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Fethullah Gülen, 1998
|Born||27 Aprile 1941|
Pasinler, Erzurum, Turkey
|Orthodox Islamic thocht, Islamic conservatism, eddication, interfaith dialogue amang the Fowk o the Beuk, Sufism|
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Robert A. Hunt, Yuksel A. Aslandogan, Muslim Citizens of the Globalized World: Contributions of the Gulen Movement, p 85. ISBN 1597840734
- Duderija, Adis (2014). Maqasid al-Shari’a and Contemporary Reformist Muslim Thought: An Examination.
Still, Gulen repeatedly states that he propagates neither tajdīd, nor ijtihād, nor reform and that he is just a follower of Islam, simply a Muslim. He is very careful about divorcing himself from any reformist, political, or Islamist discourse. Gulen's conscious dislike of using Islam as a discursive political instrument, which was a distinct trait in Nursi as well, indicates an ethicalized approach to Islam from a spiritual perspective.
- Erol Nazim Gulay, The Theological thought of Fethullah Gulen: Reconciling Science and Islam (St. Antony's College Oxford University May 2007). p. 57
- Erol Nazim Gulay (Mey 2007). "The Theological thought of Fethullah Gulen: Reconciling Science and Islam" (PDF). St. Antony's College Oxford University. p. 56.
- "Fethullah Gülen's Official Web Site - Fethullah Gülen in Short". En.fgulen.com. 30 September 2009. Archived frae the original on 15 September 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
- Helen Rose Fuchs Ebaugh, The Gülen Movement: A Sociological Analysis of a Civic Movement Rooted in Moderate Islam, p 26. ISBN 1402098944
- "Fethullah Gülen's Official Web Site - Gülen's Works". En.fgulen.com. Archived frae the original on 11 September 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
- Bilefsky, Dan; Arsu, Sebnem (24 Apryle 2012). "Turkey Feels Sway of Fethullah Gulen, a Reclusive Cleric". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 8 Mairch 2016.