Cyanobacteria

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Cyanobacteria
Temporal range: 2700–0Ma
CSIRO ScienceImage 4203 A bluegreen algae species Cylindrospermum sp under magnification.jpg
Microscope eemage o Cylindrosperum, a genus o Cyanobacteria
Scientific classification e
Domain: Bacteria
(unranked): Terrabacteria
(unranked): Cyanobacteria-Melainabacteria group
Phylum: Cyanobacteria
Stanier, 1973
Cless: Cyanophyceae
Orders[3]

As o 2014 the taxonomy wis unner reveesion[1][2]

Synonyms
  • Myxophyceae Wallroth, 1833
  • Phycochromaceae Rabenhorst, 1865
  • Cyanophyceae Sachs, 1874
  • Schizophyceae Cohn, 1879
  • Cyanophyta Steinecke, 1931
  • Oxyphotobacteria Gibbons & Murray, 1978

Cyanobacteria /sˌænbækˈtɪəriə/, an aa kent as Cyanophyta, is a phylum o bacteria that obtain thair energy throu photosynthesis.[4] The name "cyanobacteria" comes frae the colour o the bacteria (Greek: κυανός (kyanós) = blue). Altho eften cried blue-green algae, that name is a misnomer as cyanobacteria are prokaryotic an algae are eukaryotic.

Bi producin oxygen as a gas as a bi-product o photosynthesis, cyanobacteria are thoucht tae hae convertit the early reducin atmosphere intae an oxidizing ane, which dramatically changed the composeetion o life furms on Yird bi stimulatin biodiversity an leadin tae the near-extinction o oxygen-intolerant organisms. Accordin tae endosymbiotic theory, the chloroplasts foond in plants an eukaryotic algae evolved frae cyanobacterial ancestors via endosymbiosis.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Cyanophyceae". Access Science. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  2. Oren A (September 2004). "A proposal for further integration of the cyanobacteria under the Bacteriological Code". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 54 (Pt 5): 1895–902. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.03008-0. PMID 15388760. 
  3. Komárek J, Kaštovský J, Mareš J, Johansen JR (2014). "Taxonomic classification of cyanoprokaryotes (cyanobacterial genera) 2014, using a polyphasic approach" (PDF). Preslia. 86: 295–335. 
  4. brs. "Life History and Ecology of Cyanobacteria". University of California Museum of Paleontology. Retrieved 17 July 2012.