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Republic o Biafra

Banner o Biafra
Motto: "Peace, Unity, Freedom"
Green: Republic o Biafra. .
Green: Republic o Biafra.
Republic o Biafra in Mey 1967
Republic o Biafra in Mey 1967
StatusUnrecognized state
Common leidsInglis (offeecial)
Igbo / Ibo (predominant)
Efik · Annang · Ibibio · Ekoi
Historical eraCauld War
• Established
30 Mey 1967
• Rejoins Federal Nigerie
15 Januar 1970
196777,306 km2 (29,848 sq mi)
• 1967
CurrencyBiafran poond
Precedit bi
Succeedit bi
Minahan, James (2002). Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: S-Z. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 762. ISBN 0-313-32384-4.

Biafra, offeecially the Republic o Biafra, wis a secessionist state in sooth-eastren Nigerie thit existit frae 30 Mey 1967 tae 15 Januar 1970, takin its name frae the Bight o Biafra (the Atlantic bay tae the sooth).[1] The indwallers wur maistly the Igbo fowk thit heidit the unthirldom acause o economic, ethnic, cultural an releegious tensions amang the sindry fowk o Nigerie. The biggin o the new state that wis pushin for recogneetion wis ae o the causes o the Nigerie Ceevil War, kent as the Nigerie-Biafran War an aw.

The state wis recognised umwhile bi Gabon, Haiti, Côte d'Ivoire, Tanzanie an Zambie. Ither naitions thit didnae gie offeecial recogneetion but thit gied support an assistance tae Biafra includit Israel, Fraunce, Portugal, Rhodesie, Sooth Africae an Vatican Ceety.[2] Biafra wis gien aid frae non-state actors an aw, includin Jynt Kirk Aid, Holy Ghost Faithers o Ireland, Caritas Internaitional, MarkPress an U.S. Catholic Relief Services.[2]

Efter twa-an-a-hauf year o war, whaur a million ceevilians haed dee'd in fichtin an frae famine, Biafran forces greed tae a ceasefire wi the Nigerie Federal Militar Govrenment (FMG), an Biafra wis reintegratit intae Nigerie.[3]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Room, Adrian (2006). Placenames of the World: Origins and Meanings of the Names for 6,600 Countries, Cities, Territories, Natural Features and Historic Sites. McFarland & Company. p. 58. ISBN 0-7864-2248-3.
  2. a b Nowa Omoigui. "Federal Nigerian Army Blunders of the Nigerian Civil War – Part 2". Archived frae the original on 19 Julie 2008. Retrieved 15 August 2008. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  3. Barnaby Philips (13 Januar 2000). "Biafra: Thirty years on". BBC News. Retrieved 9 Mairch 2011.