Sayyid Qutb

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Sayyid Qutb (Arabic pronunciation: [ˈsajjɪd ˈqʊtˤb]) (an aa Said, Syed, Seyyid, Sayid, or Sayed; Koteb, Qutub, Kotb, or Kutb) (Arabic: سيد قطب‎; October 9, 1906[1] – August 29, 1966) wis an Egyptian author, educator, Islamist, poet, an the leadin Islamic theologian o the Egyptian Muslim Britherhuid in the 1950s an '60s.

Author o 24 buiks, includin novels, literary airts’ critique, wirks on education, he is best kent in the Muslim warld for his wirk on wha he believed tae be the social an poleetical role o Islam, particularly in his beuks Social Justice an Ma'alim fi-l-Tariq (Milestones). His magnum opus, Fi Zilal al-Qur'an (In the shade o the Qur'an), is a 30-volume commentary on the Qur'an.

Even though maist o his observations an criticism wur leveled at the Muslim warld, Qutb is an aa kent for his disapproval o the society an cultur o the Unitit States[2][3] which he saw as obsessed wi materialism an violence.[4] Views on Qutb vary widely. He haes been described bi supporters as a great airtist an martyr for Islam,[5][6] but bi mony Wastren observers as ane who shaped the ideas o Islamists[7] an particularly o terrorist groups such as Al Qaeda[8][9][10][11] The day, his supporters are aften identified as Qutbists[12] or "Qutbi", though they dae no uise the term tae describe thairsels.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Some sources (e.g., U.S. Library of Congress) give 1903.
  2. PBS program America at the crossroads.
  3. David Von Drehle, A Lesson In Hate Archived 2009-04-19 at the Stanford Web Archive Smithsonian Magazine
  4. 'Qutb: Between Terror And Tragedy' by Hisham Sabrin quoting Hourani, A. Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age: 1798–1939. Cambridge University Press, 1962. and Mitchell, Richard S. The Society of The Muslim Brotherhood. Oxford University Press, 1969.
  5. Interview with Dr Abdel Moneim Abul Fotouh – Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood leader Archived 2008-05-10 at the Wayback Machine May 8, 2008
  6. "Sayyid Qutb by Ahmed El-Kadi, MD". Archived frae the original on 26 September 2021. Retrieved 10 Mairch 2011.
  7. The Osama Bin Laden I Know By Peter L. Bergen pp.18–20
  8. Robert Irwin, "Is this the man who inspired Bin Laden?" The Guardian (November 1, 2001).
  9. Paul Berman, "The Philosopher of Islamic Terror", New York Times Magazine (March 23, 2003).
  11. The Evolution of Al-Qaeda: Osama bin Laden and Abu Musab al-Zarqawi
  12. Qutbism: An Ideology of Islamic-Fascism Archived 2007-06-09 at the Wayback Machine by Dale C. Eikmeier. From Parameters, Spring 2007, pp. 85–98.