Hutt River (Wastren Australie)

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Hutt River
Kintra Australia
Basin
River mooth Broken Anchor Bay, Indian Ocean
Physical characteristics
Lenth 60 kilometres (37 mi)

Hutt River is a river in the Mid West region o Wastren Australie.

The river rises 20 km east o the North West Coastal Highway, atween the touns o Northampton an Binnu. It flows in a wasterly direction till reachin Broken Anchor Bay on the Indian Ocean 6 kilometres (4 mi) sooth-east o Port Gregory. The main tributar for the Hutt River is Kennedy Creek. Ithers are Yarder Gully an Swamp Gully, which are important contributors o fresh watter tae the river.[1]

Unner normal flow, the Hutt River runs tae the north for a short distance (<500 metres) afore breakin throu the feenal dune an flowin tae the sea. Under heavy flow it breaks straicht throu.[2]

Hutt Lagoon, 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) north o the river mooth, is a marginal marine salina. Similar tae Loch MacLeod, north o Carnarvon, Hutt Lagoon is fed bi marine watters throu a barrier ridge an bi meteoric watters throu springs. Due tae the salina’s belaw sea-level position seepage o seawatter intae the salina is continuous year roond.[3]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The first European tae discover the river wis probably Francisco Pelsaert, who hove tae in Broken Anchor Bay at the mooth o the Hutt River on 9 Juin 1629, follaein the sinkin o the Batavia on the Houtman Abrolhos. He probably returned tae the mooth o the Hutt River in the Sardam on 16 November 1629. His crew splored the aurie an twa mutineers, Wouter Loos an Jan Pelgrom de Bye, appear tae hae been abandoned here, becomin Australie's first European residents.[4][5]

The first Breetish splorer tae encoonter Hutt River wis Lieutenant (later Sir) George Grey on 5 Apryle 1839, namin the river efter his friend Sir William Hutt.[6] Hutt wis a Breetish Liberal politeecian who wis hivily involvit in the colonization o Wastren Australie, New Zealand an Sooth Australie, an the brither o John Hutt, the seicont Govrenor o Wastren Australie. Hutt wis for a time chairman o the Western Australian Land Company.[7] Sir William Hutt wis a member wi Grey of the 1836 Select Committee on Disposal of Lands in the British Colonies.[8] The next day, Grey namit the nearbi Bowes River efter Hutt's wife, Mary Bowes.[6]

The Principality o Hutt River is a micronaition locatit midwey alang the river. The Principality covers an aurie o 18,500 acres (75 km2) an claims tae be an unthirlt sovereign state that secedit frae Australie in 1970 as a result o a dispute ower wheat production quotas.[9] It is no recognisit bi Australie state or federal govrenments, or ony ither kintra.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "The Hutt River". Rivers of Western Australia. Greening Australia Ltd. 2008. Retrieved 23 July 2012. 
  2. Brearley, Anne (2005). Ernest Hodgkin's Swanland: Estuaries and coastal lagoons of Southwestern Australia. University of Western Australia Press. pp. 272–274. ISBN 1-920694-38-2. 
  3. Handford, C . Robertson (1991). "Marginal Marine Halite: Sabkhas and Salinas". In Judith L Melvin. Evaporites, Petroleum and Mineral Resources. Developments in Sedimentology. 50. Amsterdam: Elsevier. p. 47. ISBN 0-444-88680-X. Retrieved 23 July 2012. 
  4. Gerritsen, Rupert (2007). "The debate over where Australia's first European residents were marooned in 1629 – Part 1'". Hydrographic Journal. 126: 20–25. 
  5. Gerritsen, Rupert (2009). "The debate over where Australia's first European residents were marooned in 1629 – Part 2'". Hydrographic Journal. 128-129: 35–41. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 Grey, George (1841). Journals of two expeditions of discovery in North-West and Western Australia, during the years 1837, 38, and 39, describing many newly discovered, important, and fertile districts, with observations on the moral and physical condition of the aboriginal inhabitants, etc. etc. 2. London: T. and W. Boone. p. 239. Retrieved 17 March 2012. 
  7. "The Australind Settlement - Its Foundation Inaugurated". The West Australian. 24 Dec 1919. pp. 7–8. Retrieved 23 July 2012. 
  8. Mills, Richard Charles (1915). The Colonization of Australia (1829-1842) - The Wakefield Experiment in Empire Building. London: Sidgwick & Jackson Ltd. p. 216. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  9. "Principality of Hutt River - Official website". 2008. Retrieved 28 October 2008. 

Coordinates: 28°18′42″S 114°18′1″E / 28.31167°S 114.30028°E / -28.31167; 114.30028 Template:Rivers o Wastren Australie