Bouches-du-Rhône

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Bouches-du-Rhône
Depairtment

Flag

Coat of arms
Location of Bouches-du-Rhône in Fraunce
Coordinates: 43°30′N 5°5′E / 43.500°N 5.083°E / 43.500; 5.083
Kintra France
Region Provence-Alpes-
Côte d'Azur
Prefectur Marseille
Subprefecturs Aix-en-Provence
Arles
Istres
Government
 • Preses o the General Cooncil Jean-Noël Guérini (PS)
Area1
 • Total 5,087 km2 (1,964 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Total 1,958,926
 • Rank 3rd
 • Density 390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Depairtment number 13
Arrondissements 4
Cantons 57
Communes 119
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, an lakes, ponds, an glaciers lairger than 1 km2
Istres, fowert lairgest toun o Bouches-du-Rhône (40,000 inhabitants)
Guardian hoose in Camargue
Castle o Tarascon

Bouches-du-Rhône (Occitan: Bocas de Ròse, lit. "Mooths o the Rhône") is a depairtment in the sooth o Fraunce named efter the mooth o the Rhône River.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

History o the department[eedit | eedit soorce]

Bouches-du-Rhône is ane o the oreeginal 83 depairtments creatit durin the French Revolution on 4 Mairch 1790. It wis creatit frae the wastren pairt o the umwhile province o Provence an the principalities o Orange, Martigues, an Lambesc. It lost pairt o its territory in 1793, includin Orange an Apt, when the Vaucluse depairtment wis creatit.

Follaein its creation, the depairtment wis immediately strangly an actively supportive o the French Revolution, containin 90 "Jacobin Clubs" by 1794.[1] It wis an aa noteworthy that mair than 50% o the priests in the depairtment acceptit the Ceevil Constitution o the Clergy which in effect subordinatit the kirk tae the govrenment.[2] Durin the ascendancy o the Communist Pairty in the twintiet century election results indicatit that support for left-wing politics remained relatively strang in the depairtment, an especially in the northren suburbs o Marseille.

History o the aurie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The history o the aurie is closely linked tae that o Provence. Marseille haes been an important harbor syne afore Julius Caesar's conquest o Gaul. The Roman presence haes left numerous monuments athort the depairtment.

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The depairtment is pairt o the current region o Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur. It is surroondit bi the depairtments o Gard on the wast, Vaucluse on the north, an Var on the east, an bi the Mediterranean Sea on the sooth.

Marseille contains an important harbor.

Ither ceeties include:

Rivers include:

  • Rhône, which forms the border wi the Gard depairtment
  • Rhône delta (the Camargue), in the soothwastren pairt o the depairtment
  • Durance
  • Arc
  • Huveaune

Lakes include:

Muntains include:

Cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

The depairtment is well representit in French airt. Paul Cézanne paintit numerous representations o the Mont Sainte-Victoire. Vincent van Gogh spent hintle o his life in Arles, paintin mony scenes in the aurie.

See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Bouches-du-Rhone at the Open Directory Project

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Albert Ceccarelli, La Révolution à l’Isle sur la Sorgue et en Vaucluse, Éditions Scriba, 1989, 2-86736-018-8, p 27
  2. Albert Ceccarelli, La Révolution..., p 30