Glycerol

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Glycerol
Glycerol
Ball-and-stick model of glycerol
Space-filling model of glycerol
Names
IUPAC name
propane-1,2,3-triol
Ither names
glycerin
glycerine
propanetriol
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
DrugBank
ECHA InfoCard 100.000.263
E nummer E422 (thickeners, ...)
KEGG
UNII
Properties
C3H8O3
Molar mass 92.09 g·mol−1
Appearance colorless liquid
hygroscopic
Odour odorless
Density 1.261 g/cm3
Meltin pynt 17.8 °C (64.0 °F; 290.9 K)
Bylin pynt 290 °C (554 °F; 563 K)
Refractive index (nD) 1.4746
Viscosity 1.412 Pa·s[1]
Hazards
NFPA 704
Flammability code 1: Must be pre-heatit afore igneetion can occur. Flash pynt ower 93 °C (200 °F). E.g., canola ileHealth code 1: Exposur would cause irritation but anly minor residual injury. E.g., turpentineReactivity code 0: Normally stable, even unner fire exposur condeetions, an is nae reactive wi watter. E.g., liquid nitrogenSpecial hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
1
1
0
Flash pynt 160 °C (320 °F) (closed cup)
176 °C (349 °F) (open cup)
Except whaur itherwise notit, data are gien for materials in thair staundart state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
YesY verify (whit is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Glycerol (or glycerine, glycerin) is a simple polyol (succar alcohol) compoond. It is a colorless, odorless, viscous liquid that is widely uised in pharmaceutical formulations. Glycerol haes three hydroxyl groups that are responsible for its solubility in watter an its hygroscopic naitur. The glycerol backbone is central tae aw lipids kent as triglycerides. Glycerol is sweet-tastin an o law toxicity.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Viscosity of Glycerol and its Aqueous Solutions". Retrieved 2011-04-19. 
  2. Lide, D. R., ed. (1994). CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds (3rd ed.). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. p. 4386. 

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