São Bernardo do Campo

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São Bernardo do Campo
Municipality
The Municipality o
São Bernardo do Campo

Flag

Seal
Nickname(s): The Automobile Caipital
Motto: Pavlistarvm Terra Mater
(Mither Land o the Paulistas)
São Bernardo do Campo is located in Brazil
São Bernardo do Campo
São Bernardo do Campo
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 23°42′00″S 46°33′00″W / 23.70000°S 46.55000°W / -23.70000; -46.55000
Kintra Banner o Brazil Brazil
Region Sootheast
State Bandeira do estado de São Paulo.svg São Paulo
Government
 • Mayor Luiz Marinho (PT)
Area
 • Municipality 407.1 km2 (157.2 sq mi)
 • Land 331.28 km2 (127.91 sq mi)
 • Water 75.82 km2 (29.27 sq mi)  18.6%
 • Urban 118.74 km2 (45.85 sq mi)
 • Metro 212.54 km2 (82.06 sq mi)
Elevation 762 m (2,500 ft)
Population (2007)[1]
 • Municipality 781,390
 • Density 1,919.40/km2 (4,971.2/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
Postal Code 09600-000
Area code(s) +55 11
HDI (2008) 0.834 – high
Website São Bernardo do Campo

São Bernardo do Campo is a municipality in the state o São Paulo, in soothren Metropolitan São Paulo an São Paulo microregion. The municipality's total aurie is 408.45 km ² an a population estimatit at 1 Julie 2009, accordin tae the IBGE, wis 810,979 inhabitants, which results in a population density of 1,962.5 inhabitants / km ².

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety wis foondit bi João Ramalho in 1553 an wis kent as Vila de Santo André da Borda do Campo de Piratininga, suin transferred tae anither nearbi place, safer frae hostile tribes. It is, housomeivver, historically perceived as the first Brazilian settlement built away frae the sea. The oreeginal settlement wis then resettled as São Bernardo, became a parish in 1812 an became a municipality in 1890. In 1938, it became a pairt o the Santo André destrict anerlie tae be separatit again in 1945.

The aurie whaur São Bernardo do Campo, Santo André, São Caetano do Sul, an Diadema are locatit wis ance a ferm awned bi Benedictine monks, who awned enslaved Africans. Bi the seicont hauf o the 19t century, European immigrants stairtit tae come tae the aurie, mainly frae Italy. Italians settled in cottages in the rural aurie o São Bernardo do Campo that wur cried colônias. Bi the beginnin o the 20t century, Japanese immigrants arrived, maist o them going tae the neighborhuid cried Cooperativa.

Industry, pairticularly metal wirks, thrivit in the ceety durin the 1960s, when São Bernardo do Campo became kent as Brazil's Automobile Caipital (Portuguese: a Capital do Automóvel). Mony o these plants hae syne relocatit tae ither regions but the automobile industry remains a vital pairt o the history o São Bernardo do Campo. The ceety is an aw kent for its furnitur industry developed bi Italian immigrants, who helped São Bernardo do Campo become a Heich-Tech industrial pole.

Industrialization an aw attractit migrants frae the Brazilian Northeastren region in the 1960s. Amang them wis the family o Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, who grew up in the region. The umwhile preses o Brazil wirkt in automobile factories in São Bernardo do Campo in the 1970s, haein become a union an anti-military dictatorship figur, albeit controversial, afore being electit preses o the republic.

São Bernardo an aw contributit tae the development o Brazilian cinema, mainly durin the 50s an 60s, thanks tae the Vera Cruz studios, which produced a great number o muivies an revealed mony notorious actors.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Locatit in the heich ane o the Muntain Range o the Sea, o the Atlantic plateau, occupees an area o 407,1 square kilometres, an the altitude varies atween 60 meters o the level o the sea, in the junctur o Rio Passareúva wi the river o the Grinders Foot o the Muntain Range, tae 986.5 meters, in the peak o the Bonilha, in the neighborhuid Montanhão.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Accordin the Köppen climate classification São Bernardo do Campo haes a humid subtropical climate. On average o the maximum temperaturs is o 24.7 Celsius, on average o the minimums is o 15.08 an on average is o 19.09 Celsius. In the 2010, the simmer reached temperaturs o 39°C an 40°C in Januar-Februar. An aw in simmer, normally in a few days occurs hivy storms that hits the ceety, reachin 110mm each ane. Winter is the cauldest o the ABC region. Some days in Julie an August, the temperaturs reaches 8°C or less, but when winter is in the end, the hot begin again wi temperaturs reachin a ratin o 23°C to 27°C.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

As o the census o 2006, the population wis 803,906, makkin it the seicont maist muckle suburb o São Paulo, an fowert maist muckle ceety in the state. The population density wis 1,937.02/km². The ceety is a municipality locatit in the Greater São Paulo aurie.

Color/Race Percentage
Whites 50,4%
Broun 40,8%
Blacks 6,7%
Asian or Amerindian 2%

Source: PNAD.[1]

Ethnic groups[eedit | eedit soorce]

The population is composed o, or descends frae African-Luso-Brazilians—Luso meanin Portuguese, Italians, Arabs an Asie, maistly Japanese, as well as Spaniards an Germans.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

The real estate is ane o the fastest growin in the ceety.

St. Bernard, frae the 50's haed its economy based on the auto industry - Be the first automakers tae Brazil, such as Volkswagen, Ford, Scania, Toyota, Mercedes-Benz, Karmann Ghia - an paint industries as BASF , which produces paints Suvinil, an auto pairts industries that support them an the lairgest industrial plant in the warld o Colgate-Palmolive toothpaste.

In the 1990s, the economy o the region haed a wide variation, which increased the importance o the service sector in the ceety. The trade is diverse an foond in ivery neighborhuid, especially the traditional trade Marshal Deodoro Street an environs, an the naitionally kent Center Furniture Jurubatuba, which gives the Sao Bernardo do Campo in the name o Mobile Caipital. The construction an urban reform wis boostit in 2008 wi the construction o the soothren section o the beltway, a ring road in the Metropolitan Region o São Paulo, Avenida Pery Ronchetti wi duplication an channelin Saracantan stream, plus the construction o mony buildings, maistly residential, wi reforms o the Metropolis Mall, the Golden Shopping Mall Heart o the inauguration o the new Ceety Haw.

Education[eedit | eedit soorce]

Colleges an universities[eedit | eedit soorce]

The day[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety is a core pairt o the ABC region (A = Santo André, B = São Bernardo do Campo, C = São Caetano do Sul).

Public transportation in São Bernardo do Campo is providit bi ETCSBC (Empresa de Transporte Coletivo de São Bernardo do Campo) and EMTU (Empresa Metropolitana de Transportes Urbanos, "Metropolitan Urban Transport Company").

The ceety is kent for important private universities such as the Universidade Metodista de São Paulo an Centro Universitário FEI.

SBC is an aw kent acause o the number o sma Newspapers that the ceety haes, for example: Jornal da Balsa, Jornal Hoje, Tribuna do ABCD, an mair.

There is the Diário do Grande ABC a daily news aboot aw region, the paper is locatit in Santo André, but it is distributit in aw ABC an some pairts o São Paulo.

Northwest: Diadema North: São Paulo (except for Diadema) Northeast: São Caetano do Sul an Santo André
West: São Paulo (except for Diadema)
São Bernardo do Campo East: Cubatão
South: São Vicente Southeast: Cubatão

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]