José Rizal

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José Rizal
Jose Rizal full.jpg
BornJosé Protasio Rizal Mercado (y) Alonso[1]
Juin 19, 1861[2]
Calamba, Laguna, Spanish Philippines[2]
Died30 December 1896(1896-12-30) (aged 35)[3]
Bagumbayan, Manila, Spaingie Philippines[3]
Cause o daith
Execution bi firin squad
MonumentsLuneta Park, Manila,
Calamba, Laguna,
Daet, Camarines Norte
Ither namesPepe, Jose (nicknames)[4][5]
Alma materAteneo Municipal de Manila, Varsity o Santo Tomas, Universidad Central de Madrid
OrganisationLa Solidaridad, La Liga Filipina
Hauf-marrae(s)Josephine Bracken (1896)[6]
ParentsFrancisco Mercado Rizal (faither)
Teodora Alonso Realonda (mither)
SignaturJose rizal signature.svg

José Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda,[7] widely kent as José Rizal (Spaingie pronunciation: [xoˈse riˈsal]; Juin 19, 1861 – December 30, 1896), wis a Filipino naitionalist an polymath during the tail end o the Spaingie colonial period o the Philippines. An ophthalmologist bi profession, Rizal acame a writer an a key member o the Filipino Propaganda Movement which advocatit poleetical reforms for the colony unner Spain.

He wis executit bi the Spaingie colonial govrenment for the crime o rebellion efter an anti-colonial revolution, inspired in pairt bi his writins, broke oot. Tho he wisna actively involved in its plannin or conduct, he ultimately approved o its goals which eventually led tae Philippine unthirldom.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Valdez, Valdez & et al. 2007, p. 57.
  2. a b Valdez, Valdez & et al. 2007, p. 59.
  3. a b Valdez, Valdez & et al. 2007, p. 7.
  4. Nery, John (2011). "Revolutionary Spirit: Jose Rizal in Southeast Asia", p. 240. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore. ISBN 978-981-4345-06-4.
  5. Fadul 2008, p. 31.
  6. Fadul 2008, p. 21.

Citit soorces

  • Valdez, Maria Stella S.; Valdez; et al. (2007). Doctor Jose Rizal and the Writing of His Story. Rex Bookstore, Inc. ISBN 978-971-23-4868-6.
  • Fadul, Jose (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia Rizaliana. Morrisville, North Carolina: Lulu Press. ISBN 978-1-4303-1142-3