Viola riviniana

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Viola riviniana
Scienteefic classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Violaceae
Genus: Viola
Species: V. riviniana
Binomial name
Viola riviniana

Viola riviniana, the Common Dug-violet, is a species o the genus Viola. It is also cried wid violet or dug viole. It is a perennial yerb o widlaund rides, grasslaund an shady hedge banks. It is foond in aw soils except acid or very wet.

It is a perennial, which flouers frae Aprile tae Juin.

Viola riviniana wis votit the Coonty flouer o Lincolnshire in 2002 followin a poll bi the wild plant conservation charity Plantlife.[1]

Name[eedit | eedit soorce]

The name 'Dug' - probably suggests that this plant wis thought tae be inferior tae the scentit violet (viola odorata), which wis particularly favoured durin the Victorian Era.

Wildlife value[eedit | eedit soorce]

It is the fuidplant o the Pearl bordered fritillary, Smaa Pearl-bordered Fritillary, Siller-washed Fritillary an Heich Broun Fritillary butterflee.

Similar speshies[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Sweet Violet Viola odorata - sweetly scentit an haes aw the leaves at the base o the plant, the stipules are gland tipped
  • Heath Dug Violet Viola canina - haes clear blue flouers, narrower leaves an smawer teeth on the stipules
  • Marsh Violet Viola palustris - foond in wet places, leaves are kidney shaped which come frae unnerground creepin stems, an the flouers are dark-veined. The stipules hae na teeth at aw.
  • Alpine Violet Viola labradorica - V. riviniana is sometimes sold bi nurseries as V. labradorica.

Note that pansies are also o the Viola Genus.

Hybrids[eedit | eedit soorce]

This species hybridises wi Early Dog-violet (V. reichenbachiana) tae produce Viola × bavarica.

Cultural icon[eedit | eedit soorce]

Dug violets, an badges depictin them,[2][3] wur sauld in fund-raisin efforts in the UK an Australie on an aroond Violet Day[4] in commemoration o the lost soldiers o Warld War I.

Further readin[eedit | eedit soorce]

Identification[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Partridge, James (2007) Viola × bavarica: the punctual Dug-violet BSBI News 106:8-9 (illustrated wi colour photographs on inside back cover o this edeetion)

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Plantlife website County Flowers page
  2. NMA Collections Search National Museum of Australia (2003-2010) - Violet Day 1917 fundraising badge
  3. Worthopedia WW1 1917 Violet Day Badge with image
  4. Family History South Australia Leadbeater,B (2006). World War 1 Violet Day South Australia.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Media relatit tae Viola riviniana at Wikimedie Commons