Biafra

Frae Wikipedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Republic o Biafra
1967–1970
Banner o Biafra
Banner
Motto: "Peace, Unity, Freedom"
Green: Republic o Biafra. .
Green: Republic o Biafra.
.
Republic o Biafra in Mey 1967
Republic o Biafra in Mey 1967
Status Unrecognized state
Caipital Enugu
Common leids Inglis (offeecial)
Igbo / Ibo (predominant)
Efik · Annang · Ibibio · Ekoi
Govrenment Republic
Historical era Cauld War
• Established
30 Mey 1967
• Rejoins Federal Nigerie
15 Januar 1970
Aurie
1967 77,306 km2 (29,848 sq mi)
Population
• 1967
13500000
Currency Biafran poond
Precedit bi
Succeedit bi
Nigerie
Nigerie
Minahan, James (2002). Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: S-Z. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 762. ISBN 0-313-32384-4. 

Biafra, offeecially the Republic o Biafra, wis a secessionist state in sooth-eastren Nigerie that existit frae 30 Mey 1967 tae 15 Januar 1970, takin its name frae the Bight o Biafra (the Atlantic bay tae its sooth).[1] The indwallers wur maistly the Igbo fowk who led the secession due tae economic, ethnic, cultural an releegious tensions amang the various fowks o Nigerie. The creation o the new state that wis pushin for recogneetion wis amang the causes o the Nigerie Ceevil War, an aa kent as the Nigerie-Biafran War.

The state wis furmally recognised bi Gabon, Haiti, Côte d'Ivoire, Tanzanie an Zambie. Ither naitions which did nae gie offeecial recognition but which did provide support an assistance tae Biafra includit Israel, Fraunce, Portugal, Rhodesie, Sooth Africae an Vatican Ceety.[2] Biafra an aa received aid frae non-state actors, includin Jynt Kirk Aid, Holy Ghost Faithers o Ireland, Caritas Internaitional, MarkPress an U.S. Catholic Relief Services.[2]

Efter twa-an-a-hauf years o war, durin which a million ceevilians haed died in fichtin an frae faimin, Biafran forces agreed tae a ceasefire wi the Nigerie Federal Militar Govrenment (FMG), an Biafra wis reintegratit intae Nigerie.[3]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Room, Adrian (2006). Placenames of the World: Origins and Meanings of the Names for 6,600 Countries, Cities, Territories, Natural Features and Historic Sites. McFarland & Company. p. 58. ISBN 0-7864-2248-3. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Nowa Omoigui. "Federal Nigerian Army Blunders of the Nigerian Civil War – Part 2". Archived frae the oreeginal on 19 July 2008. Retrieved 15 August 2008. 
  3. Barnaby Philips (13 January 2000). "Biafra: Thirty years on". BBC News. Retrieved 9 March 2011.