Pituitary gland

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Brain: Pituitary gland
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Locatit at the base o the brain, the pituitary gland is pertectit bi a bany structur cried the sella turcica o the sphenoid bone.
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Median sagittal throu the hypophysis o an adult monkey. Semidiagrammatic.
Laitin hypophysis, glandula pituitaria
Gray's p.1275
Artery
superior hypophyseal artery, infundibular artery, prechiasmal artery, inferior hypophyseal artery, capsular artery, artery o the inferior cavernous sinus [1]
MeSH Pituitary+Gland
NeuroLex ID birnlex_1353
TA A11.1.00.001
FMA FMA:13889

In vertebrate anatomy, the pituitary gland, or hypophysis, is an endocrine gland aboot the size o a pea an weighin 0.5 grams (0.018 oz) in humans. It is a protrusion off the bottom o the hypothalamus at the base o the brain. The hypophysis rests upon the hypophysial fossa o the sphenoid bane in the center o the middle cranial fossa an is surroondit by a smaa bany cavity (sella turcica) covered bi a dural fold (diaphragma sellae).[2] The anterior pituitary (or adenohypophysis) is a lobe o the gland that regulates several pheesiological processes (includin stress, growth, reproduction, an lactation).

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Gibo H, Hokama M, Kyoshima K, Kobayashi S (1993). "[Arteries to the pituitary]". Nippon Rinsho. 51 (10): 2550–4. PMID 8254920. 
  2. Mancall, Elliott L.; Brock, David G., eds. (2011). "Cranial Fossae". Gray's Clinical Anatomy. Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 154. ISBN 9781437735802.