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20090715 Tetovo view from the mountain.jpg
Banner o Tetovo
Official seal of Tetovo
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Coordinates: 42°00′N 20°58′E / 42.000°N 20.967°E / 42.000; 20.967Coordinates: 42°00′N 20°58′E / 42.000°N 20.967°E / 42.000; 20.967
Country Macedonie
MunicipalityTetovo Municipality
 • Total1068 km2 (412 sq mi)
468 m (1,535 ft)
 • Total52,915
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
Area code(s)+389 044
Caur platesTE
[1] .

Tetovo (Macedonie: Тетово, [ˈtɛtɔvɔ] ( listen); Albanie: Tetova, Tetovë; Turkis: Kalkandelen) is a ceity in the northwastren pairt o Macedonie, biggit on the fuithills o Šar Muntain an dividit bi the Pena River.

The ceity covers an area o 1,080 km2 (417 sq mi) at 468 metres (1,535 ft) abuin sea level, wi a population o 86,580 ceitizens in the municipality.[1] Tetovo is hame tae the State University o Tetovo an Sooth East European University. The ceity o Tetovo is the seat o Tetovo Municipality.

The hame o several ethnic Albanie poleetical pairties an a population in which Albanies form a majority, Tetovo haes acome the unoffeecial caipital o a predominantly Albanie region which extends in an airc frae Skopje tae Ohrid.[2][3] It is an aa hame tae the Naitional Democratic Pairty, an Albanie naitionalist poleetical entity.[2]

Name[eedit | eedit soorce]

Accordin tae a legend Tetovo means "Tetoo's place" an, accordin tae meeth, the toun wis named efter the legendary hero Tetoo, who supposedly leared the toun o snakes.

Anither etymology o the name Tetovo is that it comes frae the Slavic wird "hteti" meanin: wantin, wantit. Hence, the name Tetovo comes frae its oreeginal ruits Htetovo or a "place whaur we want tae live". The initial /h/ soond wis regularly lost in Macedonie. The Albanie variant is a direct adaptation o the oreeginal Slavic name (see -ovo/-evo).

The name o the ceety in Turkis is Kalkandelen. Kalkan is a kynd o widden ruiftop, as this wis the wey aw the hooses wur biggit centuries ago.

Main sichts[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Šarena Džamija ("The Painted Mosque"). It is locatit near the Pena river in the auld pairt o toun. The mosque wis biggit in 1438 an rebuilt in 1833 bi Abdurrahman Pasha, the son o Rexhep Pasha.
    The Paintit Mosque.
  • Lešok Monastery. The Monastery o Lešok wi the kirks o St. Athanasius an o the Kirk o the Holy Virgin are anerlie 8 kilometres (5 mi) away frae Tetovo, bi the road leadin tae the veelage o Brezno. The Kirk o the Holy Virgin, biggit in 1326, is an excellent example o Byzantine style an airchitectural tradeetion. The kirk haes three layers o frescoes. The 1st an bottom layer is frae the first time o construction, the seicont an middle ane wis addit sometime in the 17t century, an the third an tap layer wis addit in 1879. Several marble columns frae the oreeginal kirk can still be seen in the Tetovo museum. The kirk o St. Athanasius wis biggit in 1924 next tae the kirk o the Holy Mither o God. In the yard o the Monastery o Lešok is the tomb o the cleric, writer an enlichtener Kiril Peichinovich, who wis born in 1770. In his honour, this monastery hosts an Internaitional Meetin o Literary Translators. Tetovo is an aw a host tae the Festival o the Macedonie Choirs.
  • Tetovo Hamam, biggit aroond the same time as the Šarena Džamija an wis mainly uised for Wudu (avdes, abdest).
Pena River in Tetovo.
  • Tetovo Kale Fortress (Baltepes Fortress), locatit on the tap o the Baltepes hill, abuin Tetovo. It wis biggit in 1820 frae Abdurahman Pasha.
  • Arabati Baba Tekke, biggit bi Sersem Ali Dede frae 1538–1548
  • Tetovo's Stane Brig, ane o three stane brigs in the ceety. It crosses the Pena River

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

The first census efter the creation o the Socialist Republic o Macedonie in 1953 recordit the population o Tetovo at 20,594 individuals, o whom a plurality o 7,916 (38.4%) wur Macedonie, 7,174 or 34.8% wur Albanie, 4,472 or 21.7% wur Turkis an 503 or 2.4% wure Serbs.[4]

As o 2002, the Municipality o Tetovo haes 86,580 indwallers an the ethnic composition wis the follaein:[5]

Releegion[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Albanie community o Tetovo practices Islam, an pairt o it is o Bektashi faith. Tetovo's Arabati Baba Tekke haes historically been baith a centre o pilgrimage an o Albanie naitionalism.[6] The Turkis population is an aa predominantly Muslim. Macedonies, housomeivver, are maistly Orthodox Christians.

Tourism[eedit | eedit soorce]

Popova Šapka Ski Resort

Popova Šapka is a ski resort locatit in the Šar Muntains. Despite bein aroond 7 kilometers away frae the Tetovo ceety centre, it is still generally associatit wi Tetovo. Popova Šapka attracts mony tourists durin the winter saison due it bein ane o the popular ski resorts in the umwhile Yugoslavie. Despite the recreational an competitive skiin competitions, Popova Šapka haes mony villas an restaurant tae accommodate the fowk. The rise in hotels wis due tae the fact that the cable caur that teuk fowk frae Tetovo tae Popova Šapka wis destroyed durin the 2001 Macedonie conflict. Therefore, the fowk stay at Popova Šapka ower nicht afore returnin tae Tetovo.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tetovo is twinned wi:

See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. a b 2002 Census results
  2. a b Cook, Bernard A. (2001). Europe since 1945: an encyclopedia. Taylor & Francis. pp. 814–. ISBN 9780815340584.
  3. Trankova, Dimana (2011). "Tito, Teto and Some Troubled Tourism Await You in Tetovo, Macedonia". Balkan Traveller. Archived frae the original on 2 October 2011. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  4. 1953 census
  5. 2002 census results in Inglis an Macedonie (PDF)
  6. Coughlin, Kathryn M. (2006). Muslim cultures today: a reference guide. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 18. ISBN 9780313323867.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]