France Gall

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France Gall
Eurovision Song Contest 1965 - France Gall 3
Background information
Birth name Isabelle Geneviève Marie Anne Gall
Forby kent as France Gall
Born 9 October 1947(1947-10-09)
Paris, Fraunce
Oreigin Paris, France
Deid 7 Januar 2018 (aged 70)
Genres Yé-yé, pop, synthpop
Thrift Sangster
Years active 1963–1997
Labels WEA France
Philips France
Associate acts Michel Berger, Serge Gainsbourg

France Gall (born Isabelle Geneviève Marie Anne Gall on 9 October 1947; died 7 Januar 2018) wis a popular French yé-yé sangster.

Gall wis marriet tae, an haed a successfu singin career in pairtnership wi, French sangster-sangwriter Michel Hamburger, whose stage name is Michel Berger.

Early years[eedit | eedit soorce]

Gall wis born in Paris. Her faither wis lyricist Robert Gall, an her mither, Cécile Berthier, wis the daughter o Paul Berthier, co-founder of Petits Chanteurs à la Croix de Bois. (This made her cousin the guitarist Denys Lable an componer Vincent Berthier de Lioncourt, as well as niece the Jacques Berthier.) The sole daughter of her faimily, she haed twa brothers, Patrice an Claude.

In spring 1963, Robert Gall encouraged his daughter tae record sangs an send the demos the music publisher Denis Bourgeois. That Julie, she auditioned for Bourgeois at the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées in Paris, efter which Bourgeois wanted tae sign her immediately. France wis subsequently signed wi Philips.

At the time, Bourgeois wis wirkin for the label as Artistic Director for Serge Gainsbourg an assued this role for Gall as well. He encouraged her tae record fower tracks wi French jazz musician, arranger an composer Alain Goraguer.

Early career[eedit | eedit soorce]

The first airplay o France's first single "Ne sois pas si bête" ("Don't Be So Stupid"), occurred on her 16t birthday. It wis released in November an became a hit, selling 200,000 copies.[1] Serge Gainsbourg, who haed released several albums an written sangs for singers includin Michèle Arnaud an Juliette Gréco, wis asked bi Bourgeois tae write sangs for Gall. Gainsbourg's "N'écoute pas les idoles" ("Don't listen to the Idols") became Gall's seicont single; it reached the tap of the French charts in Mairch 1964 an stayed on tap for three weeks.

At the same time, Gall made her live debut, openin for Sacha Distel in Belgium. She teamed up wi Distel's business manager, Maurice Tézé, who wis a leericist an aw. This alloued her tae creaut a oreeginal repertoire, unlik the majority o her contemporars ("yéyés") who sang adaptations o Anglophone hits. Housomeivver, unner the influence frae this team o muisic veterans, Gall struggled tae defend her personal choice o material.

In addeetion tae sangs written bi her faither, Gall's success in the 1960s wis biggit on sangs written bi some o the biggest names amang French componers an leericists: Gérard Bourgeois, Jean-Pierre Bourtayre, Vline Buggy Pierre Cour, Joe Dassin, Jacques Datin, Pierre Delanoë, Jean Dréjac, Alain Goraguer, Hubert Giraud, Georges Liferman, Guy Magenta, Eddy Marnay, Jean-Michel Rivat, Jean-Max Rivière, Frank Thomas, Maurice Vidalin, André Popp, Gilles Thibaut, an Jean Wiener.

Gall's sangs eften featurt lyrics based on a stereotypical view o the teenage mind. Elaborate orchestrations bi Alain Goraguer blendit styles, permitting her tae navigate atween jazz, childer's sangs, an onything in atween. Examples of this mixed-genre style includit "Jazz à gogo" (leerics b Robert Gall an muisic bi Goraguer) an "Mes premières vraies vacances" (bi Datin-Vidalin).

Gall an Gainsbourg's association producit mony popular singles, continuin throu the simmer o 1964 wi the hit sang "Laisse tomber les filles" ("Niver Mind the Girls") follaeed bi "Christiansen" bi Datin-Vidalin. Gainsbourg secretly recordit Gall's lauchter tae uise on Pauvre Lola an aw, a track on his 1964 album Gainsbourg Percussions.

Regardin her association wi Gainsbourg at this time, Gall said, "This is someane A haed the pleasur tae see acause A admired him an likit wha he wrote. An A likit his shyness, his elegance an his eddication. It wis a vera pleasant relationship. . . . A wis vera impressed that this man wirkit for me an cared aboot me . . . "[2]

1965[eedit | eedit soorce]

Haein previously resistit, Gall gae in tae her managers at the end o 1964 an recordit a single intendit for childer. The sang "Sacré Charlemagne," written bi her faither, an set tae the muisic o George Liferman, wis a hit in 1965, sellin 2 million copies an peakin at nummer ane.[3]

Eurovision[eedit | eedit soorce]

Gall wis then selectit tae represent Luxembourg in the Eurovision Song Contest 1965. Oot o the 10 sangs proponit tae her, she chose Gainsbourg's "Poupée de cire, poupée de son."[4] On 20 Mairch 1965, Gainsbourg, Gall, an Goraguer attendit the feenals o the sang contest in Naples, whaur the sang wis "allegitly booed in rehearsals for strayin so far frae the sort o sang uisually heard in the Contest at this point."[5]

Awtho the delivery durin the live shaw mey no hae been Gall's strangest performance—ane creetic writes that Gall's performance wis "far frae perfect",[6] anither notes that her vyce wis oot of tune an her complexion pale,[7] an when Gall cried her lover at the time Claude François immediately efter the performance, he shoutit at her, "You sang aff key. You wur terrible!"[8]—the sang impressed the jury an it teuk the Grand Prix.[9] Success at Eurovision ensured that Gall became even mair kent ootside Europe an she recordit "Poupée de cire, poupée de son" in French, German, Italian, an Japanese. Thare appears tae be nae Inglis version released bi France Gall hersel, awtho thare wis a Inglis civer bi the Inglis 1960s starn Twinkle.[10]

Sylvie Simmons, in her biografie o Gainsbourg, wrote that on the surface, the sang appears tae be naething but catchy Eurovision fodder, but "closer examination revealed perspicacious leerics aboot the airnies an incongruities inherent in baby pop. That the sangs young fowk turn tae for help in their first attempts at discoverin wha life an luve are aboot are sung bi fowk too young an inexperiencit thairsels tae be o hintle assistance, an condemned bi their celebrity tae be unlikely tae suin fynd oot."[11] At a young age, France Gall wis too naïve tae unnerstaund the seicont meanin o the leerics. But later on she felt she wis manipulatit an uised bi Gainsbourg throuoot this period, maist notably efter the sang "Les Sucettes".

Simmer tour[eedit | eedit soorce]

In the simmer o 1965, France Gall toured Fraunce for several months wi "Le Grand Cirque de France" ("The Great Circus o Fraunce"), a combination o radio shaw an live circus. Her singles continued tae chairt successfully, includin the Gainsbourg-penned "Attends ou va-t'en" ("Wait for me, or go awa") an "Nous ne sommes pas des anges" ("We are no angels"). She haed a hit wi the sang "Amérique" ("America") bi Eddy Marnay an Guy Magenta an aw.

Summar[eedit | eedit soorce]

Stewart Mason sums up this early period o Gall's career, culminatin in the Eurovision win:

[A]lthough many dismissed Gall as a Francophone Lesley Gore, making fluffy and ultra-commercial pop hits with little substance, Gall's hits from this era stand up far better than most. Only Francoise Hardy was consistently making records up to these standards during this era. Though Gall's high, breathy voice was admittedly somewhat limited, she made the most of it. Even dopey hits like "Sacre Charlemagne," a duet with a pair of puppets who were the stars of a children's show on French TV, have an infectious, zesty charm; meatier tunes, like the sultry jazz-tinged ballad "Pense a Moi" and the brilliant rocker "Laisse Tomber les Filles," were as good as any single produced in the U.S. or Great Britain at the time.[12]

Film opportunities[eedit | eedit soorce]

Efter a TV film directit bi Jean-Christophe Averty an dedicatit tae the sangs o Gall wis distributit in the Unitit States in 1965, Gall wis socht bi Walt Disney tae appear as Alice in a muisical film version o Alice in Wonderland, efter haein awready made Alice intae a cartoon in 1951. Awtho Gall haed insistit she did no want tae acome involvit in film wirk, this wis the anerly project which appealed tae her. The project wis cancelled efter Disney's daith in 1966.

In 1966 Gall appeared in the televeesion film Viva Morandi, made in the same psychoanalytical mould as the (1965) Federico Fellini film Giulietta degli Spiriti ("Juliet o the Spirits"). Gall played "La Grâce" alangside Christine Lebail who plays "La Pureté", baith singin Les Sucettes in a segment which wis prominently labelled "Fantasy", in a clear reference tae the sang's sexual unnertones.

She wis approached bi director Bernardo Bertolucci for the leadin female role in Last Tango in Paris (1972). Housomeivver, she firmly rejectit this affer.

Gall ance again considered appearin on screen in 1993 for a cinematographic collaboration wi her best friend, the screenplay writer Telsche Boorman. Lik the Disney film, this planned project wis niver completit due tae the daith o Boorman in 1996.

In a featur film titled Gainsbourg (Vie héroïque) released in Fraunce in Januar 2010, which is based on the graphic novel bi the writer-director of the film, Joann Sfar, Gall is portrayed bi Sara Forestier.

1966[eedit | eedit soorce]

At the beginnin o 1965 Gall released Baby pop, anither sang written bi Gainsbourg, but whose dark unnertones are no easily perceivit when ane hears the sang as sung bi the then 18 year-auld girl. Housomeivver, the unnertones in her next hit song wur no sae easily missed, an caused a scandal when it wis released. Gainsbourg deliberately filled the sang Les Sucettes ("Lollipops") wi double-meanins an strang sexual innuendo. On the surface, the leerics tell the innocent tale o a girl namit Annie who enjoys lollipops. Housomeivver, it is clear that Gainsbourg intentionally creatit the theme as a metaphor for oral sex. Awtho a big hit, the sang sat in stark contrast tae genuinely innocent sangs on the same album sic as Je me marie en blanc ("White Weddin") an Ça me fait rire ("It maks me lauch").

Even some o her childer’s sangs recordit in 1966, for example, Les Leçons particulières ("private lessons"), hae no been spared pernicious assumptions. It wis no helpful when Jean-Christophe Averty choreographed a troupe o men on aw fowers tae illustrate her childer's sang J'ai retrouvé mon chien ("A'e foond ma dug") on his televeesion program Les Raisins verts ("Green grapes").[13]

Psychedelic era an transition tae adultheid[eedit | eedit soorce]

At the beginnin o the year 1967, Gall sang a duet wi Maurice Biraud, La Petite, which describes a young girl covetit bi a friend o her faither. The controversy ower this performance owershadaeed her release that year o Gainsbourg’s poetic Néfertiti.

Her next single wis recordit wi the orchestration o Inglis componer David Whitaker. New authors Frank Thomas an Jean-Michel Rivat wur brocht on buird. Thay wrote Bébé requin (Baby Shark), a sang which met wi some success for Gall.

This wis follaeed bi Teenie Weenie Boppie, an anti-LSD sang bi Gainsbourg, which haes been describit as "a bizarre tune aboot a deidly LSD trip that somehou involves Mick Jagger."[12] Gainsbourg then sang a anti-caipital punishment sang wi Gall, Qui se souvient de Caryl Chessman? ("Onyane remember Caryl Chessman?"), aboot the daith row preesoner.[14]

Stewart Mason wrote aboot this period: "The psychedelic era found Gall, under Gainsbourg's guidance, singing increasingly strange songs . . . set to some of Gainsbourg's most out-there arrangements."[12]

Her next record C'est toi que je veux, again wi Whitaker, failed tae mak a impact an aw.

Wi this string o recordins in the late 1960s, nane o thaim a unmitigatit success, an makkin the transition frae teen-age tae adult performer, Gall facit some challenges in this period throu the early 1970s. Mason wrote:

No longer a teenager, but without a new persona to redefine herself with, (and without the help of Gainsbourg, whose time was taken by his own albums and those of his wife Jane Birkin), Gall floundered both commercially and artistically. A label change from Philips to BASF in 1972 didn't help matters . . . "[12]

German career[eedit | eedit soorce]

Awtho strugglin in her hame kintra, Gall regularly recordit in Germany frae 1966 tae 1972, in pairticular wi the componer an orchestrator Werner Müller. She haed a successfu German career wi sangs bi Horst Buchholz an Giorgio Moroder: Love, l'amour und liebe (1967), Hippie, hippie (1968), Ich liebe dich, so wie du bist (A luve you the wey you are) (1969) an Mein Herz kann man nicht kaufen (MA hert is no for sale) (1970). Some o her ither German hits includit: Haifischbaby (Bébé requin), Die schönste Musik, die es gibt (The maist bonnie muisic thare is/Muisic Tae Watch Girls Bi), Was will ein Boy (Wha daes a boy want?) (1967), Ja, ich sing (Yes, A sing), A Banda (Zwei Apfelsinen im Haar) (Twa oranges in ma hair), Der Computer Nr. 3 (1968), Ein bisschen Goethe, ein bisschen Bonaparte (A little Goethe, a little Bonaparte), I like Mozart (1969), Dann schon eher der Piano player (Then rather the piano player) (1970), Komm mit mir nach Bahia, Miguel (Come wi me tae Bahia, Miguel) (1972).

Post-Gainsbourg career[eedit | eedit soorce]

New label, new beginnins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Gall haed several ither releases in Fraunce in 1968, nane o which aroused ony great interest. At the end o 1968, on reachin the age o 21, Gall separatit frae Denis Bourgeois an stretched her wings upon the expiration o her contract wi Philips.

She muivit tae a new record label, "La Compagnie", born frae the association o airtists Hugues Aufray, Nicole Croisille an Michel Colombier. At "La Compagnie", Gall made a nummer o recordins, but she niver succeedit in fyndin a coherent style wi Norbert Saada as airtistic director. She went her awn wey in 1969 wi twa adaptations: ane Italian an the ither Breetish: L'Orage / La Pioggia) ("The Storm") which she sang wi Gigliola Cinquetti at the 1969 San Remo Muisic Festival, an Les Années folles ("Gentlemen Please"), creatit bi Barbara Ruskin. Her sangs Des gens bien élevés, La Manille et la révolution, Zozoï an Éléphants wur lairgely ignored. Mairower, "La Compagnie" went bankrupt.

The early seventies continued tae be a barren period for Gall. Awtho she wis the first airtist tae be recordit in Fraunce for Atlantic Records in 1971, her singles C'est cela l'amour (1971) an Chasse neige (1971), faltered in the chairts. In 1972, Gall, for the last time, recordit sangs bi Gainsbourg, Frankenstein an Les Petits ballons, but thir failed tae chairt an aw. The results o her collaboration wi Jean-Michel Rivat as airtistic director, La Quatrieme chose (1972, suspiciously seemilar tae Bread's "Everything I Own") an Par plaisir or Plus haut que moi (1973) did no meet wi commercial success. While offeecially done wi Gainsbourg, a auld flame an producer frae her Gainsbourg days, invitit France Gall on televeesion tae sing a medley o auld sangs frae thair time thegither, which in includit "Poupee de cire, Poupee de son". Frae the 1970s onwairds, Gall stairtit regularly visitin Senegal, which she luvit. She bocht her hideawa thare on the island o N'Gor, close tae Dakar in 1990.

Michel Berger[eedit | eedit soorce]

France Gall wis seducit bi Michel Berger’s muisic when she heard his sang Attends-moi ("Wait for Me") ane day in 1973. Durin a later radio broadcast, she asked him for his opinion on sangs which her then producer wanted her tae record. Awtho he wis disconcertit bi the quality o the sangs, thare wad be nae quaisten o collaboration.

Anly sax months later, in 1974, efter she sang vocals on the sang Mon fils rira du rock'n'roll on Berger's new album, Gall's publisher askit him, at her behest, tae write for her. Gall haed awready made her mind up that "It will be him or else it will be naebody" (documentar France 3 France Gall by France Gall). Sicweys, in 1974, La Déclaration d'amour wis tae be the first in a lang line o hits which markit a turnin pynt in Gall’s career.

Meanwhile, the twa airtists, whose affinities became mair nor muisical, marriet on 22 Juin 1976. France Gall shared years o wirk an faimily life wi Michel Berger. The couple haed twa childer.

Muisicals[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 1978, pushed bi Berger, she ance again trod the buirds o the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées whaur she haed auditioned 15 years earlier, starrin in a shaw entitled "Made in France". The maist novel aspect o this shaw wis that, except for the Brazilian drag act Les Étoiles, the members o the orchestra, choir an the dance troupe wur exclusively female.[15] In this shaw, France sang Maria vai com as outras the oreeginal, Brazilian (Portuguese) version o Plus haut que moi.

In 1979, Gall teuk pairt in a new shaw which remains memorable for mony. Componit bi Michel Berger an written bi the Québécois author Luc Plamondon, the rock opera Starmania enjoyed a success no uisual for muisicals in Fraunce. The shaw played for ane month at Palais des congrès de Paris.

In 1982, Gall rehearsed in the Palais des Sports o Paris tae present Tout pour la musique, a innovative spectacle markit bi its uise o electronic muisic. The sangs Résiste an Il jouait du piano debout ("He played the piano standing") quickly became French pop staundarts.

1980s an humanitarian projects[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 1985, France Gall jynt Chanteurs Sans Frontières, on the initiative of Valerie Lagrange. She worked for S.O.S Ethiopie for the benefit of Ethiopia unner the aegis of Renaud an aw.

At the same time, she gae a successfu series of concerts lasting three weeks at the new venue Zénith in Paris, whaur she performed new sangs lik Débranche ("Loosen-up"), Hong-Kong Star, an gae solit acoustic performances o Plus haut, Diego libre dans sa tête an Cézanne peint.

In 1985 an 1986, Gall worked wi Berger, Richard Berry, Daniel Balavoine an Lionel Rotcage for the benefit of Action Écoles, an organisation of schoolboy volunteers which collects essential fuid products in France for African countries whaur faimin an drocht prevail. On 14 Januar 1986, during a trip tae Africae, Balavoine tragically perished in a helicopter crash. In 1987, she sang Évidemment, written bi Berger an sung bi Gall, wis a muivin homage tae thair lost friend. The song appeared on the album Babacar.

Gall topped the pop charts in mony countries in 1987 an 1988 wi anither song frae the Babacar album, Ella, elle l'a ("Ella, she's got it"), a Berger tribute tae Ella Fitzgerald.

Follaein the release of Babacar, Gall launched a new shaw produced bi Berger. Openin at Le Zénith, the successfu production toured throughout Europe, an gae rise tae the live album Le Tour de France '88.

The 1990s an later[eedit | eedit soorce]

Gall teuk a break frae singin in the early 1990s an did no record ony mair for several years tae come. She did, housomeivver, mak a album cried Double Jeu wi Berger.

Follaein the release o Double Jeu, Gall an Berger annooncit a series o concerts in various Parisian venues, sic as La Cigale an Bercy. This project wis nearly cancelled bi Berger's daith frae a hert attack on 2 August 1992.

Awtho Gall wis strangly affectit bi Berger's daith, she wantit tae complete the project thay haed planned. Housomeivver, she decidit tae commit tae the performances at the Bercy an promotit the sangs that she an Berger creatit thegither. Housomeivver, Gall wis diagnosed wi breast cancer in Apryle 1993, which wis successfully treatit. She feenally performit at the Bercy in September. Aw the sangs she performit wur written bi Michel Berger frae Double Jeu, an frae thair discografies.

A year later, she went back on stage an performit in a new shaw in the Pleyel in Paris featurin new muisickers. The repertoire featurt sangs written exclusively bi Berger tho Gall included her ain versions of sangs oreeginally performed bi others.

In 1996, Gall asked Jean-Luc Godard tae produce the video clip of her sang "Plus haut", taken frae her album "France". Godard initially refused Gall's offer but later agreed, an directed a dreamy, picturesque video entitled "Plus Oh!" near his residence in Rolle, Switzerland. It wis gie its first an anerly airing on the 20t of Apryle 1996 on the French televeesion channel M6.

Efter a year in Los Angeles, she released her aicht studio album, France in 1996. The album featurt Gall's awn interpretations o some o Michel Berger's sangs. In 1996, Gall finally decidit tae appear as a heidline airtist at the legendary venue for French artists, the Paris Olympia. In 1997, she annoonced her retirement an recorded a unpluggit shaw for French televeesion showcasin sangs frae her final album.

In December 1997, Pauline, Gall's elder daughter wi Michel Berger, died frae complications of cystic fibrosis. Her illness wis never made public. Her son Raphael is a music supervisor.

Syne the daith of her daughter Gall haes made anerly occasional public appearances. As a farewell tae her career, a documentary movie wis shot in 2001, France Gall par France Gall, directed bi Eric Guéret. Nine million fan tuned in tae watch the documentary when it aired on French televeesion that year. She staged an appeared in the 2007 France 2 documentary "Tous pour la musique" an aw merkin the fifteenth anniversary of Michel Berger's daith.

The day she is a patron for French charity Coeurs de Femmes – a group helpin homeless weemen.

Discografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Albums[eedit | eedit soorce]

Singles[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • October 1963 – "Ne sois pas si bête", adaptation bi Pierre Delanoë of "Stand a little closer", oreeginal words an music bi Jack Wolf an Maurice "Bugs" Bower
  • 1964 – "N'écoute pas les idoles", words an music bi Gainsbourg
  • 1964 – "Jazz à gogo", words bi Robert Gall music bi Alain Goraguer
  • 1964 – "Laisse tomber les filles", words an music bi Gainsbourg
  • 1964 – "Sacré Charlemagne", words bi Robert Gall an music bi Georges Liferman
  • 1965 – "Poupée de cire, poupée de son", words an music bi Gainsbourg
  • 1965 – "Attends ou va-t'en", words an music bi Gainsbourg
  • 1965 – "Nous ne sommes pas des anges", words an music bi Gainsbourg
  • 1965 – "Baby pop", words an music bi Gainsbourg
  • 1966 – "Les Sucettes", words an music bi Gainsbourg
  • 1967 – "Néfertiti", words an music bi Gainsbourg
  • 1967 – "Bébé requin", words bi Jean-Michel Rivat an Frank Thomas, music bi Joe Dassin
  • 1967 – "Toi que je veux", words bi Jean-Michel Rivat an Frank Thomas, music bi Joe Dassin
  • 1968 – "Le Temps du tempo", words bi Robert Gall an music bi Alain Goraguer
  • 1968 – "Y'a du soleil à vendre", words bi Robert Gall an music bi Hubert Giraud
  • 1968 – "24 / 36", words bi Jean-Michel Rivat an Frank Thomas, music bi Joe Dassin
  • 1969 – "Homme tout petit", words bi Jean-Michel Rivat an Frank Thomas, music bi Jean-Pierre Bourtayre
  • 1969 – "Les Années folles", adaptation bi Boris Bergman of the Breetish song "Gentlemen Please", oreeginal words an music bi Barbara Ruskin
  • 1969 – "Baci, baci, baci", adaptation bi Eddy Marnay frae Italian lyrics bi Sergio Bardotti an Claudio Tallino an music bi Franco an Giorgio Bracardi
  • 1970 – "Zozoï", words bi Robert Gall an music bi Nelson Angelo
  • 1970 – "Les Éléphants", words bi Jean Schmitt an music bi Jean Géral
  • 1971 – "C'est cela l'amour", words bi Jacques Lanzmann an music bi Paul-Jean Borowsky
  • 1971 – "Chasse neige", words bi Étienne Roda-Gil an music bi Julien Clerc
  • 1972 – "Frankenstein", words an music bi Gainsbourg
  • 1972 – "5 minutes d'amour", words bi Jean-Michel Rivat an Frank Thomas, music bi Roland Vincent
  • 1973 – "Plus haut que moi", adaptation bi Yves Dessca an Jean-Michel Rivat of "Maria vai com as outras" bi Toquinho an Vinicius de Moraes
  • 1973 – "Par Plaisir", words bi Yves Dessca an Jean-Michel Rivat, music bi Roland Vincent
  • Mey 1974 – "La Déclaration d'amour", words an music bi Michel Hamburger (Michel Berger)
  • October 1974 – "Mais, aime la", words an music bi Berger
  • 1975 – "Comment lui dire", words an music bi Berger
  • Apryle 1976 – "Ce soir je ne dors pas"
  • Juin 1976 – " Ça balance pas mal à Paris" (duet wi Michel Berger), words an music bi Berger
  • Mey 1977 – "Musique", words an music bi Berger
  • October 1977 – "Si, maman si"
  • Januar 1978 – "Le meilleur de soi-même"
  • Mairch 1978 – "Viens je t'emmène", words an music bi Berger
  • Januar 1979 – "Besoin d'amour", words bi Luc Plamondon an music bi Berger
  • Juin 1980 – "Il jouait du piano debout", words an music bi Berger
  • October 1980 – "Bébé, comme la vie", words an music bi Berger
  • October 1980 – "Donner pour donner" (duet wi Elton John), words bi Michel Berger an Bernie Taupin, music bi Michel Berger – Archives INA : Reportage Antenne 2, 1981
  • 1981 – "Tout pour la musique", words an music bi Berger
  • 1981 – "Résiste", words an music bi Berger
  • Mey 1981 – "Amor También", words an music bi Berger
  • 6 Apryle 1984 – "Débranche", words an music bi Berger
  • 17 September 1984 – "Hong Kong Star", words an music bi Berger – Archives INA : Extrait de "Hong Kong Star", Antenne 2, 1984 FR #6
  • 4 Februar 1984 – "Calypso", words an music bi Berger
  • 20 Mey 1984 – "Cézanne peint", words an music bi Berger
  • 3 Apryle 1987 – "Babacar", words an music bi Berger FR #11 GER #14
  • 24 August 1987 – "Ella, elle l'a", words an music bi Berger FR #2 GER #1 NL #38
  • 7 Mairch 1988 – "Évidemment", words an music bi Berger
  • 12 September 1988 – "Papillon de nuit", words an music bi Berger
  • 20 Mairch 1989 – "La chanson d'Azima"
  • 29 Mey 1992 – "Laissez passez les rêves", words an music bi Berger, duet wi Michel Berger
  • 12 October 1992 – "Superficiel et léger"
  • 15 Januar 1993 – "Les élans du coeur"
  • 6 Mey 1993 – "Mademoiselle Chang" (live)
  • 5 November 1993 – "Si, maman si" (live)
  • December 1993 – "Il jouait du piano debout" (live)
  • 2 Februar 1994 – "La négresse blonde" (live)
  • 15 Mairch 1994 – "Paradis Blanc" (live)
  • 14 November 1994 – "Les princes des villes"
  • 15 Mairch 1996 – "Plus haut"
  • 5 November 1996 – "Privée d'amour"
  • 25 October 1996 – "Message personnel"
  • 14 Februar 1997 – "Résiste" (remix)
  • 15 Mey 1997 – "Attends ou va-t'en" (live)
  • 2004 – "Zozoï" – Reissue of 1970 single
  • 20 August 2004 – "La seule chose qui compte"

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Made In France: France Gall's Baby Pop. RPM International. 2012. p. 1. 
  2. France Gall par France Gall, autoportrait télévisé (France 3, 2001), quotit in the French Wikipedia article about France Gall. Oreeginal quote: « C’est quelqu’un que j’avais du plaisir à voir parce que je l’admirais et j’aimais ce qu’il écrivait. Et j’aimais bien sa timidité, son élégance et son éducation. C’était très agréable comme relation. […] J’étais très impressionnée que cet homme travaille pour moi et s’intéresse à moi… »
  3. Billboard Magazine, March 1965. Retrieved 2012-09-09. 
  4. France GALL, Serge GAINSBOURG & Alain GORAGUER (28 March 1965). à propos du Grand Prix de l'Eurovision. ORTF/Institut National de l'Audiovisuel. 
  5. Jamie McCloughlin. A Bluffer's Guide to Eurovision. 13 July 2009. Accessed 20 February 2012. http://boombangablog.merseyblogs.co.uk/2009/07/eurovision-1965-ireland-makes.html
  6. All Kind of Everything: The Irish Eurovision Web Site. LUXEMBOURG 1965 - ”Poupée De Cire, Poupée De Son”. http://www.keithm.utvinternet.ie/Poupee.htm
  7. Martine Bordeneuve. Jukebox Magazine, No. 20, July–August 1988. Quoted in French Wikipedia article Poupée de cire, poupée de son, access 20 February 2012. Original text: « Le 20 mars, devant 150 millions de téléspectateurs, la voix tremblante et le teint pâle, elle interprète sa chanson. Plébiscitée par le jury à la majorité absolue, elle se trouve propulsée à la première place. . . . »
  8. Gilles Verlant. Gainsbourg (biography). Albin Michel, Paris, 2000. ISBN 2-226-12060-2. Quotit in French Wikipaedia airticle Poupée de cire, poupée de son. The complete quote: « Pire que ça : Cloclo, son fiancé secret, au lieu de la féliciter, se met à hurler dans le combiné « Tu as chanté faux, tu étais nulle… »
  9. France GALL, Serge GAINSBOURG & Alain GORAGUER (20 March 1965). à propos du Grand Prix de l'Eurovision. ORTF/Institut National de l'Audiovisuel. 
  10. Twinkle. Album: Golden Lights. A Lonely Singing Doll. ASIN: B0019BF9Z0. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B0019BF9Z0/ref=dm_sp_alb?ie=UTF8&qid=1329777793&sr=8-1, viewed 20 February 2012.
  11. Sylvie Simmons, Serge Gainsbourg: A Fistful of Gitanes, ISBN 978-0-306-81183-8, page 42
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 Mason, Stewart. France Gall biography, all Music Guide, http://www.allmusic.com/artist/france-gall-p212397/biography, accessed 20 February 2012.
  13. Video: France Gall - J'ai Retrouvé Mon Chien 1966. http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x425tg_france-gall-j-ai-retrouve-mon-chien_music. Viewed 20 February 2012.
  14. Bouvier, Y.-F.; S. Vincendet (2005). L'Integral et cætera. Éditions Bartillat. ISBN 2-84100-341-8. 
  15. France GALL (9 April 1978). France GALL sur son concert au Théâtre des Champs Elysées. ORTF/Institut National de l'Audiovisuel. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Awairds an achievements
Precedit bi
Italy Gigliola Cinquetti
with "Non ho l'età"
Winner o the Eurovision Song Contest
1965
Succeedit bi
Austrick Udo Jürgens
with "Merci, Chérie"
Precedit bi
Hugues Aufray
Luxembourg in the Eurovision Song Contest
1965
Succeedit bi
Michèle Torr