The banner wis first flown on the day o independence, October 12, 1968, an it showed the naitional emblem in the center. Housomeivver, in 1972, during the regime o Francisco Nguema, a different naitional emblem appeared on the banner. The oreeginal coat o airms wis restored efter Nguema wis deposed in August 1979. The airms consists o a siller shield wi a silk-cotton tree, which wis derived frae the airms o Rio Muni. Abuin the shield is an arc o 6 sax-pointit yellae stars, that represent Rio Muni an the affshore islands. Beneath the shield is a siller scroll wi the naitional motto, Unidad, Paz, Justicia ("Unity, Peace, Justice").