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Animal Ferm

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Baist Ferm
First edition cover
AuthorGeorge Orwell
Oreeginal teetleAnimal Farm: A Fairy Story
KintraUnitit Kinrick
Genreroman à clef, satirical fiction, fable, dystopian fiction Edit this on Wikidata
Published17 August 1945 (Secker and Warburg, Lunnon, Ingland)
Media teepPrent (haurdback & paperback)
Pages112 (UK paperback edeetion)
ISBN-13823/.912 20

Baist Ferm (Inglis: Animal Farm) is an allegorical an dystopian novella bi George Orwell, first published in Ingland on 17 August 1945. Accordin tae Orwell, the beuk reflecks events leadin up tae the Roushie Revolution o 1917 an then on intae the Stalinist era o the Soviet Union.[1] Orwell, a democratic socialist,[2] wis a creetic o Joseph Stalin an ill-kindit taewart Moscow-directit Stalinism, a souch that wis creetically collt bi his experiences durin the Spaingie Ceevil War.[3] The Soviet Union, he believed, haed acome a brutal dictatorship, biggit upon a cult o personality an enforced bi a reign o terrificàtion. In a letter tae Yvonne Davet, Orwell describit Animal Ferm as a satirical tale agin Stalin ("un conte satirique contre Staline"),[4] an in his essay "Why I Write" (1946), writ that Animal Ferm wis the first beuk in whilk he tried, wi fou consciousness o whit he wis daein, "tae fuse poleetical an airteestic ettle intae ane hail".

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "BBC - GCSE English Literature - 'Animal Farm' - historical context (pt 1/3)". bbc.co.uk. Archived frae the original on 3 Januar 2012. Retrieved 25 October 2016.
  2. Orwell, George. "Why I Write" (1936) (The Collected Essays, Journalism and Letters of George Orwell Volume 1 – An Age Like This 1945–1950 p. 23 (Penguin))
  3. Gordon Bowker, Orwell p. 224 ; Orwell, writin in his review o Franz Borkenau's The Spanish Cockpit in Time and Tide, 31 Julie 1937, an "Spilling the Spanish Beans", New English Weekly, 29 Julie 1937
  4. Davison 2000.