Francis Bacon

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This airticle is aboot the filosofer an statesman. For the 20t century penter, see Francis Bacon (airtist).
Francis Bacon
Somer Francis Bacon.jpg
Portrait o Francis Bacon, bi Frans Pourbus (1617), Palace on the Watter in Warsaw.
Attorney General o Ingland an Wales
In office
1613–1617
Precedit bi Henry Hobart
Succeedit bi Henry Yelverton
Personal details
Born 22 January 1561
Strand, Lunnon, Ingland
Dee'd 9 Aprile 1626 (aged 65)
Highgate, Middlesex, Ingland
Naitionality Inglis
Alma mater Cambridge Varsity
Signatur

Francis Bacon, Viscoont St. Alban[lower-alpha 1] Kt PC QC (/ˈbkən/; 22 Januar 1561 – 9 Apryle 1626), wis an Inglis filosofer, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, essayist an author. He served baith as Attorney General an as Laird Chancellor o Ingland. Efter his daith, he remeened extremely influential throu his warks, especially as filosofical advocate an practeetioner o the scienteefic method in the scienteefic revolution.

Bacon haes been cried the faither o empiricism.[3] His warks argued for the possibility o scienteefic knawledge based anerly upon inductive raisonin an carefu observation o events in naitur. Maist importantly, he argued this coud be achieved bi uise o a sceptical an methodical approach whaurbi scientists aim tae avoid misleadin themsels. While his awn practical ideas aboot sic a method, the Baconian method, did nae hae a lang lastin influence, the general idea o the importance an possibility o a sceptical methodology maks Bacon the faither o scienteefic method. This merked a new turn in the rhetorical an theoretical framewark for science, the practical details o that are still central in debates aboot science an methodology the day. In addeetion tae his work in the sciences, Bacon wis an aa a venerable patron o leebrars an developed a functional seestem for the catalogin o beuks bi dividin them intae three categories- history, poesy, an filosofie- that coud forder be dividit intae mair speceefic subjects an subheidins.

Bacon wis generally neglectit at coort bi Queen Elizabeth, but efter the accession o Keeng James I in 1603, Bacon wis knichtit. He wis later creautit Baron Verulam in 1618[4] an Viscoont St. Alban in 1621.[5][lower-alpha 2] Acause he haed na heirs, baith teetles becam extinct upon his daith in 1626, at 65 years o age. Bacon dee'd o pneumonia, wi ane accoont bi John Aubrey statin that he haed contractit the condeetion while studyin the effects o freezin on the preservation o meat. He is buiried at St Michael's Kirk, St Albans, Hertfordshire.[6]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Thare is some confusion ower the spellin o "Viscoont St. Alban". Some soorces, sic as the Dictionary of National Biography (1885) an the Encyclopædia Britannica (11t ed., 1911), spell the teetle wi "St. Albans"; ithers, sic as the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (2007), spell it "St. Alban".[1][2]
  2. Contemporar spellin, uised bi Bacon himsel in his letter o thanks tae the keeng for his elevation.Birch, Thomas (1763). Letters, Speeches, Charges, Advices, &c of Lord Chancellor Bacon. 6. London: Andrew Millar. pp. 271–2. OCLC 228676038. 

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Fowler 1885, p. 346.
  2. Chisholm 1911.
  3. "Empiricism: The influence of Francis Bacon, John Locke, and David Hume". Sweet Briar College. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2013-07-08. Retrieved 21 October 2013. 
  4. Adamson (1878), p. 200.
  5. Peltonen (2007).
  6. Wilson, Scott. Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons, 3d ed.: 2 (Kindle Locations 2105-2106). McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers. Kindle Edition.

Soorces[eedit | eedit soorce]