Hu Jintao

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Hu Jintao
胡锦涛
Hu Jintao Cannes2011.jpg
General Secretary o the Communist Pairty o Cheenae
In office
15 November 2002 – 15 November 2012
DeputeWu Bangguo
Wen Jiabao
Jia Qinglin
Li Changchun
Precedit biJiang Zemin
Succeedit biXi Jinping
Chairman o the CPC Central Militar Commission
In office
19 September 2004 – 15 November 2012
DeputeXi Jinping
Guo Boxiong
Xu Caihou
Precedit biJiang Zemin
Succeedit biXi Jinping
Preses o the Fowk's Republic o Cheenae
In office
15 Mairch 2003 – 14 Mairch 2013
PremierWen Jiabao
Vice PresesZeng Qinghong
Xi Jinping
Precedit biJiang Zemin
Succeedit biXi Jinping
Chairman o the PRC Central Militar Commission
In office
13 Mairch 2005 – 14 Mairch 2013
DeputeXi Jinping
Guo Boxiong
Xu Caihou
Precedit biJiang Zemin
Succeedit biXi Jinping
First Secretary o the Central Secretariat o the Communist Pairty o Cheenae
In office
19 October 1992 – 15 November 2002
General SecretaryJiang Zemin
Precedit biHu Qili
Succeedit biZeng Qinghong
Vice Preses o the Fowk's Republic o Cheenae
In office
15 Mairch 1998 – 15 Mairch 2003
PresesJiang Zemin
Precedit biRong Yiren
Succeedit biZeng Qinghong
First Secretary o the Communist Youth League o Cheenae
In office
December 1984 – November 1985
Precedit biWang Zhaoguo
Succeedit biSong Defu
Personal details
Born (1942-12-21) 21 December 1942 (age 77)
Taizhou, Jiangsu
Poleetical pairtyCommunist Pairty
Spoose(s)Liu Yongqing
BairnsHu Haifeng
Hu Haiqing
ResidenceZhongnanhai
Alma materTsinghua Varsity
Hu Jintao
Semplifeed Cheenese
Tradeetional Cheenese

Hu Jintao (pinyin: Hú Jǐntāo, pronoonced [xǔ tɕìntʰáu]; born 21 December 1942) is an umwhile leader o the fowerth generation o leadership o the Communist Pairty o Cheenae. He wis General Secretary o the Communist Pairty o Cheenae frae 2002 tae 2012, Chairman o the CPC Central Militar Commission frae 2004 tae 2012 an Preses o the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae frae 2003 tae 2013.

Hu haes been involved in the Communist pairty bureaucracy for maist o his adult life, notably as Pairty secretary for Guizhou province an the Tibet Autonomous Region, an then later First secretary o the Pairty Central Secretariat an Vice-Preses unner umwhile leader Jiang Zemin. Hu is the first leader o the Communist Pairty withoot ony signeeficant revolutionar credentials. As such, his rise tae the leadership representit Cheenae's transition o leadership frae establishment communists tae younger, mair pragmatic technocrats.

Durin his term in office, Hu reintroduced state control in some sectors o the economy that wur relaxed bi the previous admeenistration, an haes been conservative wi poleetical reforms.[1] Alang wi his colleague, Premier Wen Jiabao, Hu presided ower nearly a decade o consistent economic growth an development that cementit Cheenae as a major warld pouer. He soucht tae improve socio-economic equality domestically throu the Scientific Development Concept, which aimed tae big a "Socialist Harmonious Society" that wis prosperous an free o social conflict.[2] Meanwhile, Hu kept a ticht lid on Cheenae poleetically, crackin doun on social disturbances, ethnic minority protests, an dissident figures. In foreign policy, Hu advocatit for "Cheenae's peaceful development", pursuin saft pouer in internaitional relations an a business-orientit approach tae diplomacy. Throu Hu's tenure, Cheenae's influence in Africae, Latin Americae, an ither developin regions haes increased.[3]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Luard, Tim (11 Januar 2005). "BBC:China's Leader shows his stripes. 11 January 2005". BBC News. Retrieved 13 Mairch 2010.
  2. "Kuhn, Robert Lawrence: Hu's Political Philosophies" (PDF). Esnips.com. Retrieved 13 Mairch 2010.
  3. World Savvy Monitor: China and the World - A foreign policy overview