Ayr (Scots Gaelic: Inbhir Àir Mouth o the River Ayr) is a toun an port lyin oan the Firth of Clyde in sooth-wast Scotland. Wi aboot 46,000 fowk, Ayr is the mucklest toun in Ayrshire, an wis a royal burgh syne 1205. Ayr is the centur o govirnment fae Sooth Ayrshire.
History[eedit | eedit soorce]
In 1197, Keeng William the Lion ordered that a new castle be biggit atween the River Ayr an the River Doon. It is believed that the castle wis a widden structur biggit aroond Montogomerie Terrace. Ayr wis later established as a ryal burgh an mercat toun on 21 Mey 1205 bi Keeng William the Lion.
On April 26, 1315, the yinst Scots Pairlament wis held in Ayr by Robert the Bruce at St. John's Tower by the sea. It wis aince kent as 'Inverair/Inverayr' and this uisage is aye kept in the Scottish Gaelic form o the nam Inbhir Air.
Oliver Cromwell buildit a muckle waw aboot the toun, maist o which can aye be seen the day. St John's Tower, in that aurrie, wis aince pairt o a muckle kirk, but it wis demolishit, an th tower is the nou protectit by the "Friends Of Saint Johns Tower" (FROST).
The formation o the Kinrick o Great Breetain throu the Acts o Union 1707 providit Ayr wi signeeficant treddin opportunities an impruivements tae the toun's infrastructur, wi Ayr's textile, oo, linen an shaemakkin industries thrivin as a result. A smaw lichthoose wis constructit on the River Ayr in 1712, follaed by a quay in 1713. Repairs tae the toun's Harbour an High Tolbooth teuk place atween 1724 an 1726, wi fundin providit bi the Convention o Ryal Burghs. Street lichtin wis instawed aroond the toun centre in 1747.
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- "Stirling elevated to city status". BBC News. 2002-03-14. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
- "Archived copy". Archived frae the oreeginal on 15 March 2016. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
- http://maps.nls.uk/townplans/background/ayr.html 'Ayr (Surveyed in 1885)'
- Love, Dane (1995). Pictorial History of Ayr. Darvel: Alloway Publishing Ltd.
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