Seine-et-Marne

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Seine-et-Marne
Depairtment

Coat of arms
Location o Seine-et-Marne in Fraunce
Coordinates: 48°36′N 03°00′E / 48.600°N 3.000°E / 48.600; 3.000
Kintra Fraunce
Region Île-de-France
Prefectur Melun
Subprefecturs Fontainebleau
Meaux
Provins
Torcy
Government
 • Preses o the General Cooncil Vincent Eblé
Area1
 • Total 5,915 km2 (2,284 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Total 1,289,524
 • Rank 11t
 • Density 220/km2 (560/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Department number 77
Arrondissements 5
Cantons 43
Communes 514
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuars, an lakes, ponds, an glaciers lairger than 1 km2

Seine-et-Marne (French pronunciation: [sɛn e maʁn]) is a French depairtment, namit efter the Seine an Marne rivers, an locatit in the Île-de-France region.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Seine-et-Marne is ane o the oreeginal 83 depairtments, creatit on 4 Mairch 1790, durin the French Revolution in application o the law o 22 Dizember 1789. It haed previously belangit tae the umwhile province o Île-de-France.

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Seine-et-Marne forms a pairt o the Île-de-France region; the depairtment covers 49% o the region's laund aurie. It is bordered bi Val-d'Oise, Seine-Saint-Denis, Val-de-Marne, Essonne tae the wast; Loiret an Yonne tae the sooth; Aube an Marne tae the east; an Aisne an Oise tae the north.

The depairtment haes mony natural reserves, notably Brie an Gâtinais.

Principal touns include: Chelles, Torcy, Pontault-Combault, Lagny-sur-Marne, Coulommiers, Champs-sur-Marne, Nemours, Meaux, Melun, Montereau-Fault-Yonne, Brie-Comte-Robert, Provins, Fontainebleau as well as the new touns o Marne-la-Vallée and Sénart.

The heichest point o the département is Saint-George’s Hill (215 m).

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Seine-et-Marne haes a temperate Atlantic climate. The average rainfaw is based upon that o Fontainebleau, givin an average rainfaw o 650 mm, which is heicher than the average o Île-de-France (600 mm). Average temperatur in Melun durin the period 1953–2002 for Januar is 3.2°C an 18.6°C for Julie.

The storm o 26 Dizember 1999 led tae five daiths in Seine-et-Marne an caused several trees tae faw.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Wheat field near Saint-Fargeau-Ponthierry

With 60% of the region used as farmland, Seine-et-Marne is whaure most agricultural activity occurs within the Île-de-France. Cereals an succar beet are the principal exports from Seine-et-Marne.

The ither key industrial structurs are the refinery at Grandpuits an the Snecma research plant. The twa new touns are the centre o tourism for the depairtment, mainly due tae theme parks such as Disneyland Park an Walt Disney Studios Park at Disneyland Paris.

Demografics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Fowk frae Seine-et-Marne are kent as the Seine-et-Marnais.

Oreeginally Seine-et-Marne wis vera landwart an lichtly populatit. Ower the past 50 years, housomeivver, its population haes tripled, due tae the development o the Paris conurbation an the biggin o new touns. The population wis estimatit tae be 1,267,496 inhabitants in 2006. The region haes chyngit frae consistin anerlie o sma veelages tae formin a lairge pairt o the Paris conurbation.

Seine-et-Marne as a whole shares a sister ceety relationship wi Orlando, Florida, Unitit States, as baith host Disney theme pairks.

Place o birth o residents[eedit | eedit soorce]

Place of birth of residents of Seine-et-Marne in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
86.6% 13.4%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth¹ EU-15 immigrants² Non-EU-15 immigrants
1.4% 2.3% 3.8% 5.9%
¹This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France as of 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.
²An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Bibliografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Lion, Christian, La Mutuelle de Seine-et-Marne contre l'incendie de 1819 à 1969. Mutualité, assurance et cycles de l'incendie (Bruxelles etc., Peter Lang, 2008).

Tourism[eedit | eedit soorce]

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]