Coat o airms o Denmark

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National Coat of arms of Denmark.svg

The National Coat o Airms o Denmark consists o three crouned blue lions accompanied bi nine red herts, aw in a golden shield. The auldest kent depiction o the insignie dates frae a seal uised bi Keeng Canute VI c. 1194. The auldest documentation for the colours dates frae c. 1270. Historically, the lions faced the viewer an the number o herts wis no regulatit an coud be muckle heicher. Historians believe that the herts oreeginally wur søblade (literally: sea-leaves) but that this meanin wis lost early due tae worn an crudely made signets uised durin the Middle Ages. A ryal decree o 1972 specifies these figures as søblade but Danes normally refer tae them as herts. The current version wis adoptit in 1819 durin the reign o Keeng Frederick VI who fixed the number o herts tae nine an decreed that the heraldic beasts wur lions, consequently facin forward. A rare version exists frae the reign o keeng Eric o Pomeranie in which the three lions jointly hauld the Dens banner, in a similar fashion as in the coat o airms o the umwhile Sooth Jutland Coonty. Till c. 1960, Denmark uised baith a "sma" an a "lairge" coat o airms, similar tae the seestem still uised in Swaden. The latter seembol held wide uise athin the government administration, e.g. bi the Foreign Meenistry. Syne this time, the latter seembol haes been classified as the coat o airms o the ryal family, leavin Denmark wi ae ane naitional coat o airms, uised for aw offeecial purposes.

The croun on the shield is a heraldic construction based on the croun o Keeng Christian V, not tae be ramfeeselt wi the croun o Keeng Christian IV. The main difference frae the real croun is that the latter is covered wi table cut diamonds rather than pearls. Baith crouns, an ither ryal insignie, are locatit in Rosenborg Castle in Copenhagen.

The blazon in heraldic terms is: Or, three lions passant in pale Azure crouned an airmed Or langued Gules, nine herts Gules.

The earliest kent example o the Dens airms, the seal o Canute VI, 1190s. The ae kent copy o this insignie wis discovered in 1879 in the Grand Ducal archive o Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Germany. Note the keeng's closed croun which differs frae the open crouns shown on the seals o his successors, an the shield that is semé o herts rather than showin ae nine.[1]
A medieval ship banner captured bi forces frae Lübeck in the 1420s showed the airms o Denmark, Swaden, Norrowey an Pomeranie. The oreeginal banner wis destroyed durin a Warld War II attack on the ceety, but a 19t century copy remains in Frederiksborg Palace, Denmark. The saunt accompanyin the Virgin Mary an infant Christ is Saunt James the Greater, identified bi his scallop shell emblem. FIAV historical.svg FIAV 000001.svg

This insignie is amaist identical tae the coats o airms o Estonie an Tallinn which can baith be traced directly back tae Keeng Valdemar II an the Dens rule in northren Estonie 1219-1346. The main differences are as follaes: In the Dens coat o airms the lions are crouned, face forward, an accompanied bi nine herts. In the Estonian coat o airms, the "leopards" face the viewer, they are no crouned, an nae herts are present. The coat o airms o Tallinn resembles the Estonian airms, but the leopards in the umwhile airms are crouned wi golden crouns similar tae the anes in the Dens airms. It shows great similarities wi the contemporary insignie o Ingland's Richard the Lionheart an the current airms o the German state o Baden-Württemberg. The Dens coat o airms haes an aa been the inspiration for the coat o airms o the umwhile Duchy o Schleswig, a umwhile Dens province (twa blue lions in a golden shield.) The herts o the coat o airms an aa appear in the coat o airms o the German destrict o Lüneburg.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Henry Petersen (1882): Et dansk Flag fra Unionstiden i Maria-Kirken i Lübeck, Copenhagen: C.A. Reitzel, p. 26 (Dens)