Monzuno

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Monzuno
Comune
Comune di Monzuno
Monzuno is locatit in Italy
Monzuno
Monzuno
Location o Monzuno in Italy
Coordinates: 44°17′N 11°16′E / 44.283°N 11.267°E / 44.283; 11.267Coordinates: 44°17′N 11°16′E / 44.283°N 11.267°E / 44.283; 11.267
Kintra Italy
Region Emilia-Romagna
Province Bologna (BO)
Frazioni Rioveggio, Vado
Govrenment
 • Mayor Marco Mastacchi
Aurie
 • Total 65 km2 (25 sq mi)
Elevation 621 m (2,037 ft)
Population (2007)
 • Tot 6,216
 • Density 96/km2 (250/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Simmer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 40036
Dialin code 051
Wabsteid Offeecial wabsteid

Monzuno is an Italian comune in the province o Bologna (Emilia-Romagna).

The territory o the commune is locatit on the wastren slope o the Savena valley, on the northren ridge o Monte Venere an on the left side o the Setta an Sambro streams.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

In the 12t hunderyear Monzuno wis unner the rule o the Marquises o Tuscany. efter the Lombard owerlairds, it passed ower tae the possession o the Ubaldinis an efterwairds wis handit ower tae Matilde di Canossa. It wis feenally dividit amang the noble faimilies o the Da Monzuno, Da Montorio an Da Panico.

Under the rule o Matilde o Canossa the Castle wis pairt o the court o Scanello an then cedit tae the Kirk o Pisa. Later it acquired unthirldom unner the local lairdship that haed branched oot perhaps frae the Ubaldinis. The Da Monzunos won the Da Montorios an socht for help frae the kirk circles, takkin sides wi the Geremeis (who wur Guelphs) against the Lambertazzi (Ghibellines). Onywey durin the creesis they showed the real natur o their poleetical tendencies, linin up wi nobles tae the detriment o the middle cless. The Bolognese on the ither haund perfectly knew the poleetical shadiness o the noble hoose an hence tree'd tae appoint thaim wi offices an posts ensurin tae conteen their pouer. Bologna obtained then in 1371 the subjugation o Monzuno an o the Castle o Aligrano. Housomeivver, as the Ghibellines o Bologna plottit tae open the ceety's door tae the Marquis Niccolò II d'Este, Guiduccio da Monzuno teuk sides in favour o the insurgents an decidit tae support the Lambertazzis. Bologna replee'd wi resolution an sent infantry an cavalry tae occupee the castle. Monzuno became a commissariat at the end o the 15t hunderyear, unner the rule o Giovanni II Bentivoglio. The destrict wis efterwairds haundit ower in 1514 to the Manzoli faimily an then tae the Dukes o Acquasparta.

In 1810 the commune o Monzuno wis established, tae which the hamlets o Trasasso, Brigola, Gugliara, Vado, Monterumici, Brigadello, brento, Valle di Sambro, Gabbiano, Montorio an Rioveggio wur incorporatit an aw. The maist recent history marks a lairge insurgent muivement efter the faw o fascism, durin Warld War II wi Mario Musolesi, better kent as Il lupo ("The wouf"), leader o the pairtisan fraction o Stella Rossa (Reid Starn).

Brento[eedit | eedit soorce]

Brento wis a possession o the keeng an, as such, it was donatit bi the Lombard keeng Astulf tae the Duke Orso an frae the latter tae the Abbey o Nonantola. Efterwairds it wis reintegratit intae the possessions o the Bishop o Bologna. Efter the 11t hunderyear the decline o the place commencit. In 1293 the Bishop o Bologna donatit the Kirk o Brento tae the faithers o Bologna. In the fowerteent hunderyear in Monzuno the Vicariate o the Muntain wis active in Monzuno. The commonty o monks that settled thare scattered efter 1632. The auld pairish kirk wis destroyed bi the events o the war.

Montorio[eedit | eedit soorce]

The hamlet o Montorio wis the centre o a wide kirk destrict lang afore Monzuno acquired its awn admeenistrative richt. It wis a institution o 42 pairishes that wur efterwairds dismembered. In 1582 Cardinal Gabriele Paleotti established the new Pairish o Monzuno. Montorio belangit at first tae the local Feudal Lairds, then to the Counts Castelli o Bologna. The latter anes donatit tae the Militar Order o S. Stefano di Toscana, in order tae tak pairt in it, the Palace o Montorio. The Grand Duke o Tuscany acceptit an established the Priorate o Bologna, entrustin its admeenistration tae the Castellis. Efterwairds the possessions wur haundit doun tae the Coont Francesco di Thurn di Valsassina, tae the Marullis o Bologna an in the end tae the Bertis.