Santa María Atzompa

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Santa María Atzompa
Atzompa
Toun & Municipality
Sample o Atzompa's signatur green glazit ware on display at MEAPO
Sample o Atzompa's signatur green glazit ware on display at MEAPO
Santa María Atzompa is locatit in Mexico
Santa María Atzompa
Santa María Atzompa
Coordinates: 17°06′05″N 96°46′40″W / 17.10139°N 96.77778°W / 17.10139; -96.77778
Kintra  Mexico
State Oaxaca
Foondit atween the 7t an 9t century
Govrenment
 • Municipal Preses Juan Esteban Ortiz Reyes
Elevationo seat 1,580 m (5,180 ft)
Population (2005)Municipality
 • Municipality 19,876
 • Seat 16,855
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
Postal code (of seat) 71220
Aurie code(s) 951

Santa María Atzompa is a toun an municipality locatit in the Mexican state o Oaxaca, aboot five km frae the state caipital o Oaxaca. It is pairt o the Centro Destrict in the Valles Centrales region.[1] The toun wis foondit atween the 7t an 9t centuries as a satellite o the auncient Zapotec ceety o Monte Albán. Syne its foondin, pottery makkin haes been a major economic activity an the toun is currently kent for its green-glazit pottery. This pottery uised tae be shippit aw ower Mexico an exportit tae the Unitit States but the day maist o this pottery is sauld locally. Beginnin in 2009, thare haes been excavation at the Atzompa archeological steid, leadin tae the discovery o a 45-metre Mesoamerican baw court, which haes been determined tae hae been on the principal ane for Monte Alban.[2] The day, the toun is rustic wi the smoke o firth-fired pottery kilns iver present. Poverty haes been a concern for the toun, but innovations sic as the uise o lead-free glazin an a communal crafts mercat hae been implementit tae impruive the craft's prospects.[3]

The municipality[eedit | eedit soorce]

As municipal seat, the toun o Santa María Atzompa is the local govreningauthority for itsel an the commonties o Montealbán, San Jerónimo Yahuiche, San José Hidalgo, Santa Catarina Montaño, La Soledad, La Cañada, Rancho Concepción, La Cañadita, Loma del Puente, La Raya de Yahuiche, Salida a San Lorenzo, Los Sibaja (Calle del Canal), Colonia Odisea, El Rincón, Paraje Río Chiquito, Loma del Paredón an Paraje Loma de la Virgen.[4] The municipality haes a tot population o 19,876, 85% o which live in the toun proper, an covers a aurie o 22.96km2.[1] 1,726 fowk speak a indigenous leid. The municipality borders the municipalities o Guadalupe Etla, San Jacinto Amilpas, San Lorenzo Cacaotepec, San Pablo Etla, San Pedro Ixtlahuaca an Oaxaca de Juárez .[1]

Main elevations include Cerro Apazle, Cerro del Bonete, Cerro de la Golondrina, Loma de San Isidro an Loma del Paderon. Thare is ane river cried the Chiquito River, which flows anerly durin the rainy saison. It haes a temperate climate. Natural vegetation includes jacaranda, guaje, mesquite, white sapote an American pepper. Wildlife includes rabbits, hares, frogs, lizards an a wide variety o birds an insects.[1]

Agricultur employs aboot 7% o the population, industry, construction an minin 40% an commerce, tourism an services employ 50%.[1]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "Santa María Atzompa". Enciclopedia de los Municipios de Mexico (in Spanish). Mexico: INAFED. Retrieved March 18, 2010. 
  2. "Hallan juego de pelota" (in Spanish). Mexico: INAH. March 24, 2009. Retrieved March 18, 2010.  Unkent parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)
  3. González Ramírez, Fabiola (1999). "Arte color verde (Oaxaca)" (in Spanish). Mexico City: Mexico Desconocido magazine. Retrieved March 18, 2010.  Unkent parameter |trans_title= ignored (help); Unkent parameter |month= ignored (help)
  4. "INEGI Census 2005" (in Spanish). Retrieved March 17, 2010.