J. R. R. Tolkien
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, CBE (/[unsupported input]/; 3 Januar 1892 in Bloemfontein, Orange Free State – 2 September 1973 in Bournemouth, Ingland) wis an Inglis screiver, poet, philologist, an university professor, maist weel kent as the author o the classic hie fantasie beuks The Hobbit an The Lord of the Rings.
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- Tolkien pronounced his surname //, see his phonetic transcription published on the illustration in The Return of the Shadow: The History of The Lord of the Rings, Part One. [Edited by] Christopher Tolkien. London: Unwin Hyman, [25 August] 1988. (The History of Middle-earth; 6) ISBN 0-04-440162-0. The position of the stress is not entirely fixed: stress on the second syllable (tol-KEEN rather than TOL-keen) has been used by some members of the Tolkien family. In General American the surname is also pronounced //. This pronunciation no doubt arose by analogy with such words as toll and polka, or because many General American speakers lack vowels of the [ɒ] and [ɔː] types; thus this becomes the closest possible approximation to the Received Pronunciation in their phonologies. Wells, John. 1990. Longman pronunciation dictionary. Harlow: Longman, ISBN 0-582-05383-8
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