Sayyid Qutb (Arabic pronunciation: [ˈsajjɪd ˈqʊtˤb]) (an aa Said, Syed, Seyyid, Sayid, or Sayed; Koteb, Qutub, Kotb, or Kutb) (Arabic: سيد قطب; October 9, 1906 – August 29, 1966) wis an Egyptian author, educator, Islamist, poet, an the leadin Islamic theologian o the Egyptian Muslim Britherhuid in the 1950s an '60s.
Author o 24 buiks, includin novels, literary airts’ critique, wirks on education, he is best kent in the Muslim warld for his wirk on wha he believed tae be the social an poleetical role o Islam, particularly in his beuks Social Justice an Ma'alim fi-l-Tariq (Milestones). His magnum opus, Fi Zilal al-Qur'an (In the shade o the Qur'an), is a 30-volume commentary on the Qur'an.
Even though maist o his observations an criticism wur leveled at the Muslim warld, Qutb is an aa kent for his disapproval o the society an cultur o the Unitit States which he saw as obsessed wi materialism an violence. Views on Qutb vary widely. He haes been described bi supporters as a great airtist an martyr for Islam, but bi mony Wastren observers as ane who shaped the ideas o Islamists an particularly o terrorist groups such as Al Qaeda The day, his supporters are aften identified as Qutbists or "Qutbi", though they dae no uise the term tae describe thairsels.
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Some sources (e.g., U.S. Library of Congress) give 1903.
- PBS program America at the crossroads.
- David Von Drehle, A Lesson In Hate Smithsonian Magazine
- 'Qutb: Between Terror And Tragedy' by Hisham Sabrin quoting Hourani, A. Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age: 1798–1939. Cambridge University Press, 1962. and Mitchell, Richard S. The Society of The Muslim Brotherhood. Oxford University Press, 1969.
- Interview with Dr Abdel Moneim Abul Fotouh – Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood leader May 8, 2008
- Sayyid Qutb by Ahmed El-Kadi, MD
- The Osama Bin Laden I Know By Peter L. Bergen pp.18–20
- Robert Irwin, "Is this the man who inspired Bin Laden?" The Guardian (November 1, 2001).
- Paul Berman, "The Philosopher of Islamic Terror", New York Times Magazine (March 23, 2003).
- Out of the Shadows: GETTING AHEAD OF PRISONER RADICALIZATION
- The Evolution of Al-Qaeda: Osama bin Laden and Abu Musab al-Zarqawi
- Qutbism: An Ideology of Islamic-Fascism by Dale C. Eikmeier. From Parameters, Spring 2007, pp. 85–98.
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