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Jacksonville, Florida

Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge
Ceety o Jacksonville
Tap, left tae richt: Dountoun Jacksonville, Riverplace Touer, statue o Andrew Jackson, Florida Theatre, Dames Point Bridge, Veterans Memorial Arena, EverBank Field, Friendship Fountain, Jacksonville Landing
Banner o Jacksonville
Official seal of Jacksonville
"Jax", "The River Ceety", "J-ville", "The Bauld New Ceety o the Sooth"
Whaur Florida Begins
Location in Duval Coonty an the state o Florida
Location in Duval Coonty an the state o Florida
Jacksonville is located in the Unitit States
Location in the Unitit States
Coordinates: 30°20′13″N 81°39′41″W / 30.33694°N 81.66139°W / 30.33694; -81.66139Coordinates: 30°20′13″N 81°39′41″W / 30.33694°N 81.66139°W / 30.33694; -81.66139[1]
KintraUnitit States
 • TeepStrang Mayor–Cooncil
 • MayorAlvin Brown (D)
 • Govrenin bodyJacksonville Ceety Cooncil
 • Tot2,265 km2 (874.6 sq mi)
 • Laund1,935 km2 (747.0 sq mi)
 • Water330 km2 (127.6 sq mi)
Elevation5 m (16 ft)
 (2012 est.)[3][4]
 • Tot836,507 (12t)
 • Density424.8/km2 (1100.1/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Metro
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastren (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code(s)
32099, 32201–32212, 32214–32241, 32244–32247, 32250, 32254–32260, 32266, 32267, 32277, 32290
Area code(s)904
FIPS code12-35000[3]
GNIS featur ID0295003[2]

Jacksonville is the lairgest ceety in the U.S. state o Florida an the coonty seat o Duval Coonty.[5] The governments o the Ceety o Jacksonville an Duval Coonty consolidated in 1968, expandin Jacksonville's ceety leemits an makin it the lairgest ceety in land aurie continental Unitit States.[6] Consequently maist o Jacksonville's metropolitan population lives athin its ceety leemits, an it is the maist populous ceety proper in Florida an the thirteent maist populous in the Unitit States. Jacksonville is the principal ceety in the Greater Jacksonville Metropolitan Aurie, a region wi a population o mair nor 1,313,228.[7]

Jacksonville is locatit in the First Coast region o northeast Florida an is centred on the banks o the St. Johns River, aboot 25 mile (40 km) sooth o the Georgie border an aboot 340 mile (547 km) north o Miami. The Jacksonville Beaches communities are locatit alang the adjacent Atlantic coast. The aurie wis oreeginally inhabitit bi the Timucua fowk, an in 1564 wis the site o the French colony o Fort Caroline, ane o the earliest European settlements in wha is nou the continental Unitit States. Durin Florida's Breetish period a community grew at the nairae point in the river whaur cattle crossed, kent as Wacca Pilatka tae the Indians an Cowford tae the Breetish. The toun wis incorporatit in 1822, a year efter the Unitit States acquired the colony o Florida frae Spain, an renamed efter Andrew Jackson, the first military governor o the Florida Territory an seivent Preses o the Unitit States.

Harbor improvements syne the late 19t century hae made Jacksonville a major military an civilian deep-water port. Its riverine location facilitates twa U.S. Navy bases an the Port o Jacksonville, Florida's third lairgest seaport.[8] Significant factors in the local economy include services sic as bankin, insurance, an healthcare; as wi muckle o Florida tourism is an aa important tae the Jacksonville aurie, in parteecular tourism relatit tae gowf.[9][10]


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  1. a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 12 Februar 2011. Retrieved 23 Apryle 2011.
  2. a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 25 October 2007. Retrieved 31 Januar 2008.
  3. a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 31 Januar 2008.
  4. Population Growth, 2013. United States Census Bureau. 2013-05-23. Retrieved 2015-05-27.
  5. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 7 Juin 2011.
  6. "Cities with 100,000 or More Population in 2000 ranked by Land Area (square miles) /1, 2000 in Rank Order". U.S. Census Bureau, Administrative and Customer Services Division, Statistical Compendia Branch. 16 Mairch 2004. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
  7. "Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
  8. "US Port Ranking by Cargo Volume 2008" American Association of Port Authorities
  9. Harding, Abel (3 Apryle 2010). "Golf tourism a boon for Northeast Florida". The Florida Times-Union. Archived frae the original on 8 Apryle 2010. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
  10. "Jacksonville". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 26 October 2010.