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Phitsanulok (Thai: พิษณุโลก, pronounced [pʰíú.lôːk]) is an important an historic ceety in lawer northren Thailand an is the caipital o Phitsanulok Province, which stretches aw the wey tae the Laotian border. Phitsanulok is ane o the auldest ceeties in Thailand, foondit ower 600 years ago. It is probably best kent as the birthplace o King Naresuan, who freed the kintra frae Burmese domination in the late 16t Century, an his brither an successor King Ekathosarot (Sanpet III). As the cross-road atween the northren an central regions o the kintra, it haes lang been important baith for poleetical an strategic reasons, an wis focht ower mony times in centuries past. Phitsanulok wis the caipital o Thailand for 25 years durin the reign o King Boromma Trailokanat o Ayutthaya. Locatit on the banks o the Nan River, the ceety wis oreeginally a sma Khmer ootpost kent as Sang Kwae, afore the Khwae Noi River chynged its course in the 11t Century A.D. Phitsanulok wis an' a' a provincial centre o the Angkorian Empire durin the Angkorian period.[1] Phitsanulok is hame tae Naresuan University an Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University, as well as tae a major Ryal Thai Airmy base.

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Sang Khwae-The first element, 'sang', means the nummer twa. The seicont element, 'khwae', means tributary. A loose translation o the entire name wad be Twa Rivers.
  • Phitsanulok-The first element, 'Phitsanu' (Thai: พิษณุ), is a cognate o Vishnu, a Hindu god (see, e.g. Witnu, Thai: วิษณุ). Lack o a v soond in the Thai leid accoonts for the twa forms. The seicont element, 'lok' (Thai: โลก,) means globe o warld. A loose translation o the entire name wad be Vishnu's Heaven.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Thailand, A Short Story, David K. Wyatt, ISBN 0300030541

Coordinates: 16°48′57″N 100°15′49″E / 16.8158°N 100.2636°E / 16.8158; 100.2636