Battle o Gaugamela

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Battle o Gaugamela
Part of Wars o Alexander the Great
Battle of Gaugamela (Arbela).PNG
Battle o Gaugamela, Flemish tapestry, first hauf o 18t century
DateOctober 1, 331 BC
LocationProbably Tel Gomel (Gaugamela) near Mosul, nae far frae Irbil (Arbela), which an aa is a name o the battle (Battle o Arbela)
Result Decisive Greek victory, Persian militar capabilities are crippled
Territorial
changes
Alexander wins Babylon, hauf o Persie, an aw pairts o Mesopotamie nae already unner his control
Belligerents
Hellenic League Achaemenid Empire
Greek mercenaries
Commanders an leaders
Alexander the Great
Hephaestion
Craterus
Parmenion
Ptolemy
Perdiccas
Antigonus
Cleitus
Nearchus
Seleucus
Darius III
Bessus
Mazaeus
Orontes II 
Atropates
Strenth
47,000[1][2]
34,000[3]–100,000[4] (modren estimates)
250,000–1,000,000 (auncient sources)
Casualties an losses
100 infantry an 1,000 cavalry
(accordin tae Arrian);
300 infantry
(accordin tae Curtius Rufus);
500 infantry
(accordin tae Diodorus Siculus)
40,000
(accordin tae Curtius Rufus)
47,000
(accordin tae Welman)[5]
90,000
(accordin tae Diodorus Siculus)
300,000+ captured
(accordin tae Arrian)[6]

The Battle o Gaugamela (/ˌɡɔːɡəˈmlə/; [Γαυγάμηλα] error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help)) teuk place in 331 BC atween Alexander the Great an Darius III o Persie. An aa cried the Battle o Arbela, it wis a decisive victory for the Macedonians an led tae the faw o the Persie Empire.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Moerbeek (1997) estimates 31,000 phalangites an 9,000 licht infantry.
  2. and Warry (1998) estimates a tot size o 91,000, Welman 90,000, Delbrück (1978) 52,000, Thomas Harbottle 120,000,[1] Engels (1920) and Green (1990) no lairger nor 100,000.
  3. http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/army-i
  4. Alexander Defeats the Persians, 331 BC, History.com website
  5. Welman
  6. The Anabasis of Alexander: The Battle of Gaugamela