Estonie Soviet Socialist Republic

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Estonie Soviet Socialist Republic

Eesti Nõukogude Sotsialistlik Vabariik
Эстонская Советская Социалистическая Республика
Banner o Estonie SSR
Coat o airms o Estonie SSR
Coat o airms
Location o the Estonie SSR athin the Soviet Union.
Location o the Estonie SSR athin the Soviet Union.
Common leidsEstonie
GovrenmentSoviet Socialist Republic
Historical eraWarld War II · Cauld War
16 Juin 1940
• SSR established
21 Julie 1940
• Annexed bi USSR
9 August 1940
• Soviet re-occupation
SSR re-established
• Unthirldom restored
20 August 1991
198945,227 km2 (17,462 sq mi)
• 1989
Precedit bi
Succeedit bi

The Estonie Soviet Socialist Republic (Estonie: Eesti Nõukogude Sotsialistlik Vabariik, abbreviatit as Eesti NSV or ENSV; Roushie: Эстонская Советская Социалистическая Республика, Estonskaya Sovetskaya Sotsalisticheskaya Respublika, abbreviated as ЭССР, ESSR), aften abbreviatit as Estonie SSR or ESSR, wis a republic o the Soviet Union, admeenistered bi an subordinatit tae the Govrenment o the Soviet Union.[1][2] The ESSR wis initially established on the territory o the Republic o Estonie on 21 Julie 1940, follaein the invasion o Soviet troops on 17 Juin 1940 an the installation o a puppet govrenment[3] backed bi the Soviet Union, whilk declared Estonie a Soviet state. The Estonie SSR wis subsequently incorporatit intae the USSR on 9 August 1940.[4][5] This territory wis occupeed bi Nazi Germany frae 1941 tae 1944 an aw.

Maist kintras[6] did no recognise the incorporation o Estonie de jure an anerlie recognisit its Soviet govrenment de facto or no at aw.[7][8][9] A feck o thir kintras continued tae recognise Estonie diplomats an consuls wha still functioned in the name o their umwhile govrenments.[10] This policy o nan-recognition gied rise tae the principle o legal continuity, whilk held that de jure, Estonie remained an unthirlt state unner illegal occupation throu the hale period 1940–91.[11]

The unthirldom o the Republic o Estonie wis reestablished on 20 August 1991.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Hough, Jerry F (1997). Democratization and revolution in the USSR, 1985–1991. Brookings Institution Press. ISBN 0-8157-3749-1. 
  2. "Republic, definition 3". Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. Merriam-Webster Online. 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-09. 
  3. Ronen, Yaël (2011). Transition from Illegal Regimes Under International Law. Cambridge University Press. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-521-19777-9. 
  4. The Baltic States: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania (Postcommunist States and Nations) David J. Smith from Front Matter ISBN 0-415-28580-1
  5. Estonia: Identity and Independence: Jean-Jacques Subrenat, David Cousins, Alexander Harding, Richard C. Waterhouse on Page 246. ISBN 90-420-0890-3
  6. Mälksoo, Lauri (2003). Illegal annexation and state continuity: the case of the incorporation of the Baltic states by the USSR. M. Nijhoff Publishers,. p. 76. ISBN 978-90-411-2177-6. incorporation into the Soviet Union in 1940 took place against the will of the population, and was never recognized de jure by most countries 
  7. Hiden, John (2008). The Baltic question during the Cold War. Routledge. p. 209. ISBN 0-415-37100-7.  Unkent parameter |coauthors= ignored (help)
  8. Talmon, Stefan (2001). Recognition of Governments in International Law. Oxford University Press. p. 103. ISBN 978-0-19-826573-3. 
  9. Aust, Anthony (2005). Handbook of International Law. Cambridge University Press,. p. 26. ISBN 0-521-82349-8. 
  10. Diplomats Without a Country: Baltic Diplomacy, International Law, and the Cold War by James T. McHugh , James S. Pacy, Page 2. ISBN 0-313-31878-6
  11. David James Smith, Estonia: independence and European integration, Routledge, 2001, ISBN 0-415-26728-5, pXIX

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