Canelones Depairtment

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Canelones Depairtment
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Kintra Uruguay
Caipital o DepairtmentCanelones
Govrenment
 • IntendantMarcos Carámbula
 • Rulin pairtyFrente Amplio
Area
 • Total4,536 km2 (1,751 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 census)
 • Tot520,187
 • Density110/km2 (300/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Canario
Time zoneUTC-3 (UYT)
ISO 3166 codeUY-CA
Wabsteidwww.imcanelones.gub.uy

The Canelones Depairtment (Spaingie: Departamento de Canelones), wi an aurie o 4,536 km² (1,752 square miles) an 485,240 indwallers, is locatit tae the sooth o Uruguay. Its caipital is Canelones.

Geografie an climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Neebourin depairtments are Maldonado an Lavalleja tae the east, Flores tae the north, San José tae the wast, an Montevideo tae the sooth. Pairt o the soothren mairch is formed bi the Río de la Plata. It is the seicont smawest depairtment o the kintra efter that o Montevideo, but the seicont lairgest in population.

Locatit in the humid templatit region, the average temperatur is law compared tae that o the rest o the kintra (aroond 15 °C), as are the levels o precipitation (up tae 2,000 mm yearly, on average).

Bi aurie Canelones Depairtment is the seicont smawest o Uruguay's 19 depairtments.

Topografie an hydrografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Santa Lucía River, at San Ramón.

Canelones Depairtment, is characterized bi flat lands an absence o relief (as maist pairts o Uruguay), wi smaw coastal saund dunes at the sooth, an wi meadaes an woods in the center, north an wast.[1]

The depairtment is rich in waterways, wi mony rivers an streams. Housomeivver, thare are twa rivers that staund oot for thair importance: the Santa Lucía River an the Río de la Plata, which is actually a sea o salt watter. On the coastline formed bi the Río de la Plata, thare are mony spa touns an thair respective beaches.

Santa Lucia River, meanwhile, forms the northren bundary wi Florida, which is separatit bi a brig kent as the Paso Pache.

Regions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Despite bein a sma depairtment, Canelones haes a population o ower 500,000 indwallers an ane o the heichest densities in the kintra wi 107 indwallers per square kilometer.[2]

The depairtment is dividit intae aprox. 20 sections. Athin thir, thare are significant populations centers, some o which hae the status o municipality, ithers are pairt o recently formed ceeties bi decree, an then thare are an aa those that dae no hae enough indwallers an are therefore aften considered semple population entities wi nae mayor or govrenment, remainin unner the direct jurisdiction o the Municipality o Canelones (in Spainyie, Intendencia Municipal Canelones or Comuna Canaria), which is based in the depairtmental caipital, Canelones.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Canelones wis ane o the nine oreeginal depairtments creatit in 1830. Ower the years its bundaries hae chyngit little.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Agricultur is ane o the principal contributors tae the economy o Canelones. The cultivation o grapevines is widespread, an the aurie is a major contributor tae Uruguay's burgeonin wine industry. In addition cereal crops, principally maize are produced, as are a wide variety o fruits an vegetables. Tourism, in the eastren coastal aurie, is an aw a major soorce o income for the depairtment, an haes enabled the development o important urban centres, sic as Atlántida.

Population an Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

As o the census o 2004, thare wur 485,240 fowk[3] an 153,931 households in the department. The average household size wis 3.2. For every 100 females, thare war 96.3 males.[4]