Smalininkai

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Smalininkai
Ceety
Piers on the neman River in Smalininkai
Piers on the neman River in Smalininkai
Nickname(s): Smolnis
Kintra  Lithuanie
Ethnographic region Samogitie
Coonty Tauragė Coonty
Municipality Jurbarkas Destrict Municipality
Eldership Smalininkai eldership
Caipital o Smalininkai eldership
First mentioned 15t century
Grantit ceety richts 1946
Population (2011)
 • Tot 515
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Simmer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Smalininkai (About this sound pronunciation ) is a smaw ceety in Lithuanie. It is situatit in the umwhile samogitian pairt o Memelland on the richt-haund shore o the Neman River, 12 km (7.5 mi) wast frae Jurbarkas. It wis pairt o German East Proushie an wis cried Schmalleningken. Atween 1923 - 1939 an syne Warld War II it is pairt o Lithuanie.

Name[eedit | eedit soorce]

The name describes a place o tar an pitch burners ("smala": tar, pitch; -ingken: veelage).

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Syne 1422 (Treaty o Melno) Schmalleningken wis a border-veelage at the Lithuanie-German customs frontier. 1792 it wis appointit tae a mercat toun. 1845 the veelage became a pairish an 1878 a kirk wis built. 1902 a licht railwey wis built frae Pogegen tae Schmalleningken. The veelage haed in 1925 1,741 inhabitants an wis incorporatit intae the Landkreis Tilsit-Ragnit in 1939.

Leeteratur[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Kurschat, Heinrich A.: Das Buch vom Memelland, Siebert Oldenburg 1968