografie at the Naitional Resairch Varsity: Heicher Schuil o Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Ивановская областная Дума. Закон №145-ОЗ от 14 декабря 2010 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ивановской области», в ред. Закона №91-ОЗ от 7 октября 2011 г «О внесении изменения в статью 2 Закона Ивановской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ивановской области"». Вступил в силу через 10 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства Ивановской области", №50(519), 30 декабря 2010 г. (Ivanovo Oblast Duma. Law #145-OZ of December 14, 2010 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Ivanovo Oblast, as amended by the Law #91-OZ of October 7, 2011 On Amending Article 2 of the Law of Ivanovo Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Ivanovo Oblast". Effective as of the day which is 10 days after the official publication.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Ивановской области. Закон №124-ОЗ от 29 сентября 2004 г. «О муниципальных районах и городских округах», в ред. Закона №7-ОЗ от 12 января 2005 г «О внесении изменений в Закон Ивановской области "О муниципальных районах и городских округах"». Вступил в силу 1 октября 2004 г. Опубликован: "Ивановская газета", №189 (3327), 1 октября 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Ivanovo Oblast. Law #124-OZ of September 29, 2004 On the Municipal Districts and Urban Okrugs, as amended by the Law #7-OZ of January 12, 2005 On Amending the Law of Ivanovo Oblast "On the Municipal Districts and Urban Okrugs". Effective as of October 1, 2004.).

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]