Wolfram Mathematica

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Wolfram Mathematica
Mathematica Logo.svg
Developer(s)Wolfram Research
Ineetial releaseJuin 23, 1988; 32 years ago (1988-06-23)[1]
Written inWolfram Language,[2] C/C++, Java[3]
PlatformWindows (7, 8, 10), macOS, Linux, Raspbian, online service.[4] All platforms support 64-bit implementations.[5] (list)
Available inEnglish, Cheenese, Japanese
Teepnumerical analysis[6], statistics
LicenseProprietary
Websitewww.wolfram.com/mathematica/
Wolfram Language
Paradigm(s)Multi-paradigm: term-rewriting, functional
Appeared in1988
Designed biStephen Wolfram
DeveloperWolfram Research
Stable release12.1[7] (Mairch 18, 2020; 4 months ago (2020-03-18))
Major implementationsMathematica, Wolfram|One, Mathics, Expreduce, MockMMA
Influenced bi
Influenced
OSCross-platform
LicenseProprietary (available at no-cost for some platforms)[12]
Usual filename extensions.nb, .m, .wl
Wabsteidwww.wolfram.com/language/

Wolfram Mathematica (usually callit Mathematica) is a modern technical computin system made bi Wolfram Research.[13][14][15][16]

Features[eedit | eedit soorce]

Today, Wolfram Mathematica is usit for the followin purposes:

Version history[eedit | eedit soorce]

Syne 1988, Wolfram Research has releasit the followin versions o Wolfram Mathematica:[26]

  • 1.0 – June 23, 1988[27][28][29][30]
  • 1.1 – October 31, 1988
  • 1.2 – August 1, 1989[30][31]
  • 2.0 – January 15, 1991[30][32]
  • 2.1 – June 15, 1992[30]
  • 2.2 – June 1, 1993[30][33]
  • 3.0 – September 3, 1996[34]
  • 4.0 – May 19, 1999[30][35]
  • 4.1 – November 2, 2000[30]
  • 4.2 – November 1, 2002[30]
  • 5.0 – June 12, 2003[30][36]
  • 5.1 – October 25, 2004[30][37]
  • 5.2 – June 20, 2005[30][38]
  • 6.0 – May 1, 2007[39][40]
  • 7.0 – November 18, 2008[41]
  • 8.0 – November 15, 2010[42]
  • 9.0 – November 28, 2012[43]
  • 10.0 – July 9, 2014[44]
  • 10.1 – March 30, 2015[45]
  • 10.2 – July 14, 2015[46]
  • 10.3 – October 15, 2015
  • 10.4 – March 2, 2016
  • 11.0.0 – August 8, 2016[47]
  • 11.0.1 – September 28, 2016
  • 11.1 – March 16, 2017[48]
  • 11.1.1 – April 25, 2017
  • 11.2 – September 14, 2017[49]
  • 11.3 – March 8, 2018[50]
  • 12.0 – April 16, 2019[51]
  • 12.1 - March 18, 2020[52]

This system is made wi the Wolfram language (programmin leid namit after Stephen Wolfram).

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Wolfram, Stephen (23 Jun 2008), Mathematica Turns 20 Today, Wolfram, retrieved 16 May 2012
  2. "Celebrating Mathematica's First Quarter Century". Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  3. The Software Engineering of Mathematica—Wolfram Mathematica 9 Documentation. Reference.wolfram.com. Retrieved on 2015-03-23.
  4. Raspberry Pi Includes Mathematica for Free The Verge
  5. "Wolfram Mathematica". Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  6. Cotta, R. M., Leonardo, S. D. B., & Mikhailov, M. D. (2001). Applied Numerical Analysis with Mathematica. Editora E-papers.
  7. "In Less Than a Year, So Much New: Launching Version 12.1 of Wolfram Language & Mathematica".
  8. Maeder, Roman E. (1994). The Mathematica® Programmer. Academic Press, Inc. p. 6. ISBN 978-1-48321-415-3.
  9. "Wolfram Language Q&A". Wolfram Research. Retrieved 2016-12-05.
  10. Bezanson, Jeff; Karpinski, Stefan; Shah, Viral; Edelman, Alan (2012-02-14). "Why We Created Julia". Julia Language. Retrieved 2016-12-01.
  11. Hickey, Rich. "Clojure Bookshelf". Amazon.com. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2017-10-03. Retrieved 2020-05-06.
  12. Stephen Wolfram Aims to Democratize His Software by Steve Lohr, The New York Times, December 14, 2015
  13. Cheung, C. K., Keough, G. E., Gross, R. H., & Landraitis, C. (2005). Getting started with Mathematica. Wiley.
  14. Mangano, S. (2010). Mathematica Cookbook: Building Blocks for Science, Engineering, Finance, Music, and More. " O'Reilly Media, Inc.".
  15. Gass, R. (1997). Mathematica for scientists and engineers: using Mathematica to do science. Prentice Hall PTR.
  16. Shaw, W. T., & Tigg, J. (1993). Applied Mathematica: getting started, getting it done. Addison-Wesley Longman Publishing Co., Inc..
  17. Maeder, R. E. (2000). Computer Science with MATHEMATICA®: Theory and Practice for Science, Mathematics, and Engineering. Cambridge University Press.
  18. Abbena, E., Salamon, S., & Gray, A. (2017). Modern differential geometry of curves and surfaces with Mathematica. CRC Press.
  19. Davis, H. T., & Thomson, K. T. (2000). Linear Algebra and Linear Operators in Engineering: With Applications in Mathematica®. Elsevier.
  20. Baumann, G. (2013). Symmetry analysis of differential equations with Mathematica®. Springer Science & Business Media.
  21. Abell, M. L., & Braselton, J. P. (2016). Differential equations with Mathematica. Academic Press.
  22. Gray, A., Mezzino, M., & Pinsky, M. A. (1997). Introduction to ordinary differential equations with Mathematica: an integrated multimedia approach. Springer.
  23. Ross, C. C. (2013). Differential equations: an introduction with Mathematica®. Springer Science & Business Media.
  24. Kythe, P. K., Schäferkotter, M. R., & Puri, P. (2018). Partial differential equations and Mathematica. CRC Press.
  25. Ganzha, V. G. E., & Vorozhtsov, E. V. (1996). Numerical solutions for partial differential equations: problem solving using Mathematica (Vol. 7). CRC Press.
  26. "Mathematica Latest Version and Quick Revision History". Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  27. Mathematica: The Scrapbook, Wolfram, archived frae the oreeginal on 18 May 2012, retrieved 16 May 2012
  28. "The Mathematica Journal: Volume 9, Issue 1: News Bulletins". Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  29. Supercomputer Pictures Solve the Once Insoluble, John Markoff, October 30, 1988.
  30. 30.00 30.01 30.02 30.03 30.04 30.05 30.06 30.07 30.08 30.09 30.10 Nasser M. Abbasi. "A little bit of Mathematica history".
  31. Mathematica 1.2 adds new graphics options: upgrade also promises concurrent operations by Elinor Craig, MacWeek, July 25, 1989.
  32. Mathematica + 283 functions = Mathematica 2.0 by Raines Cohen, MacWeek, January 15, 1991.
  33. New version of Mathematica, Mechanical Engineering, June 1, 1993.
  34. "Wolfram News Archive". Wolfram.com. Retrieved 2013-08-16.
  35. Mathematica 4.0 by Charles Seiters, Macworld, October 1, 1999.
  36. Mathematica 5.0 Adds Up: Exactly 15 years after Mathematica's initial release, Wolfram Research has released Mathematica, PC Magazine, September 3, 2003.
  37. Mathematica 5.1's Web Services Add Up; Mathematica 5.1 delivers improvements over Version 5.0 that are vastly out of proportion for a .1 upgrade. by Peter Coffee, eWeek, December 6, 2004.
  38. Mathematica hits 64-bit, MacWorld UK, July 13, 2005.
  39. Today, Mathematica is reinvented – Blog by Stephen Wolfram
  40. Mathematica 6: Felix Grant finds that version 6 of Wolfram Research's symbolic mathematical software really does live up to its expectations. Scientific Computing, 2007.
  41. Mathematica 7.0 Released Today! – Blog by Stephen Wolfram
  42. "Stephen Wolfram blog: Mathematica 8!". Retrieved 18 November 2010.
  43. "Stephen Wolfram blog: Mathematica 9 Is Released Today!". Retrieved 28 November 2012.
  44. "Stephen Wolfram blog: Launching Mathematica 10–with 700+ New Functions and a Crazy Amount of R&D". Retrieved 9 July 2014.
  45. "Wolfram Research News » Mathematica 10.1 is Now Available!". Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  46. "Mathematica Latest Version and Quick Revision History". Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  47. "Stephen Wolfram blog: Today We Launch Version 11!". Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  48. "Stephen Wolfram blog: The R&D Pipeline Continues: Launching Version 11.1". Retrieved 16 March 2017.
  49. "Stephen Wolfram blog: It's Another Impressive Release! Launching Version 11.2 Today". Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  50. "Stephen Wolfram blog: Roaring into 2018 with Another Big Release: Launching Version 11.3 of the Wolfram Language & Mathematica". Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  51. "Stephen Wolfram blog: Version 12 Launches Today! (And It's a Big Jump for Wolfram Language and Mathematica)". Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  52. "Stephen Wolfram In Less Than a Year, So Much New: Launching Version 12.1 of Wolfram Language & Mathematica". Retrieved 18 March 2020.

External links[eedit | eedit soorce]