Yakutsk

Frae Wikipedia
Lowp tae: navigation, rake
Yakutsk (Scots)
Якутск (Roushie)
Дьокуускай (Sakha)
-  Ceety[citation needit]  -
Ceety unner republic jurisdiction[citation needit]
Yakutsk 1 (synchroswimr).jpg
View of the city from the Geological Institute collections area
Map of Russia - Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (2008-03).svg
Location o the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic in Roushie
Yakutsk is located in Sakha Republic
Yakutsk
Yakutsk
Coordinates: 62°02′N 129°44′E / 62.033°N 129.733°E / 62.033; 129.733Coordinates: 62°02′N 129°44′E / 62.033°N 129.733°E / 62.033; 129.733
Coat of arms of Yakutsk.png
Yakutsk flag.png
Coat o airms
Banner
Ceety Day Seicont Sunday o September[citation needit]
Admeenistrative status (as o 2009)
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Sakha Republic
Admeenistratively subordinatit tae Yakutsk Ceety o Republic Significance[citation needit]
Caipital o Sakha Republic[citation needit]
Admeenistrative center o Yakutsk Ceety o Republic Significance[citation needit]
Municipal status
Urban okrug Yakutsk Urban Okrug[citation needit]
Admeenistrative centre o Yakutsk Urban Okrug[citation needit]
Head[citation needit] Yury Zabolev[citation needit]
Representative body Okrug Cooncil[citation needit]
Statistics
Aurie 121.93 km2 (47.08 sq mi)[citation needit]
Population (2010 Census,
preliminary)
269,486 inhabitants[1]
Rank in 2010 68t
Population (2002 Census) 210,642 inhabitants[2]
Rank in 2002 89t
Densitie 2,210 /km2 (5,700 /sq mi)[3]
Time zone [4]
Founded 25 September 1632[citation needit]
Postal code(s) 677xxx[citation needit]
Dialin code(s) +7 4112[5]
Offeecial wabsteid

Yakutsk (Roushie: Яку́тск‎; Sakha: Дьокуускай, pronounced [ɟokuːskaj]) is the caipital ceety o the Sakha Republic, Roushie, locatit aboot 450 kilometers (280 mi) south of the Arctic Circle. Population:269,486 (2010 Census preliminary results);[1] 210,642 (2002 Census);[2] 186,626 (1989 Census).[6]

Yakutsk is a major port on the Lena River. It is servit bi Yakutsk Airport as well as the smawer Magan Airport. It is a major suppleer o diamonds.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Yakutsk wis foondit as an ostrog (fort) bi Pyotr Beketov in 1632. In 1639, it became the center o a voyevodstvo. The voivode o Yakutsk quickly became the maist important Roushie offeecial in the region an directit expansion tae the east an sooth. Yakutsk did no grow intae a ceety till the discovery o lairge reserves o gowd an ither minerals in the 1880s an 1890s. These reserves wur developed extensively durin industrialization unner Stalin. The rapid growth o forcit labor camps in Siberie wis an aw a major factor encouragin Yakutsk's development.

Admeenistrative an municipal status[eedit | eedit soorce]

As an inhabitit locality, Yakutsk is classifeed as the ceety unner republic jurisdiction. Administratively, alang wi the settlement o Zhatay an fower rural localities, it is incorporatit as Yakutsk Ceety o Republic Significance—an admeenistrative unit wi a status equal tae that o the destricts.

Municipally, Yakutsk an the fower rural localities are incorporatit as Yakutsk Urban Okrug. The settlement o Zhatay is no a pairt o Yakutsk Urban Okrug an is independently incorporatit as Zhatay Urban Okrug.

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Yakutsk is a destination o the Lena Heich-gate. The ceety's connection tae the heichgate is anerlie accessible bi ferry in the simmer, or in the deid o winter, directly ower the frozen Lena River, as Yakutsk lees entirely on its wastren bank, an there is nae brig onywhaur in the Sakha Republic that crosses the Lena. The river is impassable for lang periods o the year when it is full o loose ice, or when the ice cover is no sufficiently thick tae support traffic, or when the watter level is heich an the river turbulent wi Ware floodin. The heich-gate ends on the eastren bank o Lena in Nizhny Bestyakh (Нижний Бестях), an urban-type settlement o some fower thoosan fowk. Yakutsk is connectit wi Magadan bi the Kolyma Heich-gate.

A dual-uise railroad an roadwey brig ower the Lena is scheduled tae be built by 2013,[7][8] when the Amur Yakutsk Mainline, the North-Sooth railroad being extendit frae the Sooth, will feenally connect the ceety wi the East-Wast Baikal Amur Mainline (the railwey haes reached a point some 260 km sooth o Yakutsk).

The brig will be ower 3-kilometer (1.9 mi) lang an constructit 40 kilometers (25 mi) upriver at Tabaga, where the river narraes an does no create a wide floodit aurie in the Ware. In the deid o winter, the frozen Lena makes for a passable heich-gate for ice truckers uisin its channel tae deliver proveesions tae far-flung ootposts. Yakutsk is an aw connectit tae ither pairts of Roushie bi Yakutsk Airport.

Education[eedit | eedit soorce]

Yakutsk State University is situatit in the ceety. There is an aw a branch o the Roushie Academy o Sciences, which contains, amang ither things, the Institute o Cosmophysical Research, which runs the Yakutsk Extensive Air Shower installation (ane o the lairgest cosmic-ray detector arrays in the warld), an the Permafrost Research Institute developit wi the aim o solvin the serious an costly problems associatit wi construction o biggins on frozen soil.

At the primary an seicontary levels, the ceety haes a number o UNESCO Associated Schools, includin the Sakha-Turkish College, Sakha-French School, Sakha-Korean School, an School #16.[9]

Yakutsk is an aw hame o some theaters an museums such as Sakha theater an the Mammoth Museum.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mony minin companies hae offices in Yakutsk includin ALROSA, whose diamond mines in Yakutie accoont for aboot 20% o the warld's rough diamond ootput.

The airline Yakutia Airlines haes its heid office in the ceety.[10]

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Wi an extreme subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfd), Yakutsk haes the cauldest winter temperaturs for ony ceety, though no for ony inhabitit place, on Earth. Average monthly temperaturs range frae +19 °C (66 °F) in Julie tae −40 °C (−40 °F) in Januar, an anerlie Norilsk haes a lawer mean annual temperatur for ony settlement o ower 10,000. The cauldest temperaturs iver recordit on the planet ootside Antarcticae occurred in the basin o the Yana River tae the northeast o Yakutsk. Although winters are lang an extremely cauld, simmers are warm (though rather short), wi daily maximum temperaturs occasionally exceedin +32 °C (90 °F), makkin the saisonal temperatur differences for the region amang the greatest in the warld. As the biggest ceety built on continuous permafrost, maist hooses in Yakutsk are built on concrete piles.

The climate is quite dry, wi maximum precipitation occurrin in the simmer months, due tae the intense Siberie Heich formin aroond the vera cauld continental air durin the winter. Even durin the simmer, precipitation is no hivy syne the moist sootheasterly winds frae the Paceefic Ocean lose their moistur ower the coastal muntains well afore reachin the Lena valley.

Wi the Lena River navigable in the simmer, there are various boat cruises affered, includin upriver tae the Lena Pillars, an dounriver tours which visit spectacular scenery in the lawer reaches an the Lena delta.

Climate data for Yakutsk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record heich °C (°F) −10.8
(12.6)
−2.2
(28.0)
8.3
(46.9)
21.1
(70.0)
31.1
(88.0)
35.1
(95.2)
38.4
(101.1)
35.4
(95.7)
27.0
(80.6)
20.5
(68.9)
3.1
(37.6)
−3.9
(25.0)
38.4
(101.1)
Average heich °C (°F) −36.1
(−33.0)
−29.1
(−20.4)
−13.2
(8.2)
1.2
(34.2)
13.2
(55.8)
22.1
(71.8)
25.1
(77.2)
21.3
(70.3)
11.4
(52.5)
−3.8
(25.2)
−24.4
(−11.9)
−34.5
(−30.1)
−3.9
(25.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) −39.5
(−39.1)
−34.2
(−29.6)
−21.1
(−6.0)
−5.7
(21.7)
7.0
(44.6)
15.5
(59.9)
18.6
(65.5)
14.9
(58.8)
6.0
(42.8)
−8.4
(16.9)
−28.7
(−19.7)
−37.9
(−36.2)
−9.5
(14.9)
Average laich °C (°F) −42.8
(−45.0)
−39.2
(−38.6)
−28.9
(−20.0)
−12.5
(9.5)
0.7
(33.3)
8.8
(47.8)
12.0
(53.6)
8.5
(47.3)
0.6
(33.1)
−13
(9)
−33
(−27)
−41.3
(−42.3)
−15
(5)
Record laich °C (°F) −63
(−81)
−64.4
(−83.9)
−54.9
(−66.8)
−41
(−42)
−18.1
(−0.6)
−5.4
(22.3)
−1.5
(29.3)
−7.8
(18.0)
−14.2
(6.4)
−40.9
(−41.6)
−54.5
(−66.1)
−59.8
(−75.6)
−64.4
(−83.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 9
(0.35)
8
(0.31)
6
(0.24)
9
(0.35)
17
(0.67)
39
(1.54)
39
(1.54)
35
(1.38)
31
(1.22)
18
(0.71)
15
(0.59)
12
(0.47)
238
(9.37)
humidity 75 75 70 61 54 57 61 67 71 77 77 75 68.3
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.9 3.8 7.3 6.5 6.0 5.3 6.1 5.7 4.1 53.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 18.6 98.0 232.5 273.0 303.8 333.0 347.2 272.8 174.0 105.4 60.0 9.3 2,227.6
Source no. 1: Pogoda.ru.net[11]
Source no. 2: HKO

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin towns an sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Yakutsk is twinned wi:

Yakutsk images[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  3. The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  4. Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. (in Russian). Retrieved 2010-11-10.
  6. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  7. "In 2009 construction of the Bridge through Lena River will begin", Republic of Sakha Information Portal, 29 March 2007, reprint of an article by Aleksey Dmitriev in the newspaper “Yakutia”. Link accessed 2008-01-13. (Inglis) (Roushie)
  8. Russia Basel's wins tender to build Yakutia railroad Reuters, Thu Nov 6, 2008
  9. Nikolaev, Michael E. (2007-01-07). "The Most Valuable Possession of a Society is Education". Yakutia Today. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  10. "About Us." Yakutia Airlines. Retrieved on July 18, 2010. "JSC "Air Company Yakutia" Address: 9, Bykovsky st., Yakutsk, Russia, 677014." Russian address: "Contact Us." "ОАО «Авиакомпания «Якутия» Адрес: Республика Саха (Якутия), 677014, г. Якутск, ул. Быковского, 9"
  11. "Pogoda.ru.net" (in Russian). Retrieved September 8, 2007. 

External links[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Sakha Republic Template:Roushie republics capitals