Phitsanulok

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Phitsanulok

พิษณุโลก
City of Phitsanulok
เทศบาลนครพิษณุโลก
Phitsanulok skyline from the Grand Riverside Hotel
Phitsanulok skyline from the Grand Riverside Hotel
Official seal of Phitsanulok
Seal
Eik-name(s): 
Song Khwae (The two rivers)
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Coordinates: 16°48′57″N 100°15′49″E / 16.81583°N 100.26361°E / 16.81583; 100.26361Coordinates: 16°48′57″N 100°15′49″E / 16.81583°N 100.26361°E / 16.81583; 100.26361
CountryThailand
ProvincePhitsanulok
DistrictMueang Phitsanulok
Govrenment
 • TeepCity Municipality
 • MayorBoonsong Tanthani
Area
 • City Municipality18.26 km2 (7.05 sq mi)
 • Metro
751 km2 (290 sq mi)
Elevation
51 m (167 ft)
Population
 • City Municipality66,106
 • Density3,600/km2 (9,400/sq mi)
 • Metro
291,311
 • Metro density390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postcode
65000
Calling code(+66) 55
Geocode650101
Chief roadwayRoute 12
Chief watercourseNan River
Chief airportPhitsanulok Airport
Websitewww.phsmun.go.th

Phitsanulok (Thai: พิษณุโลก, pronounced [pʰít.sa.nú.lôːk]) is an important an historic ceety in lawer northren Thailand an is the caipital o Phitsanulok Province, which stretches aw the wey tae the Laotian border.

Phitsanulok is ane o the auldest ceeties in Thailand, foondit ower 600 years ago.[3] It is probably best kent as the birthplace o King Naresuan, who freed the kintra frae Burmese domination in the late 16t Yearhunner, an his brither an successor King Ekathosarot (Sanpet III).[citation needit]

As the cross-road atween the northren an central regions o the kintra, it haes lang been important baith for poleetical an strategic reasons, an wis focht ower mony times in yearhunners past.[citation needit]

Phitsanulok wis the caipital o Thailand for 25 years durin the reign o King Boromma Trailokanat o Ayutthaya. Locatit on the banks o the Nan River, the ceety wis oreeginally a sma Khmer ootpost kent as Sang Kwae, afore the Khwae Noi River chynged its course in the 11t Century A.D. Phitsanulok wis an' a' a provincial centre o the Angkorian Empire durin the Angkorian period.[4]

Phitsanulok is hame tae Naresuan University an Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University, as well as tae a major Ryal Thai Airmy base.[2]

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Sang Khwae-The first element, 'sang', means the nummer twa. The seicont element, 'khwae', means tributary. A loose translation o the entire name wad be Twa Rivers.
  • Phitsanulok-The first element, 'Phitsanu' (Thai: พิษณุ), is a cognate o Vishnu, a Hindu god (see, e.g. Witnu, Thai: วิษณุ). Lack o a v soond in the Thai leid accoonts for the twa forms. The seicont element, 'lok' (Thai: โลก,) means globe o warld. A loose translation o the entire name wad be Vishnu's Heaven.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "2. Administrative Information". บรรยายสรุปอำเภอเมืองพิษณุโลก [Mueang Phitsanulok Briefing] (Report) (in Thai). Mueang Phitsanulok Administrative Office. 5 October 2020. p. 4.
  2. a b "สถิติทางการทะเบียน" [Registration statistics]. bora.dopa.go.th (in Thai). Department of Provincial Administration (DOPA). December 2019. Retrieved 22 September 2020. Download จำนวนประชากร ปี พ.ศ.2562 - Download population year 2019
  3. Wyatt, David K. (2004). Thailand: A Short History (in Inglis) (2nd ed.). Chiang Mai: Silkworm Books. ISBN 978-974957544-4. Retrieved 19 Mairch 2021.
  4. Thailand, A Short Story, David K. Wyatt, ISBN 0300030541


Coordinates: 16°48′57″N 100°15′49″E / 16.8158°N 100.2636°E / 16.8158; 100.2636{{#coordinates:}}: canna hae mair nor ane primar tag per page