Ra's al-'Ayn, Al-Hasakah Govrenorate

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Ra's al-'Ayn

رأس العين
Ra's al-'Ayn is located in Syrie
Ra's al-'Ayn
Ra's al-'Ayn
Location in Sirie
Coordinates: 36°51′N 40°04′E / 36.850°N 40.067°E / 36.850; 40.067
Kintra Sirie
GovrenorateAl-Hasakah Govrenorate
DestrictRa's al-'Ayn Destrict
360 m (1,180 ft)
 • Total55,247

Ra's al-'Ayn (Arabic: رأس العينRa's al 'Ayn, Kurdish: Serêkanî‎, Clessical Syriac: ܪܝܫ ܥܝܢܐRēṣḥ 'Aynā, Turkis: Resuleyn) is a Sirie ceety admeenistratively belangin tae Al-Hasakah Govrenorate. Ra's al-'Ayn haes an altitude o 360 m. It haes a population o 55,247, mony o them being Assyries/Siriacs, Arabs, Kurds, Armenies, Chechens, an Sirie Turks. There is a border crossin tae Ceylanpınar in Turkey.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety haes been inhabitit frae 1500 BC or earlier.

In auncient times it wis kent as Washukani,Sikan, Resaina, and Theodosiopolis. Durin the Armenie Genocide mony Armenies wur deportit tae the desert daith camps o Ra's al-'Ayn,[1] a steid that wad become "synonymous wi Armenie sufferin".[2] The ceety is the birthplace o the popular Sirie dabke muisicker, Omar Souleyman.[3]

Sikan[eedit | eedit soorce]

The auncient Neo-Assirie ceety o Sikan is on the soothren edge o the mund at Ras el 'Ayn. Its location is near the modren-day Tell el Fakhariya, whaur a famous Neo-Assirie statue o Adad-it'i/Hadd-yith'i, the keeng o Guzana an Sikan wis discovered in the 1970s, with a bilingual inscription in the Assirie dialect o Akkadian an Aramaic, the earliest Aramaic inscription.[4][5][6][7] The statue wis inscribit as a votive object tae Hadad, whose name the donor bore. It is generally datit tae aroond 850 BC, though an 11t century BC date haes been proposed an aw.[8]

Ra's al-'Ayn springs[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ra's al-'Ayn haes mair nor 100 naitural springs. The maist famous spring is Nab'a al-Kebreet, a het spring wi a vera heich meeneral content, conteenin iverything frae simple calcium tae lithium, an even radium.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. World War One: The Global Revolution, By Lawrence Sondhaus, Cambridge University Press, 2011, p. 390
  2. Genocide: A Comprehensive Introduction, by Adam Jones, 2006, Page 110
  3. omarsouleyman.com (official web site) Archived 2015-02-27 at the Wayback Machine
  4. A. R. Millard and P. Bordreuil, "A Statue from Syria with Assyrian and Aramaic Inscriptions" The Biblical Archaeologist, vol. 45, 135-141, 1982
  5. Abu Asaf, Pierre Bordreuil and Alan R. Millard, La statue de Tell Fekherye et son inscription bilingue assyro-arameenne, A.D.P.F, 1982, ISBN 2-86538-036-X
  6. Douglas M. Gropp and Theodore J. Lewis, Notes on Some Problems in the Aramaic Text of the Hadd-Yith'i, Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research, no. 259, pp. 45-61, 1985
  7. Jonas C. Greenfield and Aaron Shaffer, Notes on the Akkadian-Aramaic Bilingual Statue from Tell Fekherya, Iraq, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 109-116, 1983
  8. J. Naveh, The Date of the Tell Fekherye Inscription, Shnaton 5-6, pp. 130-140, 1978-79