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Ghasm is locatit in Syria
Coordinates: 32°32′44″N 36°22′33″E / 32.54556°N 36.37583°E / 32.54556; 36.37583
Kintra  Sirie
Governorate Daraa Govrenorate
Destrict Daraa Destrict
Nahiyah al-Jiza
Elevation 531 m (1,742 ft)
Population (2004 census)[1]
 • Tot 3,666
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Simmer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Ghasm (Arabic: غصم‎, spelt Ghasam) is a veelage in southern Sirie, admeenistratively pairt o the Daraa Governorate, locatit northeast o Daraa an wast o Bosra. Other nearby localities include Maarbah tae the east, al-Sahwah tae the north, al-Jiza tae wast an al-Mataaiya tae the sooth. Accordin tae the Sirie Central Bureau o Statistics (CBS), Ghasm haed a population of 3,666 in the 2004 census.[1]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

A Roman road, still in uise in the late 19t century, leads tae Ghasm.[2]

The veelage contains a ruined Byzantine-era kirk. It wis dedicatit tae the honor o Saunts Sergius an Bacchus in 593 CE.[3] The Sunni Muslim al-Miqdad clan haes been the predominant faimily in Ghasm an a nummer o nearbi touns syne the Ottoman Empire era.[4]

In 1596 Ghasm appeared in the Ottoman tax registers as Gasim an wis pairt o the nahiya o Butayna in the Qada o Hauran. It hade an entirely Muslim population consistin o 25 hoosehaulds an 12 bachelors. Taxes wur paid on wheat, baurley, simmer crops, goats an/or beehives, an a watter-mill.[5]

In 1895 travellers passin through the veelage were tauld o hou the Druze haed raidit the veelage in 1893. The veelagers haed tae rely on the Druze for the watter-course tae be led bi the veelage, an in 1894 they haed paid the Druze 200 mejidiehs.[2]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 General Census of Population and Housing 2004. Sirie Central Bureau o Statistics (CBS). Daraa Governorate. (in Arabic)
  2. 2.0 2.1 Morison, T, et al., 1911, p. 154
  3. The Homiletic review, 72. Funk and Wagnallis (1916).
  4. Batatu, 1999, p. 24.
  5. Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 214.

Bibliografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Daraa Govrenorate