Reestit mutton

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Reestit Mutton
Reestit mutton displayed in atill a butcher's window in Lerwick, Shetland
Teepmeat product
Coorsestarter or main
Place o oreeginScotland
Region or stateShetland
Main ingredients
Ingredients generally uised
Seemilar dishesSkerpikjøt

Reestit mutton (pronounced [ˈriːstɪt̚ ˈmʌt̚n̩], REES-tit-MUT-ən) is a kind o saat mutton tradeetional tae Shetland, Scotland. It is been caaed Shetland's national dysh.[1][2]

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

Da naem reestit mutton comes fae da Shetland dialect wird reest, meanin a widden framewark tradeetionally set ower da rafters of a hoose[3], whaar da mutton wid tradeetionally hing fae tae dry wi da aid o smok aff o a paet fire.[1]

Origin[eedit | eedit soorce]

Reestit mutton wis traditionally meyd as a wye o preservin mutton so as it could be aeten trowe da yule. Hit's related tae simlar Scandinavian wyes o dryin flesh, lik skerpikjøt.[1] If maed richt reestit mutton can bide edible fir up tae fower year.[2]

Makkin[eedit | eedit soorce]

Reestit mutton is meyd by sokkin a laeg or shooder o mutton in brine. The richt quantity o coorse saat tae watter fir da brine is reckt whin a taatie or igg will flot idda solution.[4] Some recipes also axe fir da addeetion o a peerie scaar o shuggar or saatpetre tae da mix.[5] Da mutton is kept idda brine til da solution is reckt aa da pairts o da flesh – dat can tak aboot tree weeks.[4] Den da flesh is hung tae dry closs tae a paet fire til it gings herd.[4]

Flavour[eedit | eedit soorce]

Reestit mutton haes a saat flavour[6] dat is also affected wi da paet smok dat's aboot it whin it's dryin.[1] Da maet is tocht o as bein hamely tae Shetlanders.[1]

Da first butcher tae sell reestit mutton commercially in Lerwick, Shetland advertised it as haein an acquired taest at you acquire at da first taest.[1]

Dyshes[eedit | eedit soorce]

Reestit mutton is affen ösed tae mak reestit mutton soup wi. Da soup is meyd wi taaties an is affen served wi bannocks – peerie savoury bakes simlar tae scones.[1] Dis dysh is affen gien oot at da Up Helly Aa fire festivals. Hit can also be ösed as da fillin o a reestit mutton pie.[7]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Armitage, Marian (2 Juin 2016). "The Ultimate Reestit Mutton Pie". Shetland Life (in Inglis). Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  • Atia, Elizabeth (10 November 2014). "Reestit Mutton Soup". (in Inglis). Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  • Brown, Catherine (14 November 2011). A Year In A Scots Kitchen (in Inglis). Neil Wilson Publishing Ltd. ISBN 978-1-906476-84-7.
  • Graham, John J. (2009) [1979]. "reest". Shetland ForWirds. Retrieved 21 November 2019.
  • Wishart, Martin (6 Februar 2016). "Reestit mutton and tattie soup". HeraldScotland (in Inglis). Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  • National Geographic Book Service (1985). Discovering Britain & Ireland (in Inglis). Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society. OCLC 1033641841.
  • "Getting set to enjoy Shetland's national dish – reestit mutton". Scottish Field (in Inglis). 23 Januar 2018. Retrieved 19 November 2019.