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Hermel is located in Lebanon
Location in Lebanon
Coordinates: 34°23′29″N 36°23′45″E / 34.39139°N 36.39583°E / 34.39139; 36.39583
Kintra Lebanon
GovrenorateBeqaa Govrenorate
DestrictHermel Destrict
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)+3
Shepherd Neolithic flint tuils discovered at Kamouh el Hermel. 1. End scraper on a flake. 2. Transverse scraper an awl on a thin flake. 3. Borer on a flake blade. 4. Burin wi a wide wirkin edge on a hivy flake. Aw in matt broun flint.

Hermel (Arabic: الهرمل‎) is a toun in Beqaa Govrenorate, Lebanon. It's the caipital o the Hermel Destrict. Hermel is hame tae a Lebanese Red Cross First Aid Centre.[1]

Thare is a auncient pyramid kent as Kamouh el Hermel (Pyramid or Needle o Hermel) locatit aboot 6 kilometre (3.7 mi) sooth o the toun that is a popular attraction for local tourists.[2]

Hermel plains[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Hermel plains are a aurie o law hills aroond Hermel, throu which runs the Orontes river an several wadis, which drain intae the Homs basin. The aurie dominates the north o the Beqaa Valley an reaches north tae the mairch wi Sirie. A curious an unpublished airchaeological industrie exists frae fynds o stone tuils in this aurie. It consists o generally smaw tuils whose teepologie is limitit. It wis termit the Shepherd Neolithic industry bi Henri Fleisch.[3]

Hermel I (Mrah Abbas)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hermel I or Mrah Abbas wis discovered bi P. Billaux an Maurice Tallon an is 5 kilometre (3.1 mi) north northeast o Hermel, 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) afore reachin Mrah Abbas, next tae the road. It is locatit on an uncultivatit slopin plain leadin doun 2 kilometre (1.2 mi) frae the Orontes. The gairden revealed the remains o ten dolmens, maist o which wur biggit on a lairger foondation than the covered chamber. Some wur aiblins no covered bi tumuli an a few wur evidently no biggit tae hae cap-stanes on tap.[4]

Hermel II (Jisr el Aassi)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hermel II or Jisr el Aassi is 2 kilometre (1.2 mi) east o Hermel I near the gorge throu which the Orontes river flows. It wis foond bi P. Billaux an mentioned bi Maurice Tallon in 1958 who made a lenthy description o the lairgest tumulus in 1959.[5] The lithic industry at the site wis discussed bi Henri Fleisch in 1966.[6] Several dolmens wur foond aroond the veelage o Choueighir, aroond 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) north o the brig ower the Orontes, in an aroond the veelage extendin aboot 2 kilometre (1.2 mi) tae the north alang the track next tae the river. Some o the dolmen are inclined inwairds formin a pyramid shape. Thare is a lairge tumulus north o the veelage that is componit o massive blocks whaur pottery wis foond an datit tae the Early Bronze Age III bi Tallon.[5] Henri Fleisch foond a collection o Shepherd Neolithic flints aroond thir dolmen.[4]

Hermel III (Choueighir)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hermel III or Choueighir is a veelage on the left (wastren) bank o the Orontes an a airchaeological steid wis foond bi P. Billaux 2 kilometre (1.2 mi) tae the north o it. Flint material wis describit tae be o the Shepherd Neolithic teep an seemilar tae that o Maqne an Qaa bi Henri Fleisch in 1966, it is held in the Museum o Lebanese Prehistory.[4]

Hermel IV (Wadi el Joz)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hermel IV or Wadi el Joz is a collection o megaliths that are 1.5 kilometre (0.93 mi) east o Hermel Attika, sootheast o Hermel on dry terraces that slope towards the channel o the Orontes. It wis foond bi Mohammed Hamadé, surveyed bi P. Billaux an published bi Maurice Tallon in 1959.[5] A nummer o tumuli wur discovered in this aurie which covered chambers on rectangular foondation platforms. Thay wur uisually orientatit east tae wast wi some remnants o waws constructit o megalithic stanes. Maurice Tallon made collectins o flint an pottery frae the aurie datin tae various periods. Thir includit an incisit sherd an a tanged scraper frae the vera earliest Neolithic times, a Early Bronze Age flat scraper alang wi later Middle Bronze Age an Airn Age material.[4]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Our Centers
  2. Paul Doyle (1 Mairch 2012). Lebanon. Bradt Travel Guides. pp. 215–. ISBN 978-1-84162-370-2. Retrieved 26 September 2012.
  3. Lorraine Copeland; P. Wescombe (1965). Inventory of Stone-Age sites in Lebanon, p. 43 & 45. Imprimerie Catholique. Archived frae the original on 24 December 2011. Retrieved 21 Julie 2011.
  4. a b c d L. Copeland; P. Wescombe (1966). Inventory of Stone-Age Sites in Lebanon: North, South and East-Central Lebanon, p. 32-33. Impr. Catholique. Retrieved 3 Mairch 2011.
  5. a b c Tallon, Maurice., Tumulus et Mégalithes du Hermel et de la Beqa Nord. MUSJ, vol. 31, fasc. 3, p. 91, 1959.
  6. Fleisch, Henri., Notes de Préhistoire Libanaise : 1) Ard es Saoude. 2) La Bekaa Nord. 3) Un polissoir en plein air. BSPF, vol. 63, 1966.

Template:Archaeological steids in Lebanon Template:Shepherd Neolithic steids Template:Middle Eastren megaliths