Taweret

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Taweret
Goddess o bairnbirth
Taweret.svg
The river goddess Taweret, portrayed as a bipedal hippopotamus wi limbs like those o a feline. Her haund rests on the sa sign, a hieroglyph that means “protection.”
Name in hieroglyphs
X1G1G36
D21
X1I12
Major cult centrer No applicable; Taweret wis a hoosehauld deity worshippit throuoot Egyp.
Symbol the sa, ivory dagger, Hippopotamus
Consort Seth, in accordance wi Plutarch’s accoont
Affspring Amun-Re (Ptolemaic)

In Egyptian meethologie, Taweret (spelled Taurt, Tuat, Taouris, Tuart, Ta-weret, Tawaret, Twert, an Taueret an aw, an in Greek, Θουέρις "Thouéris" an Toeris ) is the protective auncient Egyptian goddess o bairnbirth an growthiness. The name "Taweret" (Tȝ-wrt) means, "she who is great" or simply, "great ane," a common paceeficatory address tae dangerous deities.[1] The deity is teepically depictit as a bipedal female hippopotamus wi feline attributes, pendulous female human breasts, an the back o a Nile crocodile. She commonly bears the epithets “Lady o Heiven,” “Mistress o the Horizon,” “She Who Remuives Watter,” “Mistress o Pur Watter,” an “Lady o the Birth Hoose.”[2]

Bibliografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Allen, James. The Ancient Egyptian Pyramid Texts. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2005.
  • Atlenmüller, Hartwig. Die Apotopaia und Die Götter Mittelägyptens. Munich: Ludwig-Maximilians Varsity, 1965.
  • Beinlich, Horst. Das Buch vom Fayum : zum religiösen Eigenverständnis einer ägyptischen Landschaft. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1991.
  • Germond, Philippe an Jacques Livet. An Egyptian Bestiary. Lunnon: Thames an Hudson, 2001.
  • Houser-Wegner, Jennifer. “Taweret.” In The Ancient Gods Speak : A Guide tae Egyptian Religion. Edited bi Donald Redford. Oxford: Oxford Varsity Press, 2002. 351-352.
  • Parker, R.A. “Ancient Egyptian Astronomy.” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Mathematical and Physical Sciences. 276:1257 (1974), 51-65.
  • Pinch, Geraldine. Egyptian Mythology : A Guide tae Gods, Goddesses, and Traditions of Ancient Egypt. Oxford: Oxford Varsity Press, 2002.
  • Pinch, Geraldine. Magic in Ancient Egypt. Lunnon: Breetish Museum Press, 1994.
  • Verner, Miroslav. "A Statue of Twert (Cairo Museum no. 39145) Dedicated by Pabesi and Several Remarks on the Role of the Hippopotamus Goddess. Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Alterumskunde 96 (1969): 52-63.
  • Weingarten, Judith. The Transformation of Taweret into the Minoan Genius: A Study in Cultural Transmission in the Middle Bronze Age. Partille: P. Åströms, 1991.
  • Wengrow, David. “Cognition, Materiality, and Monsters: the cultural transmission of counter-intuitive forms in Bronze Age societies.” Journal of Material Culture. 16:2 (2011), 131-149.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Geraldine Pinch, Magic in Ancient Egypt (London: British Museum Press, 1994), 39.
  2. Jennifer Houser-Wegner, “Taweret,” in The Ancient Gods Speak : A Guide tae Egyptian Religion, ed. Donald Redford (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002), 351-352.

Media relatit tae Taweret at Wikimedia Commons