Computer science

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Computer science (abbreviatit CS or CompSci) is the scienteefic an practical approach tae computation an its applications. It is the systematic stiddy o the feasibility, structur, expression, an mechanization o the methodical proceedurs (or algorithms) that underlie the acquisition, representacioun, procesin, storage, communicaition o, an access tae information, whethir such information is encodit as bits in a computer memory or transcribit in genes an protein structurs in a biological cell.[1] An alternate, mair succinct definition o computer science is the study o automatin algorithmic processes that scale. A computer scientist specializes in the theorie a computation an the design o computational systems.[2]

Its subfields can be dividit intae a varietie o theoretical an practical disciplines. Some fields, such as computational complexitie theorie (which exploires the fundamental properties o computational an intractable problams), are hielie abstract, while fields such as computer graphics emphasize real-world visual applications. Still other fields focus on the challenges in implementin computation. Fer example, programming leid theorie considers various approaches tae the description o computation, while the stiddy o computer programmin itsel investigates various aspects o the use o programmin leid an complex systems. Human–computer interaction considers the challenges in makkin computers an computations usefull, uisable, an universally accessible tae humans.

Areas relatit tae computer science[eedit | eedit soorce]

Further readin[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Knuth, Donald E. (1996). Selected Papers on Computer Science. CSLI Publications, Cambridge University Press.
  • Collier, Bruce (1990). The little engine that could've: The calculating machines of Charles Babbage. Garland Publishing Inc. ISBN 978-0-8240-0043-1.
  • Cohen, Bernard (2000). Howard Aiken, Portrait of a computer pioneer. The MIT press. ISBN 978-0-262-53179-5.
  • Tedre, Matti (2014). The Science of Computing: Shaping a Discipline. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis.
  • Randell, Brian (1973). The origins of Digital computers, Selected Papers. Springer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-540-06169-4.
  • Peter J. Denning. Is computer science science?, Communications of the ACM, April 2005.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "What is Computer Science?" (PDF). Boston University Department of Computer Science. Spring 2003. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
  2. "WordNet Search - 3.1". Wordnetweb.princeton.edu. Retrieved 14 Mey 2012.

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