Refractive index

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In optics the refractive index or index o refraction n o a substance (optical medium) is a dimensionless nummer that describes hou licht, or ony ither radiation, propagates through that medium. It is defined as


whaur c is the speed o licht in vacuum an v is the speed o licht in the substance. For example, the refractive index o watter is 1.33, meanin that licht travels 1.33 times slower in watter nor it daes in vacuum. (See typical values for different materials here.)