Ussuriysk

Frae Wikipedia
Lowp tae: navigation, rake
Ussuriysk (Scots)
Уссурийск (Roushie)
-  Ceety[1]  -
Ussuriysk is located in Primorsky Krai
Ussuriysk
Ussuriysk
Location o Ussuriysk in Primorsky Krai
Coordinates: 43°48′N 131°57′E / 43.800°N 131.950°E / 43.800; 131.950Coordinates: 43°48′N 131°57′E / 43.800°N 131.950°E / 43.800; 131.950
Coat of Arms of Ussuriysk (Primorsky kray).png
Coat o airms
Admeenistrative status (as o November 2011)
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Primorsky Krai[1]
Admeenistratively subordinatit tae Ussuriysk Ceety Unner Krai Jurisdiction[1]
Admeenistrative center o Ussuriysk Ceety Unner Krai Jurisdiction[1]
Municipal status (as o September 2009)
Urban okrug Ussuriysky Urban Okrug[2]
Admeenistrative centre o Ussuriysky Urban Okrug[2]
Mayor[citation needit] Sergey Ruditsa[citation needit]
Statistics
Aurie 173 km2 (67 sq mi)[citation needit]
Population (2010 Census,
preliminary)
157,946 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 111t
Population (2002 Census) 157,759 inhabitants[4]
Rank in 2002 109t
Densitie 913 /km2 (2,360 /sq mi)[5]
Time zone VLAT (UTC+11:00)[6]
Founded 1866[citation needit]
Ceety status since 1898[citation needit]
Previous names Nikolskoye (until 1898),[citation needit]
Nikolsk-Ussuriysky (until 1935),[citation needit]
Voroshilov (until 1957)[citation needit]
Postal code(s) 692500–692527[citation needit]
Dialin code(s) +7 4234[citation needit]
Offeecial wabsteid

Ussuriysk (Roushie: Уссури́йск‎) is a ceety in Primorsky Krai, Roushie, locatit in the fertile valley o the Razdolnaya River, 98 kilometers (61 mi) north o Vladivostok an aboot 60 kilometers (37 mi) frae baith the Cheenese border an the Paceefic Ocean. Population: 157,759 (2002 Census);[4] 158,016 (1989 Census).[7]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Medieval history[eedit | eedit soorce]

A 12t-century stane tortoise from a Jurchen grave nou can be seen in Ussuriysk's central pairk

Frae the mid-9t century, the territory o wha nou is Ussuriysk wis locatit in the kinrick o Balhae. Prior tae that, the aurie wis settled bi Yulou Mohe tribes.

Modren era[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 1866, the dounset o Nikolskoye (Нико́льское) wis foondit on the aurie o the day's Ussuriysk, namit efter Saunt Nicholas. Due tae its advantageous geografic location at the crossin o the transportation lines, the veelage experiencit rapid growthe durin the 1870s, turnin intae a trade center. Its role increased efter the railroad connectin Khabarovsk an Vladivostok (nou a pairt o the Trans-Siberie Railwey) wis built, an in 1898 it wis grantit toun status an renamit Nikolsk-Ussuriysky (Нико́льск-Уссури́йский).

Bi the beginnin o the 20t century the toun's population totaled 15,000 fowk, an the annual turnower o its trade enterprises wis equal tae three million rubles. Efter the Rousho-Japanese War o 1904-1905, Nikolsk-Ussuriysky became ane o the maist important commercial an economic centres o the Roushie Far East. In 1913, the ceety rankit fowert efter Vladivostok, Blagoveshchensk, an Khabarovsk in terms o population. Enterprises wur established processin agricultural products such as mills, dairies, soap-boilin plants, an tanneries, as well as macaroni an sausage factories an breweries. Brick factories, quarries, an saw-mills wur built an aw.

The central pairt o the ceety began tae be built up wi twa- an three-story masonry biggins. In 1914, thare wur fowerteen educational institutions, a theater, a circus, an three movie-theaters in Nikolsk-Ussuriysky.

Efter the October Revolution o 1917, the ceety's economy experiencit rapid growthe. The city specialisit in processin agricultural products. The name o the ceety wis chyngit tae Voroshilov in 1935 efter Kliment Voroshilov. Wi Nikita Khrushchev's ascent tae pouer efter Stalin's daith the ceety's name wis chyngit tae Ussuriysk efter the nearbi Ussuri River in 1957.

Till the 1980s, the ceety rankit seicont in the krai in population, haein anerlie recently yieldit tae Nakhodka. Ussuriysk is still seicont anerlie tae Vladivostok as a theatrical and heicher-educational centre (it is hame tae the Pedagogical an Agricultural Institutes, an the Heicher Militar Schuil).

Admeenistrative an municipal status[eedit | eedit soorce]

Athin the framewirk o admeenistrative diveesions, it is, thegither wi thirty-seiven landwart localities, incorporatit as Ussuriysk Ceety Unner Krai Jurisdiction—a admeenistrative unit wi the status equal tae that o the destricts.[1] As a municipal diveesion, Ussuriysk Ceety Unner Krai Jurisdiction is incorporatit as Ussuriysky Urban Okrug.[2]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety's industrie is representit bi 28 enterprises, includin 12 o the fuid industrie, 2 o licht industrie, 6 o metal industrie, an 4 o construction industry. Ussuriysk haes ayes specialisit in the production o consumer guids. That is why at present it is in a mair favorable situation as compared wi ither lairge ceeties o Primorye whaur enterprises o war industrie prevailed. The lairgest enterprises o licht industrie are Primorsky Sakhar (which provides the Roushie Far East wi sugar, producin 160,000 tonnes per year), Dalsoya (which produces vegetable ile, margarine, an soap), Ussuriysky Balsam (24 kynds o liqueur an vodka products, an balsams made o a blend o dozens o herbs). Five io Ussuriysky Balsam wur given diplomas of the first an the seicont degrees at aw-Roushie competition o alcohol products.

Ane mair economic featur o Ussuriysk is its wholesale trade. Thare are approximately 30 specialisit an multipurpose trade bases mony o which haed developit contacts wi foreign pairtners afore the external economic policy wis leeberalisit in Roushie.

Amang the ceety's ither enterprises that are wirth mentionin are the Grado firm which annually produces up tae 600,000 pairs o fuitwear, an the Locomotive Repairin Plant. The annual industrial ootput o Ussuriysk equals 8% o Primorsky Krai's production. Besides, the ceety is the crossin point o awl major heich-gates an railroads o the krai.

Theatres[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Ussuriysk Drama Theater o the Eastren Militar Destrict is locatit at #31 Sovyetskaya Street. The theater wis foondit in 1937 an is ane o the twa theaters o the Roushie Airmy (the ither is the Central Theater o the Roushie Airmy in Moscow). The theater maintains the militar–patriotic tendency an realistic style.

The Ussuriysk Drama Theater is locatit at #33 Volodarskogo Street. It wis opened in 1937. The theater is o classical tendencies. Plays are stagit baith for adults an childer. The haw can accommodate 428 fowk.

Airchitectur an monuments[eedit | eedit soorce]

The central pairt o the ceety, includin Lenina, Chicherina, Krasnoznamyonnaya, an Ageyeva Streets, is o historic value. The ceety's auldest hotel (#28 Lenina St.) wis constructit in 1880. #53 Lenina St., which hooses the ceety's auldest movie-theatre Grand-Illyuzion, wis built in 1908.

On the central square thare is a monument tae the Red Guards an partisans, who dee'd in the battles at Ussuriysk in Juin 1918. A monument tae Vladimir Lenin is on the Railwey Station Square.

Steam locomotive YeL 629 is set on plinth as a memorial tae three Bolshevik revolutionaries (Lazo, Lutsky, an Sibirtsev) who wur allegitly burned alive bi the White Gairds in its firebox in 1920.

Steam Locomotive YeL 629 in Ussuriysk

The Intercession Kirk at #80A Chicherina St. wis built in 1914. It is the anerlie releegious biggin in the krai that haes been kept athoot ony reconstruction syne 1917 an is uised for its oreeginal purpose.

The ceety's main Intercession Kirk. Built in 1914, it is ane o the few kirks in the region tae hae survivit the revolution an Communist periods

Landscape[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ussuriysk is vera green acause o mony trees (such as poplars, elms, an jasmine, hae been transplantit here frae the taiga) an rankit third efter Arsenyev an Vladivostok.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns an sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ussuriysk is twinned wi:

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Law #161-KZ
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Law #131-KZ
  3. "Предварительные итоги Всероссийской переписи населения 2010 года" [Preliminary results of the 2010 All-Russian Population Census]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  5. The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Законодательное Собрание Приморского края. Закон №161-КЗ от 14 ноября 2001 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Приморского края», в ред. Закона №855-КЗ от 18 ноября 2011 г «Об изменении категории некоторых населённых пунктов, о преобразовании некоторых городских поселений, входящих в состав Кавалеровского муниципального района Приморского края, и внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Приморского края». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красное знамя Приморья", №69 (119), 29 ноября 2001 г. (Legislative Assembly of Primorsky Krai. Law #161-KZ of November 14, 2001 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Primorsky Krai, as amended by the Law #855-KZ of November 18, 2011 On Changing the Category of Several Inhabited Localities, on the Transformation of Several Urban Settlements Within Kavalerovsky Municipal District of Primorsky Krai, and on Amending Several Legislative Acts of Primorsky Krai. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Приморского края. Закон №131-КЗ от 6 августа 2004 г. «Об Уссурийском городском округе», в ред. Закона №123-КЗ от 13 ноября 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Приморского края в связи с изменением наименований некоторых сельских населённых пунктов Приморского края». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости Законодательного Собрания Приморского края", №65, 9 августа 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Primorsky Krai. Law #131-KZ of August 6, 2004 On Ussuriysky Urban Okrug, as amended by the Law #123-KZ of November 13, 2012 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of Primorsky Krai Due to the Changes of Names of Some Rural Inhabited Localities of Primorsky Krai. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).