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Haeckel Orchidae.jpg
Colour plate frae Ernst Haeckel's Kunstformen der Natur
Scienteefic clessification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Type genus
Tourn. ex L.
Distribution range o faimily Orchidaceae

Orchidaceae is a diverse an widespread faimily o flouerin plants wi blooms that are eften colourfu an eften fragrant, commonly kent as the orchid faimily. Alang wi the Asteraceae, thay are ane o the twa lairgest faimilies o flouerin plants, wi atween 21,950 an 26,049 currently acceptit species, foond in 880 genera.[2][3] Selecting which of the two families is larger is still under debate, as concrete numbers on such enormous families are constantly in flux. Regardless, the nummer o orchid species equals mair nor twice the nummer o bird species, an aboot fower times the nummer o mammal species. The faimily an aa encompasses aboot 6–11% o aw seed plants.[4] The lairgest genera are Bulbophyllum (2,000 species), Epidendrum (1,500 species), Dendrobium (1,400 species) an Pleurothallis (1,000 species).

The faimily an aa includes Vanilla (the genus o the vanilla plant), Orchis (type genus), an mony commonly cultivatit plants such as Phalaenopsis an Cattleya. Mairower, syne the introduction o tropical species in the 19t century, horticulturists hae produced mair nor 100,000 hybrids an cultivars.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Retrieved 2013–06–26.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  2. P. F. Stevens (June 2008). "Angiosperm Phylogeny Website Version 9". Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 26 May 2013. 
  3. "WCSP". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2010. 
  4. Yohan Pillon & Mark W. Chase (2007). "Taxonomic exaggeration and its effects on orchid conservation". Conservation Biology 21 (1): 263–265. doi:10.1111/j.1523-1739.2006.00573.x. PMID 17298532.