Pashto leid

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Pashto
پښتو
Pax̌tō
Pashto.svg
The wird Pax̌tō written in the Pashto alphabet
Pronunciation [ˈpəʂt̪oː], [ˈpʊxt̪oː]
Native tae Afghanistan an Pakistan
Region Sooth Asia, Central Asie
Ethnicity Pashtuns
Native speakers
50–60 million (2007–2009)[1][2][3]
Staundart forms
Dialects ~20 dialects
Offeecial status
Offeecial leid in
 Afghanistan[4]
Recognised minority
leid in
Regulatit bi Academy o Sciences o Afghanistan[citation needit]
Pashto Academy, Pakistan[6]
Leid codes
ISO 639-1 ps – Pashto, Pushto
ISO 639-2 pus – Pushto, Pashto
ISO 639-3 pusinclusive code – Pashto, Pushto
Individual codes:
pst – Central Pashto
pbu – Northern Pashto
pbt – Southern Pashto
wne – Wanetsi
Glottolog pash1269  Pashto[7]
Linguasphere 58-ABD-a
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Pashto (Naskh: پښتو [paʂˈto]; an aa transliteratit Pakhto, Pushto, Pukhto, Pashtu, or Pushtu), an aa kent as Afghani,[8] is a member o the Eastren Iranian leids group which is spoken primarily bi the Pashtun fowk in Afghanistan an Pakistan, as well as bi the Pashtun diaspora athort the globe.[9]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Penzl, Herbert; Ismail Sloan (2009). A Grammar of Pashto a Descriptive Study of the Dialect of Kandahar, Afghanistan. Ishi Press International. p. 210. ISBN 0-923891-72-2. Retrieved 2010-10-25. Estimates of the number of Pashto speakers range from 40 million to 60 million... 
  2. Nationalencyklopedin "Världens 100 största språk 2007" The World's 38 Largest Languages in 2007 (39 million)
  3. Pashto (2005). Keith Brown, ed. Encyclopedie o Leid an Linguistics (2 ed.). Elsevier. ISBN 0-08-044299-4. 
  4. Constitution o AfghanistanChapter 1 The State, Article 16 (Languages) and Article 20 (Anthem)
  5. Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World. Elsevier. 6 April 2010. pp. 845–. ISBN 978-0-08-087775-4. 
  6. Sebeok, Thomas Albert (1976). Current Trends in Linguistics: Index. Walter de Gruyter. p. 705. 
  7. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Pashto". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  8. Dictionary.com, "Afghani," in The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Source location: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2004. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Afghani. Accessed: July 14, 2010.
  9. "Pashto". Omniglot.com. Retrieved 2010-10-25. The exact number o Pashto speakers is no kent for sure, but maist estimates range frae 45 million tae 55 million.