Glycerol

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Glycerol
Glycerol
Ball-and-stick model of glycerol
Space-filling model of glycerol
Sample of glycerine
Names
IUPAC name
propane-1,2,3-triol
Ither names
glycerin
glycerine
propanetriol
Identifiers
Jmol-3D images Image
ChEBI CHEBI:17522 YesY
ChEMBL ChEMBL692 YesY
ChemSpider 733 YesY
DrugBank DB04077 YesY
ECHA InfoCard 100.000.263
E nummer E422 (thickeners, ...)
KEGG D00028 YesY
UNII PDC6A3C0OX YesY
Properties
C3H8O3
Molar mass 92.09 g·mol−1
Appearance colorless liquid
hygroscopic
Odour odorless
Density 1.261 g/cm3
Meltin pynt 17.8 °C (64.0 °F; 290.9 K)
Bylin pynt 290 °C (554 °F; 563 K)
Refractive index (nD) 1.4746
Viscosity 1.412 Pa·s[1]
Hazards
Safety data sheet JT Baker
NFPA 704
Flammability code 1: Must be pre-heatit afore igneetion can occur. Flash pynt ower 93 °C (200 °F). E.g., canola ile Health code 1: Exposur would cause irritation but anly minor residual injury. E.g., turpentine Reactivity code 0: Normally stable, even unner fire exposur condeetions, an is nae reactive wi watter. E.g., liquid nitrogen Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash pynt 160 °C (320 °F) (closed cup)
176 °C (349 °F) (open cup)
Except whaur itherwise notit, data are gien for materials in thair staundart state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
YesY verify (whit is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Glycerol (or glycerine, glycerin) is a simple polyol (succar alcohol) compoond. It is a colorless, odorless, viscous liquid that is widely uised in pharmaceutical formulations. Glycerol haes three hydroxyl groups that are responsible for its solubility in watter an its hygroscopic naitur. The glycerol backbone is central tae aw lipids kent as triglycerides. Glycerol is sweet-tastin an o law toxicity.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Viscosity of Glycerol and its Aqueous Solutions". Retrieved 2011-04-19. 
  2. Lide, D. R., ed. (1994). CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds (3rd ed.). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. p. 4386. 

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