Pierre-Simon Laplace

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Pierre-Simon, marquis de Laplace (23 Mairch 1749 – 5 Mairch 1827) wis a French mathematician an astronomer whose wark wis pivotal tae the development o mathematical astronomy an statistics. He summarised an extended the work o his predecessors in his five volume Mécanique Céleste (Celestial Mechanics) (1799–1825). This wark translated the geometric study o classical mechanics tae ane based on calculus, opening up a broader range of problems. In statistics, the so-called Bayesian interpretation of probability was mainly developed by Laplace.[1]

He formulated Laplace's equation, and pioneered the Laplace transform which appears in many branches of mathematical physics, a field that he took a leading role in forming. The Laplacian differential operator, widely used in applied mathematics, is also named after him.

He restated an developed the nebular hypothesis of the origin of the solar system an wis ane o the first scientists to postulate the existence of black holes and the notion of gravitational collapse.

He is remembered as ane o the greatest scientists of aa time, sometimes referred to as a French Newton or Newton of France, with a phenomenal natural mathematical faculty superior to any of his contemporaries.[2]

He became a count o the First French Empire in 1806 an wis named a marquis in 1817, efter the Bourbon Restoration.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Stephen M. Stigler (1986) The history of statistics. Harvard University press. Chapter 3.
  2. [Anon.] (1911) "Pierre Simon, Marquis De Laplace", Encyclopaedia Britannica