Ivan Franko

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Ivan Yakovych Franko
Іван Якович Франко
Ivan Franko (1898).png
Born Іван Якович Франко
August 27 [A.S. August 15] 1856
Nahuievychi, Austrian Empire (nouadays Ukraine)
Dee'd May 28 [A.S. May 15] 1916
Lemberg, Austrick-Hungary (nouadays Ukraine)
Pen name Myron, Kremin, Zhyvyi
Thrift poet, writer, poleetical activist
Ethnicity Ukrainian
Period 1874–1916
Genre epic poetry, short story, novels, drama
Leeterar muivement Realism, Decadent muivement
Spoose Olha Fedorivna Khoruzhynska
Bairns Andriy
Petro Franko
Taras Franko
Hanna Klyuchko (Franko)

Ivan Yakovych Franko (Ukrainian: Іван Якович Франко, pronounced [iˈwɑn ˈjɑkowɪt͡ʃ frɑnˈkɔ]) (August 27 [A.S. August 15] 1856 – May 28 [A.S. May 15] 1916) wis a Ukrainian poet, writer, social an leeterar critic, jurnalist, interpreter, economist, poleetical activist, doctor o filosofie, ethnographer, the author o the first detective novels an modren poetry in the Ukrainian leid.

He wis a poleetical radical, an a foonder o the socialist an naitionalist muivement in wastren Ukraine. In addeetion tae his awn leeterar wirk, he translatit the wirks of such renouned figurs as William Shakespeare, Lord Byron, Pedro Calderón de la Barca, Dante Alighieri, Victor Hugo, Adam Mickiewicz, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe an Friedrich Schiller intae the Ukrainian leid an aw. Alang wi Taras Shevchenko, he haes haed a tremendous impact on modren leeterar an poleetical thocht in Ukraine.

Leeterar wirks[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 1876, Lesyshyna Cheliad an Dva Pryiateli (Twa Friends) wur published in the literary almanac Dnistrianka. Later that year he wrote his first collection o poetry, Ballads an Tales. His first o the stories in the Boryslav series wur published in 1877.

Franko depictit the hairsk experience o Ukrainian wirkers an peasants in his novels Boryslav Laughs (1881–1882) an Boa Constrictor (1878). His wirks deal wi Ukrainian naitionalism an history (Zakhar Berkut, 1883), social issues (Basis o Society, 1895 an Withered Leaves, 1896), an filosofie (Semper Tiro, 1906).

He haes drawn parallels tae the Israelite search for a hameland an the Ukrainian desire for unthirldom in In Daith of Cain (1889) an Moses (1905). Stolen Happiness (1893) is considered as his best dramatic maisterpiece. In total, Franko haes written mair than 1,000 wirks.

He wis widely promotit in Ukraine durin the Soviet period pairticularly for his poem Kamenyari (stane breakers) which conteens revolutionar poleetical ideas, hence earnin him the name Kamenyar.

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