Mytishchi

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For ither places, see Mytishchi (inhabitit locality).
Mytishchi (Scots)
Мытищи (Roushie)
-  City[citation needit]  -
Mytischi railway station.jpg
Mytishchi railway station
Map of Russia - Moscow Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location o Moscow Oblast in Roushie
Mytishchi is located in Moscow Oblast
Mytishchi
Mytishchi
Location o Mytishchi in Moscow Oblast
Coordinates: 55°55′N 37°46′E / 55.917°N 37.767°E / 55.917; 37.767
Coat of Arms of Mytishchinsky rayon (Moscow oblast).png
Flag of Mytishchi (Moscow oblast).png
Coat o airms
Banner
City Day Ane o the Sundays in September[citation needit]
Admeenistrative status
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Moscow Oblast
Admeenistrative destrict Mytishchinsky Destrict[citation needit]
Admeenistrative center o Mytishchinsky Destrict[citation needit]
Municipal status
Municipal destrict Mytishchinsky Municipal Destrict[citation needit]
Urban dounset Mytishchi Urban Settlement[citation needit]
Head[citation needit] Alexander Kazakov[citation needit]
Representative body Cooncil o Deputies[citation needit]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census,
preliminary)
173,160 inhabitants[1]
Rank in 2010 105t
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[2]
Founded 1460[citation needit]
Dialin code(s) +7 495[citation needit]
Offeecial wabsteid

Mytishchi (Roushie: Мытищи; IPA: [mɨˈtʲiɕːɪ]) is a ceety an the admeenistrative center o Mytishchinsky Destrict o Moscow Oblast, Roushie, which lees tae the northeast o Roushie's caipital Moscow, on the Yauza River an the Moscow–Yaroslavl railroad. Population: 173,160 (2010 Census);[1] 159,900 (2002 Census);[3] 154,068 (1989 Census);[4] 125,000 (1973); 60,000 (1939).

Mytishchi is famous for its aqueduct, built in the 18t century bi order o Catherine the Great. It wis the first watter supply constructit in Roushie tae provide the Kremlin wi pure watter.

The ceety is the oblast's lairgest center for industry (machine biggin, airms industry in pairticular) an education.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The first settlement o auncient fowk (hunters an fishermen) is datit tae the 6t–8t millennia BCE, i.e. in the late Stone Age. In the 8t–9t centuries, first Slavic tribes (Vyatichs an Krivichs) began settlin here. In an aroond the Mytishchi destrict aboot a dozen o such settlements (11t–13t centuries) are kent.

The settlement o Mytishchi haes been kent syne 1460, syne the 19t century as Bolshiye Mytishchi (Большие Мытищи). The history o the veelage is closely linkit tae the Yauzsky port. Mytishchi wis an important place on the trade ship route. Through this site commercial ships haed been hauled athort on wheels, rollers, or skids frae the Yauza River tae the Klyazma River. Merchants haed tae pay a duty for this. The settlement got its name thanks tae the duty, which haed been kent as myt (мыт).

In the middle o the 19t century, the population o the veelage was 389. Toun status wis grantit in 1925.

Twin ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  3. "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  4. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]