Hermel

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Hermel
الهرمل
Hermel is locatit in Lebanon
Hermel
Hermel
Location in Lebanon
Coordinates: 34°23′29″N 36°23′45″E / 34.39139°N 36.39583°E / 34.39139; 36.39583
Kintra  Lebanon
Govrenorate Beqaa Govrenorate
Destrict Hermel Destrict
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Simmer (DST) +3 (UTC)
Hermel Pyramid.jpg
Shepherd Neolithic flint tuils discovered at Kamouh el Hermel. 1. End scraper on a flake. 2. Transverse scraper an awl on a thin flake. 3. Borer on a flake blade. 4. Burin wi a wide wirkin edge on a hivy flake. Aw in matt broun flint.

Hermel (Arabic: الهرمل‎) is a toun in Beqaa Govrenorate, Lebanon. It's the caipital o the Hermel Destrict. Hermel is hame tae a Lebanese Red Cross First Aid Centre.[1]

Thare is a auncient pyramid kent as Kamouh el Hermel (Pyramid or Needle o Hermel) locatit aboot 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) sooth o the toun that is a popular attraction for local tourists.[2]

Hermel plains[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Hermel plains are a aurie o law hills aroond Hermel, throu which runs the Orontes river an several wadis, which drain intae the Homs basin. The aurie dominates the north o the Beqaa Valley an reaches north tae the mairch wi Sirie. A curious an unpublished airchaeological industrie exists frae fynds o stone tuils in this aurie. It consists o generally smaw tuils whose teepologie is limitit. It wis termit the Shepherd Neolithic industry bi Henri Fleisch.[3]

Hermel I (Mrah Abbas)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hermel I or Mrah Abbas wis discovered bi P. Billaux an Maurice Tallon an is 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) north northeast o Hermel, 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) afore reachin Mrah Abbas, next tae the road. It is locatit on an uncultivatit slopin plain leadin doun 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) frae the Orontes. The gairden revealed the remains o ten dolmens, maist o which wur biggit on a lairger foondation than the covered chamber. Some wur perhaps no covered bi tumuli an a few wur evidently no biggit tae hae cap-stanes on tap.[4]

Hermel II (Jisr el Aassi)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hermel II or Jisr el Aassi is 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) east o Hermel I near the gorge throu which the Orontes river flows. It wis foond bi P. Billaux an mentioned bi Maurice Tallon in 1958 who made a lenthy description o the lairgest tumulus in 1959.[5] The lithic industry at the site wis discussed bi Henri Fleisch in 1966.[6] Several dolmens wur foond aroond the veelage o Choueighir, aroond 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) north o the brig ower the Orontes, in an aroond the veelage extendin aboot 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) tae the north alang the track next tae the river. Some o the dolmen are inclined inwairds formin a pyramid shape. Thare is a lairge tumulus north o the veelage that is componit o massive blocks whaur pottery wis foond an datit tae the Early Bronze Age III bi Tallon.[5] Henri Fleisch foond a collection o Shepherd Neolithic flints aroond thir dolmen.[4]

Hermel III (Choueighir)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hermel III or Choueighir is a veelage on the left (wastren) bank o the Orontes an a airchaeological steid wis foond bi P. Billaux 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) tae the north o it. Flint material wis describit tae be o the Shepherd Neolithic teep an seemilar tae that o Maqne an Qaa bi Henri Fleisch in 1966, it is held in the Museum o Lebanese Prehistory.[4]

Hermel IV (Wadi el Joz)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hermel IV or Wadi el Joz is a collection o megaliths that are 1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi) east o Hermel Attika, sootheast o Hermel on dry terraces that slope towards the channel o the Orontes. It wis foond bi Mohammed Hamadé, surveyed bi P. Billaux an published bi Maurice Tallon in 1959.[5] A nummer o tumuli wur discovered in this aurie which covered chambers on rectangular foondation platforms. Thay wur uisually orientatit east tae wast wi some remnants o waws constructit o megalithic stanes. Maurice Tallon made collectins o flint an pottery frae the aurie datin tae various periods. Thir includit an incisit sherd an a tanged scraper frae the vera earliest Neolithic times, a Early Bronze Age flat scraper alang wi later Middle Bronze Age an Airn Age material.[4]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Our Centers
  2. Paul Doyle (1 March 2012). Lebanon. Bradt Travel Guides. pp. 215–. ISBN 978-1-84162-370-2. Retrieved 26 September 2012. 
  3. Lorraine Copeland; P. Wescombe (1965). Inventory of Stone-Age sites in Lebanon, p. 43 & 45. Imprimerie Catholique. Retrieved 21 July 2011. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 L. Copeland; P. Wescombe (1966). Inventory of Stone-Age Sites in Lebanon: North, South and East-Central Lebanon, p. 32-33. Impr. Catholique. Retrieved 3 March 2011. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Tallon, Maurice., Tumulus et Mégalithes du Hermel et de la Beqa Nord. MUSJ, vol. 31, fasc. 3, p. 91, 1959.
  6. Fleisch, Henri., Notes de Préhistoire Libanaise : 1) Ard es Saoude. 2) La Bekaa Nord. 3) Un polissoir en plein air. BSPF, vol. 63, 1966.

Template:Archaeological steids in Lebanon Template:Shepherd Neolithic steids Template:Middle Eastren megaliths