Jump to content

Surahammar Municipality

Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge
Surahammar Municipality

Surahammars kommun
Coat of airms o Surahammar Municipality
Coat airms
CoontyVästmanland Coonty
 • Total368.85 km2 (142.41 sq mi)
 • Laund343.81 km2 (132.75 sq mi)
 • Water25.04 km2 (9.67 sq mi)
 Aurie as o Januar 1, 2014.
 (31 December 2021)[2]
 • Total10,099
 • Density27/km2 (71/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeSE
Municipal code1907

Surahammar Municipality (Surahammars kommun) is a municipality in Västmanland Coonty in central Swaden. Its seat is locatit in the toun o Surahammar.

The municipality is locatit some 100 km wast o Stockholm in the soothren pairt o the mineral-rich Bergslagen region.

The municipality wis formit in 1963 throu the amalgamation o Ramnäs an Sura.

Localities[eedit | eedit soorce]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Steelmaking in this municipality wis stairtit on a lairger scale in the 16t an 17t centuries when forges wur biggit thare. It wis a new phenomenon tae run forge mills separate frae minin an pig airn production steids in Bergslagen. The mills wur locatit in Virsbo, Ramnäs an Surahammar an pig airn wis transportit frae mills faur north, initially bi horse-sledges in the winter. Thare wis ample local supply o hydropouer tae run the forge hammers an timmer tae mak charcoal. Later, when Strömsholm Canal wis feenished, it wis uised tae ship feenished products tae Västerås an Stockholm for export. This restructurin process appears tae hae been driven bi the need tae secur access tae hydropouer an timmer for the forges syne baith the mines an blast furnaces uised up considerable amoonts o resoorces in the production o pig airn.

Ower time, the mills specialisit an in Ramnäs the key product became airn chains – in modren days for the aff-shore industrie – an in Surahammar wheel-sets for the rail road industrie an electro steels, baith wi ASEA as a major customer.

In Surahammar, Gustaf Eriksson developit the first combustion-ingine automobile biggit in Swaden in 1897. It formit the basis for a new Swadish industrie that wis locatit in Södertälje unner the name o Vagnfabriks-Aktiebolaget i Södertelge (renamed in 1906 tae Vabis that later mergit wi Scania AB).

The day, the mills in Virsbo, Ramnäs an Surahammar hae been transformit intae modren industries wi internaitional awners.

Industrie[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Surahammars Bruk AB - electrical steels
  • Adtranz Wheelset AB - wheelsets for the railwey industrie
  • Metso Powdermet
  • Scana Ramnäs AB
  • Uponor Wirsbo AB

Tourism[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Strömsholm Canal haes been restored an is a popular route for smaw yachts. Ane can navigate frae Strömsholm Palace, ane o the Ryal Palaces in Swaden at loch Mälaren tae Fagersta an Smedjebacken throu several canal locks an lochs, a tot distance o 100 km.

Ecomuseum Bergslagen gies an in-deth view o hou the early industrialisation evolvit in the Bergslagen region. It consists o some 40 steids.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Statistiska centralbyrån, Kommunarealer den 1 januari 2014" (Microsoft Excel) (in Swadish). Stateestics Swaden. Retrieved 18 Apryle 2014.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  2. "Folkmängd i riket, län och kommuner 31 december 2021" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 22 Februar 2022. Retrieved 22 Februar 2022.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Localities in Surahammar Municipality

Coordinates: 59°43′N 16°13′E / 59.717°N 16.217°E / 59.717; 16.217