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Arturo Guzmán Decena

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Arturo Guzmán Decena
Born13 Januar 1976(1976-01-13)
Puebla, Mexico.
Dee'd21 November 2002(2002-11-21) (aged 26)
Matamoros, Tamaulipas, Mexico.
Ither namesZ-1

Arturo Guzmán Decena, a.k.a. Z-1 (13 Januar 1976 − 21 November 2002) wis a Mexican Airmy sodger that defectit tae become a mercenary an commander o the mercenary gang cried Los Zetas at the service o Osiel Cárdenas Guillen, the Guwf Cairtel's drog laird.[1] Los Zetas are conseidert bi the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) as the maist technologically advanced, sophisticatit an violent drog cartel in Mexico.[2][3]

Backgrund[eedit | eedit soorce]

Guzmán Decena trained wi an elite Mexican militar group cried Grupo Aeromóvil de Fuerzas Especiales (GAFE) oreeginally trained in coonter-insurgency an locatin an apprehendin drog cairtel members. In 1997, Guzmán Decena defectit frae the Mexican airmy[4] an wis bribed bi Osiel Cárdenas Guillen, the leader o the Guwf Cartel, tae become his personal bodyguard. Guzmán Decena brocht wi him approximately 30 ither GAFE deserters enticit bi salaries substantially heicher than thon peyed bi the Mexican govrenment. The role o Los Zetas wis suin expandit, collectin debts, securin cocaine supply an trokin routes kent as plazas an executin its foes, aften wi grotesque savagery.[2][5]

The group's name Los Zetas is gien efter its first leader, Lieutenant Arturo Guzmán Decena, thats Federal Polis radio code wis "Z1",[6] a code gien tae heich-rankin officers.[5][7][8]

Daith[eedit | eedit soorce]

Guzmán Decena wis shot deid inside a restaurant on November 2002 in Matamoros, Tamaulipas;[4][9] his seicont-in-command, Rogelio González Pizaña (a.k.a.: Z2) wis captured in October 2004 an sae Heriberto Lazcano (a.k.a.: Z3) ascendit tae the leadership o the paramilitar gang.

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Explorando Mexico Editorial Team. "The Zetas". Explorando Mexico. Retrieved 23 August 2009.
  2. a b Grayson, George. "Los Zetas: the Ruthless Army Spawned by a Mexican Drug Cartel". U.S. Foreign Policy Research Institute. Archived frae the original on 13 August 2008. Retrieved 23 August 2008. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)"Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 13 August 2008. Retrieved 13 September 2022.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. Ware, Michael (6 August 2009). "Los Zetas called Mexico's most dangerous drug cartel". CNN News. Retrieved 7 August 2009. Cite has empty unkent parameter: |coauthors= (help)
  4. a b Rodríguez Martínez, Marco A. (2006). "El Poder de Los Zetas". Monografías. Retrieved 23 August 2009.
  5. a b Bunker, Robert (2005). Networks, Terrorism and Global Insurgency. Routledge. p. xv. ISBN 0-415-34819-6. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  6. Los Zetas: Evolution of a Criminal Organization - March 11, 2009
  7. Weak bilateral law enforcement presence at the U.S.- Mexico border. Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security. 2005. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  8. Texas Monthly On: Texas True Crime. University of Texas Press. 2007. p. 44. ISBN 0-292-71675-3. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  9. (in Spaingie) Osorno, Diego (12 Mey 2007). "Los Zetas – Historias de Nadie". Milenio. Retrieved 28 Mey 2012.