Mazandaran Province

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Location o Mazandaran athin Iran

Mazandaran Province (Persian: استان مازندران, Ostān-e Māzandarān ) [1] is a Caspian province in the north o Iran.[2] Locatit on the soothren coast o the Caspian Sea, it is bordered clockwise bi the Golestan, Semnan, Tehran, Alborz, Qazvin, an Gilan provinces.

Mazandaran is ane o the maist densely populatit provinces in Iran[3] an haes diverse natural resources, especially lairge reservoirs o ile an natural gas.[4] The province's five lairgest coonties are Sari, Behshahr, Babol, Amol an Qaemshahr.[5] Foondit as province in 1937, Mazandaran wis declared the seicont modren province efter neighbourin Gilan.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Based on Maz or Mazan Term: Mazandarani: مازرون Māzerūn, Persian: مازندران, Roushie: Мазендеран‎.
    Based on Tapur Term: Inglis: Tapuria, Arabic: Tabaristan, frae Persie: Taparistan
    Mazandarani:Tapurana.(no prevalent)
    Auncient Greek: Hyrcanie came from local name Vergana (Persie Gorgan), Caspie frae local name Kaspi, See Caspian Sea.
    Firdawsi cried the Caspian region Gilan, so fowk refer tae Caspian provinces as Gilan.
    Note: It wis an aa kent as Al-Jannat bi the Arabs, meanin paradise, durin the 7–8t centuries. In the early 20t century, Reza Shah connectit northren Elbourz tae the soothren slopes bi constructin 7 new roads an railways, the provinces o Mazandaran an Gilan became kent as Shomal bi the Persians (meanin the North in Arabic).
  2. Keddie, N. R.; 1968; The Iranian villages before and after land reform. Journal of Contemporary History, 3(3), 69–78.
  3. Statistical Centre, Govrenment of Iran. See: "General Characteristics of Ostans according to their administrative divisions at the end of 1383 (2005 CE)", "Population estimation by urban and rural areas, 2005"
  4. University of Mazanderan
  5. Census Results, 2006: Sari: 490.830, Babel: 464.535, Amel: 343.747, Shahi: 293.721.
    Iranian 2006 Census Website, Information File (in Persian)

Template:Mazandaran Province