Estonie Soviet Socialist Republic

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Estonie Soviet Socialist Republic
Eesti Nõukogude Sotsialistlik Vabariik
Эстонская Советская Социалистическая Республика

1940–1991
Banner Coat of arms
Anthem
Anthem o the Estonie Soviet Socialist Republic
Location o the Estonie SSR athin the Soviet Union.
Caipital Tallinn
Leid(s) Estonie
Roushie
Government Soviet Socialist Republic
Historical era Warld War II · Cauld War
 - Soviet occupation 16 Juin 1940
 - SSR established 21 Julie 1940
 - Annexed bi USSR 9 August 1940
 - Nazi occupation 1941
 - Soviet re-occupation
SSR re-established
1944
 - Singin Revolution 1988
 - Unthirldom restored 20 August 1991
Aurie
 − 1989 45,227 km2 (17,462 sq mi)
Population
 − 1989 est. 1,565,662 
     Density 34.6 /km2  (89.7 /sq mi)

The Estonie Soviet Socialist Republic (Estonie: Eesti Nõukogude Sotsialistlik Vabariik, abbreviatit as Eesti NSV or ENSV; Roushie: Эстонская Советская Социалистическая Республика‎, Estonskaya Sovetskaya Sotsalisticheskaya Respublika, abbreviated as ЭССР, ESSR), aften abbreviatit as Estonie SSR or ESSR, wis a republic o the Soviet Union, admeenistered bi an subordinatit tae the Govrenment o the Soviet Union.[1][2] The ESSR wis initially established on the territory o the Republic o Estonie on 21 Julie 1940, follaein the invasion o Soviet troops on 17 Juin 1940 an the installation o a puppet govrenment[3] backed bi the Soviet Union, which declared Estonie a Soviet state. The Estonie SSR wis subsequently incorporatit intae the USSR on 9 August 1940.[4][5] This territory wis occupeed bi Nazi Germany frae 1941 tae 1944 an aw.

Maist kintras[6] did no recognise the incorporation o Estonie de jure an anerlie recognisit its Soviet govrenment de facto or no at aw.[7][8][9] A nummer o these kintras continued tae recognise Estonie diplomats an consuls who still functioned in the name o their umwhile govrenments.[10] This policy o nan-recognition gave rise tae the principle o legal continuity, which held that de jure, Estonie remained an unthirlt state unner illegal occupation throuoot the period 1940–91.[11]

The unthirldom o the Republic o Estonie wis reestablished on 20 August 1991.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Hough, Jerry F (1997). Democratization and revolution in the USSR, 1985–1991. Brookings Institution Press. ISBN 0-8157-3749-1. 
  2. "Republic, definition 3". Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. Merriam-Webster Online. 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-09. 
  3. Ronen, Yaël (2011). Transition from Illegal Regimes Under International Law. Cambridge University Press. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-521-19777-9. 
  4. The Baltic States: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania (Postcommunist States and Nations) David J. Smith from Front Matter ISBN 0-415-28580-1
  5. Estonia: Identity and Independence: Jean-Jacques Subrenat, David Cousins, Alexander Harding, Richard C. Waterhouse on Page 246. ISBN 90-420-0890-3
  6. Mälksoo, Lauri (2003). Illegal annexation and state continuity: the case of the incorporation of the Baltic states by the USSR. M. Nijhoff Publishers,. p. 76. ISBN 978-90-411-2177-6. "incorporation into the Soviet Union in 1940 took place against the will of the population, and was never recognized de jure by most countries" 
  7. Hiden, John; Vahur Made, David J. Smith (2008). The Baltic question during the Cold War. Routledge. p. 209. ISBN 0-415-37100-7. 
  8. Talmon, Stefan (2001). Recognition of Governments in International Law. Oxford University Press. p. 103. ISBN 978-0-19-826573-3. 
  9. Aust, Anthony (2005). Handbook of International Law. Cambridge University Press,. p. 26. ISBN 0-521-82349-8. 
  10. Diplomats Without a Country: Baltic Diplomacy, International Law, and the Cold War by James T. McHugh , James S. Pacy, Page 2. ISBN 0-313-31878-6
  11. David James Smith, Estonia: independence and European integration, Routledge, 2001, ISBN 0-415-26728-5, pXIX

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