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Penicillin core structur, whaur "R" is the variable group.

Penicillin (whiles abbreviatit PCN or pen) is a group o antibiotics derived frae Penicillium fungi,[1] includin penicillin G, procaine penicillin, benzathine penicillin, an penicillin V. Penicillin wis diskivert in 1928 bi Scots scientist Alexander Fleming.[2]

Penicillin antibiotics are historically signeeficant acause thay are the first drugs that wur effective against mony previously serious diseases, such as syphilis, an infections caused bi staphylococci an streptococci.[2] Penicillins are still widely uised the day, tho mony types o bacteria hae nou acome resistant.[3] Aw penicillins are β-lactam antibiotics an are uised in the treatment o bacterial infections caused bi susceptible, uisually Gram-positive, organisms.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Penicillin at the Free Dictionary
  2. a b "Alexander Fleming Discovery and Development of Penicillin - Landmark". American Chemical Society (in Inglis). Retrieved 10 Mey 2022.
  3. "Antibiotic resistant bacteria - Better Health Channel". www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 10 Mey 2022.