Ferdinand Magellan

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Ferdinand Magellan (1480–1521; Portuguese: Fernão de Magalhães; Spainyie: Fernando de Magallanes) wis a Portuguese explorer. He wis born in Sabrosa, in northren Portugal, but later obtained Spainyie naitionality in order tae serve Keeng Charles I o Spain in search o a wastward route tae the "Spice Islands" (modren Maluku Islands in Indonesie).

Magellan's expedeetion o 1519–1522 became the first expedeetion tae sail frae the Atlantic Ocean intae the Pacific Ocean (then named "peaceful sea" bi Magellan; the passage bein made via the Strait o Magellan), an the first tae cross the Pacific. It an aa completit the first circumnavigation o the Yird, awtho Magellan hissel did no complete the entire voyage, bein killed durin the Battle o Mactan in the Philippines. (Magellan haed, housomeivver, travelled eastwards tae the Malay Peninsula on an earlier voyage, sae he became ane o the first explorers tae cross aw o the meridians o the globe.) O the 237 men who set oot on five ships, ae 18 completit the circumnavigation an managed tae return tae Spain in 1522,[1][2] led bi the Basque navigator Juan Sebastián Elcano, who teuk ower command o the expedeetion efter Magellan's daith. Seiventeen ither men arrived later in Spain: twelve men captured bi the Portuguese in Cape Verde some weeks earlier an atween 1525 an 1527, an five survivors o the Trinidad.

Magellan an aa gies his name tae the Magellanic Penguin, which he wis the first European tae note,[3] an the Magellanic clouds, nou kent tae be nearby dwarf galaxies.

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